Limits...
Can Different Complex Training Improve the Individual Phenomenon of Post-Activation Potentiation?

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

The aims of the present study were (a) to determine whether the two types of complex training and vibration complex training would improve the individual phenomenon of post-activation potentiation (PAP) for every athlete in a team setting; and (b) to compare the acute effect of resistance and plyometric exercise, whole body vibration, complex training and vibration complex training on vertical jump performance. The participants were ten male division I college volleyball and basketball players. They were asked to perform three vertical jumps as a pre-test and were then randomly assigned to one of five PAP protocols, resistance exercise using half squat exercise, plyometric exercise using drop jumps with individualized drop height, whole body vibration using squats on a vibration plate, complex training combining resistance exercise with plyometric exercise, vibration complex training combining whole body vibration with plyometric exercise. Three vertical jumps were performed four minutes after the PAP protocol as a post-test. A two-way repeated-measures analysis of variance was used to examine the differences among the five PAP protocols and between the two testing times. Our results showed that the post-test results were significantly improved compared to the pre-test for the vertical jump height (p = .015) in all PAP protocols. There was, however, an individual phenomenon of PAP in the response to all PAP protocols. In conclusion, this study found that resistance and plyometric exercise, whole body vibration, complex training and vibration complex training induce similar group PAP benefits. However, some athletes decreased their performances in some of the exercises in the study. Therefore, it is not recommended for coaches to arrange the exercises in a team setting.

No MeSH data available.


Schematic diagram of the experimental procedures.Three VJs were performed before (pre-test) and after (post-test) the PAP protocol, which included PE, WBV, RE, CT and VCT. Each PAP protocol was performed on separate days.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection


getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC5384064&req=5

j_hukin-2017-0034_fig_001: Schematic diagram of the experimental procedures.Three VJs were performed before (pre-test) and after (post-test) the PAP protocol, which included PE, WBV, RE, CT and VCT. Each PAP protocol was performed on separate days.

Mentions: After the 5 RM squat and drop jump testing, five different PAP protocols were performed on five separate days. A standardised warm up, comprised of light intensity cycling for five minutes at slow pace and a series of dynamic stretches for five minutes, was performed before testing. After the warm-up, each participant performed three VJs with a 20 s rest between each trial as a baseline (pre-test) (Jensen and Ebben, 2003). After the three VJ pre-tests, a one minute rest was taken, followed by one of five different PAP protocols (three single conditioning exercises and two complex training modalities): RE, PE, WBV, CT and VCT. RE consisted of one set of five repetitions of 5 RM squat (90° of knee flexion) without rest between repetitions. PE was comprised of one set of five repetitions of each individual’s drop jump height with a 5 s rest between repetitions. WBV consisted of three exposures × 10 s with 1 min of rest between exposures, a 30 Hz frequency and 2.5 mm amplitude (peak to peak). The participants placed their hands on the hips and squatted (90°of knee flexion) on a vibration plate, which administered a pivotal vibration (TVR-4900, Tonic Fitness Technology, INC., Taipei, Taiwan). CT consisted of RE followed by PE with a 4 min rest. VCT included WBV followed by PE with a 4 min rest period. Lastly, the participants had a 4 min rest after completion of the PAP protocol and then performed three VJs (post-test). A schematic diagram of the experimental procedure is shown in Figure 1.


Can Different Complex Training Improve the Individual Phenomenon of Post-Activation Potentiation?
Schematic diagram of the experimental procedures.Three VJs were performed before (pre-test) and after (post-test) the PAP protocol, which included PE, WBV, RE, CT and VCT. Each PAP protocol was performed on separate days.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC5384064&req=5

j_hukin-2017-0034_fig_001: Schematic diagram of the experimental procedures.Three VJs were performed before (pre-test) and after (post-test) the PAP protocol, which included PE, WBV, RE, CT and VCT. Each PAP protocol was performed on separate days.
Mentions: After the 5 RM squat and drop jump testing, five different PAP protocols were performed on five separate days. A standardised warm up, comprised of light intensity cycling for five minutes at slow pace and a series of dynamic stretches for five minutes, was performed before testing. After the warm-up, each participant performed three VJs with a 20 s rest between each trial as a baseline (pre-test) (Jensen and Ebben, 2003). After the three VJ pre-tests, a one minute rest was taken, followed by one of five different PAP protocols (three single conditioning exercises and two complex training modalities): RE, PE, WBV, CT and VCT. RE consisted of one set of five repetitions of 5 RM squat (90° of knee flexion) without rest between repetitions. PE was comprised of one set of five repetitions of each individual’s drop jump height with a 5 s rest between repetitions. WBV consisted of three exposures × 10 s with 1 min of rest between exposures, a 30 Hz frequency and 2.5 mm amplitude (peak to peak). The participants placed their hands on the hips and squatted (90°of knee flexion) on a vibration plate, which administered a pivotal vibration (TVR-4900, Tonic Fitness Technology, INC., Taipei, Taiwan). CT consisted of RE followed by PE with a 4 min rest. VCT included WBV followed by PE with a 4 min rest period. Lastly, the participants had a 4 min rest after completion of the PAP protocol and then performed three VJs (post-test). A schematic diagram of the experimental procedure is shown in Figure 1.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

The aims of the present study were (a) to determine whether the two types of complex training and vibration complex training would improve the individual phenomenon of post-activation potentiation (PAP) for every athlete in a team setting; and (b) to compare the acute effect of resistance and plyometric exercise, whole body vibration, complex training and vibration complex training on vertical jump performance. The participants were ten male division I college volleyball and basketball players. They were asked to perform three vertical jumps as a pre-test and were then randomly assigned to one of five PAP protocols, resistance exercise using half squat exercise, plyometric exercise using drop jumps with individualized drop height, whole body vibration using squats on a vibration plate, complex training combining resistance exercise with plyometric exercise, vibration complex training combining whole body vibration with plyometric exercise. Three vertical jumps were performed four minutes after the PAP protocol as a post-test. A two-way repeated-measures analysis of variance was used to examine the differences among the five PAP protocols and between the two testing times. Our results showed that the post-test results were significantly improved compared to the pre-test for the vertical jump height (p = .015) in all PAP protocols. There was, however, an individual phenomenon of PAP in the response to all PAP protocols. In conclusion, this study found that resistance and plyometric exercise, whole body vibration, complex training and vibration complex training induce similar group PAP benefits. However, some athletes decreased their performances in some of the exercises in the study. Therefore, it is not recommended for coaches to arrange the exercises in a team setting.

No MeSH data available.