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Lactobacillus casei DG and its postbiotic reduce the inflammatory mucosal response: an ex-vivo organ culture model of post-infectious irritable bowel syndrome

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

Background: The evidence on the role of gut microbiota in post-infectious irritable bowel syndrome (PI-IBS) is convincing. Lactobacillus spp. positively affect IBS symptoms, although the mechanisms through which probiotics exert their beneficial effects are largely unknown. The aim of the study is to evaluate the role of Lactobacillus casei DG (LC-DG) and its postbiotic (PB) in modulating the inflammatory/immune-response in PI-IBS in an ex-vivo organ culture model.

Methods: Ex vivo cultures of ileal and colonic mucosa from 10 PI-IBS, diarrhea predominant subtype (D) patients, and 10 healthy controls (HC) were treated with LPS, LC-DG and PB. Interleukin (IL)-1α, IL-6, IL-8 and IL-10 mRNA levels were assessed by real-time PCR and Toll like receptor 4 (TLR-4) protein expression by Western blotting.

Results: At baseline, IL-1α, IL-6 and IL-8 mRNA levels as well as TLR-4 protein expression were significantly higher while IL-10 mRNA levels were lower in PI-IBS D than in HC in both ileum and colon. LC-DG and PB significantly reduced the mRNA levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines and TLR-4 while increased that of IL-10 after LPS stimulation. The protective effect was more pronounced for PB than LC-DG treatment.

Conclusion: LC-DG and its PB attenuate the inflammatory mucosal response in an ex-vivo organ culture model of PI-IBS D.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Fold changes in mRNA levels of IL-1α, IL-6, IL-8 and IL-10 in the ileal mucosa of HC and IBS-D patients. IL-1α, IL-6 and IL-8 mRNA baseline levels were higher and IL-10 mRNA levels were lower in post-infectious IBS-D than HC. The stimulation of intestinal mucosa with 100 μg/ml LPS significantly increased mRNA levels of all cytokines in respect to baseline in both HC and PI-IBS D patients. In contrast, LPS treatment did not affect IL-10 mRNA levels in both HC and IBS-D. LC-DG treatment was effective in reducing IL-1α and IL-8 mRNA levels and increasing IL-10 m-RNA levels. PB treatment was effective in reducing IL-1α, IL-6 and IL-8 mRNA levels and increasing IL-10 m-RNA levels. ***p < 0.0001. HC: healthy controls; PI IBS-D: post-infectious irritable bowel disease diarrhea subtype; LPS: lipopolysaccharide; LC: Lactobacillus Casei DG; PB: postbiotic
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Fig2: Fold changes in mRNA levels of IL-1α, IL-6, IL-8 and IL-10 in the ileal mucosa of HC and IBS-D patients. IL-1α, IL-6 and IL-8 mRNA baseline levels were higher and IL-10 mRNA levels were lower in post-infectious IBS-D than HC. The stimulation of intestinal mucosa with 100 μg/ml LPS significantly increased mRNA levels of all cytokines in respect to baseline in both HC and PI-IBS D patients. In contrast, LPS treatment did not affect IL-10 mRNA levels in both HC and IBS-D. LC-DG treatment was effective in reducing IL-1α and IL-8 mRNA levels and increasing IL-10 m-RNA levels. PB treatment was effective in reducing IL-1α, IL-6 and IL-8 mRNA levels and increasing IL-10 m-RNA levels. ***p < 0.0001. HC: healthy controls; PI IBS-D: post-infectious irritable bowel disease diarrhea subtype; LPS: lipopolysaccharide; LC: Lactobacillus Casei DG; PB: postbiotic

Mentions: At baseline, IL-1α, IL-6 and IL-8 mRNA levels were higher while IL-10 mRNA levels were lower in PI-IBS D than HC, irrespective of intestinal mucosa site (Figs. 2 and 3). Notably, in PI-IBS D patients, IL-6 mRNA levels were higher in colonic than in ileal mucosa while IL-8 mRNA levels were higher in ileal than in colonic mucosa. The stimulation of intestinal mucosa with 100 μg/ml LPS significantly increased mRNA levels of all cytokines in respect to baseline in both HC and PI-IBS D patients (Figs. 2 and 3). However, the magnitude of the inflammatory response of the intestinal mucosa, that is the difference between LPS-induced mRNA levels and baseline values, was greater in patients than in HC in both ileal and colonic mucosa (Il-1α p < 0.0001, IL-6 p < 0.0001 and IL-8 p < 0.0001). In contrast, the magnitude of the anti-inflammatory response did not significantly differ between HC and IBS-D, irrespective of mucosal site.Fig. 2


