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Effect of Core Training on Male Handball Players ’ Throwing Velocity

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

In handball, throwing velocity is considered to be one of the essential factors in achieving the ultimate aim of scoring a goal. The objective of the present study was to analyze the effect of a core training program on throwing velocity in 30 handball players (age 18.7 ± 3.4 years, body height 179.3 ± 7.0 cm, body mass 78.9 ± 7.7 kg), 16 of whom were in the junior category and 14 of whom were in the senior category. The 30 players were randomly divided into two groups, the control group (n = 15) and the experimental group (n = 15). For a period of ten weeks, both groups attended their regular handball training sessions (four per week), but in addition, the experimental group participated in a program specifically aimed at progressively strengthening the lumbo-pelvic region and consisting of seven exercises performed after the general warm-up in each regular session. Pre- and post-tests were carried out to analyze each player’s throwing velocity from different throwing positions and thus assess the effects of this specific training program. Statistically significant differences (p ≤ 0.05) in throwing velocity were observed between the experimental group, which presented a percentage improvement of 4.5%, and the control group, which did not show any improvement. The results seem to indicate that an increase in the strength and stability of the lumbo-pelvic region can contribute to an improvement in the kinetic chain of the specific movement of throwing in handball, thus, increasing throwing velocity.

No MeSH data available.


Crunch or curl-up with Swiss ball
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j_hukin-2017-0035_fig_001: Crunch or curl-up with Swiss ball

Mentions: Group E participated in a core training program for a period of 10 weeks; it consisted of three sessions performed after the general warmup during three of the team’s regular training sessions. Each of the specific core sessions consisted of seven exercises focused on improving the kinetic chain of movement involved in the action of throwing, one for the lower part of the rectus abdominis, two for the middle region (external and internal oblique muscles), two for the upper part of the rectus abdominis and two for the posterior region (lumbar and gluteal muscles). According to Has et al. (2001), muscular strength and endurance can be developed through both dynamic and static exercises, including trunk flexion exercises (Picture 1), lateral rotation and flexion (Picture 2) and spinal stabilization exercises (Picture 3). Consequently, each session consisted of an equal amount of both types of exercise. In addition, according to research carried out by Fleck and Schutt (1983), repetition of solely isometric exercises can reduce participant’s motivation.


Effect of Core Training on Male Handball Players ’ Throwing Velocity
Crunch or curl-up with Swiss ball
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC5384065&req=5

j_hukin-2017-0035_fig_001: Crunch or curl-up with Swiss ball
Mentions: Group E participated in a core training program for a period of 10 weeks; it consisted of three sessions performed after the general warmup during three of the team’s regular training sessions. Each of the specific core sessions consisted of seven exercises focused on improving the kinetic chain of movement involved in the action of throwing, one for the lower part of the rectus abdominis, two for the middle region (external and internal oblique muscles), two for the upper part of the rectus abdominis and two for the posterior region (lumbar and gluteal muscles). According to Has et al. (2001), muscular strength and endurance can be developed through both dynamic and static exercises, including trunk flexion exercises (Picture 1), lateral rotation and flexion (Picture 2) and spinal stabilization exercises (Picture 3). Consequently, each session consisted of an equal amount of both types of exercise. In addition, according to research carried out by Fleck and Schutt (1983), repetition of solely isometric exercises can reduce participant’s motivation.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

In handball, throwing velocity is considered to be one of the essential factors in achieving the ultimate aim of scoring a goal. The objective of the present study was to analyze the effect of a core training program on throwing velocity in 30 handball players (age 18.7 ± 3.4 years, body height 179.3 ± 7.0 cm, body mass 78.9 ± 7.7 kg), 16 of whom were in the junior category and 14 of whom were in the senior category. The 30 players were randomly divided into two groups, the control group (n = 15) and the experimental group (n = 15). For a period of ten weeks, both groups attended their regular handball training sessions (four per week), but in addition, the experimental group participated in a program specifically aimed at progressively strengthening the lumbo-pelvic region and consisting of seven exercises performed after the general warm-up in each regular session. Pre- and post-tests were carried out to analyze each player’s throwing velocity from different throwing positions and thus assess the effects of this specific training program. Statistically significant differences (p ≤ 0.05) in throwing velocity were observed between the experimental group, which presented a percentage improvement of 4.5%, and the control group, which did not show any improvement. The results seem to indicate that an increase in the strength and stability of the lumbo-pelvic region can contribute to an improvement in the kinetic chain of the specific movement of throwing in handball, thus, increasing throwing velocity.

No MeSH data available.