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Mechanisms linking authentic leadership to emotional exhaustion: The role of procedural justice and emotional demands in a moderated mediation approach

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

In order to gain more knowledge on how the positive leadership concept of authentic leadership impacts follower strain, this study tries to uncover procedural justice as an underlying mechanism. In contrast to previous work, we exclusively base our theoretical model on justice theories. Specifically, we hypothesize that authentic leadership negatively predicts emotional exhaustion through perceptions of procedural justice. We assume that this indirect effect is conditional on followers’ amount of emotional demands, and that the procedural justice-emotional exhaustion relationship is stronger when emotional demands are high. This finally results in a stronger exhaustion-reducing effect of authentic leadership. The proposed moderated mediation model was tested in a sample of N=628 employees nested in 168 teams using lagged data from three waves. Results provide support for all hypotheses. Authentic leadership is critical to employees’ well-being as it contributes to an elevated perception of positive work conditions (procedural justice), especially in contexts with high emotional demands. Limitations and practical implications on leadership development are discussed.

No MeSH data available.


Estimated structural equation model. Please note, that the model depicted does not perfectly fit the estimated structural equation model, especially regarding the interaction effect. In fact, this effect was estimated as a latent interaction effect. **p<.05, *<.01.
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fig_003: Estimated structural equation model. Please note, that the model depicted does not perfectly fit the estimated structural equation model, especially regarding the interaction effect. In fact, this effect was estimated as a latent interaction effect. **p<.05, *<.01.


Mechanisms linking authentic leadership to emotional exhaustion: The role of procedural justice and emotional demands in a moderated mediation approach
Estimated structural equation model. Please note, that the model depicted does not perfectly fit the estimated structural equation model, especially regarding the interaction effect. In fact, this effect was estimated as a latent interaction effect. **p<.05, *<.01.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC5383407&req=5

fig_003: Estimated structural equation model. Please note, that the model depicted does not perfectly fit the estimated structural equation model, especially regarding the interaction effect. In fact, this effect was estimated as a latent interaction effect. **p<.05, *<.01.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

In order to gain more knowledge on how the positive leadership concept of authentic leadership impacts follower strain, this study tries to uncover procedural justice as an underlying mechanism. In contrast to previous work, we exclusively base our theoretical model on justice theories. Specifically, we hypothesize that authentic leadership negatively predicts emotional exhaustion through perceptions of procedural justice. We assume that this indirect effect is conditional on followers&rsquo; amount of emotional demands, and that the procedural justice-emotional exhaustion relationship is stronger when emotional demands are high. This finally results in a stronger exhaustion-reducing effect of authentic leadership. The proposed moderated mediation model was tested in a sample of N=628 employees nested in 168 teams using lagged data from three waves. Results provide support for all hypotheses. Authentic leadership is critical to employees&rsquo; well-being as it contributes to an elevated perception of positive work conditions (procedural justice), especially in contexts with high emotional demands. Limitations and practical implications on leadership development are discussed.

No MeSH data available.