Lactobacillus casei DG and its postbiotic reduce the inflammatory mucosal response: an ex-vivo organ culture model of post-infectious irritable bowel syndrome
Fold changes in mRNA levels of IL-1α, IL-6, IL-8 and IL-10 in the ileal mucosa of HC and IBS-D patients. IL-1α, IL-6 and IL-8 mRNA baseline levels were higher and IL-10 mRNA levels were lower in post-infectious IBS-D than HC. The stimulation of intestinal mucosa with 100 μg/ml LPS significantly increased mRNA levels of all cytokines in respect to baseline in both HC and PI-IBS D patients. In contrast, LPS treatment did not affect IL-10 mRNA levels in both HC and IBS-D. LC-DG treatment was effective in reducing IL-1α and IL-8 mRNA levels and increasing IL-10 m-RNA levels. PB treatment was effective in reducing IL-1α, IL-6 and IL-8 mRNA levels and increasing IL-10 m-RNA levels. ***p < 0.0001. HC: healthy controls; PI IBS-D: post-infectious irritable bowel disease diarrhea subtype; LPS: lipopolysaccharide; LC: Lactobacillus Casei DG; PB: postbiotic
© Copyright Policy - OpenAccess
Related In: Results  -  Collection

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Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC5391611&req=5

Fig2: Fold changes in mRNA levels of IL-1α, IL-6, IL-8 and IL-10 in the ileal mucosa of HC and IBS-D patients. IL-1α, IL-6 and IL-8 mRNA baseline levels were higher and IL-10 mRNA levels were lower in post-infectious IBS-D than HC. The stimulation of intestinal mucosa with 100 μg/ml LPS significantly increased mRNA levels of all cytokines in respect to baseline in both HC and PI-IBS D patients. In contrast, LPS treatment did not affect IL-10 mRNA levels in both HC and IBS-D. LC-DG treatment was effective in reducing IL-1α and IL-8 mRNA levels and increasing IL-10 m-RNA levels. PB treatment was effective in reducing IL-1α, IL-6 and IL-8 mRNA levels and increasing IL-10 m-RNA levels. ***p < 0.0001. HC: healthy controls; PI IBS-D: post-infectious irritable bowel disease diarrhea subtype; LPS: lipopolysaccharide; LC: Lactobacillus Casei DG; PB: postbiotic
Mentions: At baseline, IL-1α, IL-6 and IL-8 mRNA levels were higher while IL-10 mRNA levels were lower in PI-IBS D than HC, irrespective of intestinal mucosa site (Figs. 2 and 3). Notably, in PI-IBS D patients, IL-6 mRNA levels were higher in colonic than in ileal mucosa while IL-8 mRNA levels were higher in ileal than in colonic mucosa. The stimulation of intestinal mucosa with 100 μg/ml LPS significantly increased mRNA levels of all cytokines in respect to baseline in both HC and PI-IBS D patients (Figs. 2 and 3). However, the magnitude of the inflammatory response of the intestinal mucosa, that is the difference between LPS-induced mRNA levels and baseline values, was greater in patients than in HC in both ileal and colonic mucosa (Il-1α p < 0.0001, IL-6 p < 0.0001 and IL-8 p < 0.0001). In contrast, the magnitude of the anti-inflammatory response did not significantly differ between HC and IBS-D, irrespective of mucosal site.Fig. 2

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

Background: The evidence on the role of gut microbiota in post-infectious irritable bowel syndrome (PI-IBS) is convincing. Lactobacillus spp. positively affect IBS symptoms, although the mechanisms through which probiotics exert their beneficial effects are largely unknown. The aim of the study is to evaluate the role of Lactobacillus casei DG (LC-DG) and its postbiotic (PB) in modulating the inflammatory/immune-response in PI-IBS in an ex-vivo organ culture model.

Methods: Ex vivo cultures of ileal and colonic mucosa from 10 PI-IBS, diarrhea predominant subtype (D) patients, and 10 healthy controls (HC) were treated with LPS, LC-DG and PB. Interleukin (IL)-1&alpha;, IL-6, IL-8 and IL-10 mRNA levels were assessed by real-time PCR and Toll like receptor 4 (TLR-4) protein expression by Western blotting.

Results: At baseline, IL-1&alpha;, IL-6 and IL-8 mRNA levels as well as TLR-4 protein expression were significantly higher while IL-10 mRNA levels were lower in PI-IBS D than in HC in both ileum and colon. LC-DG and PB significantly reduced the mRNA levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines and TLR-4 while increased that of IL-10 after LPS stimulation. The protective effect was more pronounced for PB than LC-DG treatment.

Conclusion: LC-DG and its PB attenuate the inflammatory mucosal response in an ex-vivo organ culture model of PI-IBS D.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus