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Expression of surface and intracellular Toll-like receptors by mature mast cells

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

Nowadays, more and more data indicate that mast cells play an important role in host defense against pathogens. That is why it is essential to understand the expression of Toll-like receptors (TLRs) by mast cells, because these molecules play particularly significant role in initiation host defense against microorganisms as they recognize both wide range of microbial pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) and various endogenous damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs) released in response to infection. Therefore, we examined the constitutive expression of both surface and endosomal TLRs in rat native fully mature tissue mast cells. By the use of qRT-PCR we found that these cells express mRNAs for TLR2, TLR3, TLR4, TLR5, TLR7, and TLR9. The expression of TLR3, TLR4, TLR5, TLR7, and TLR9 transcripts were low and comparable and only the expression of TLR2 transcript was significant. By the use of flow cytometry technique, we clearly documented that mast cells express TLR2, TLR4, and TLR5 on cell surface, while TLR3, TLR7, and TLR9 proteins are located both on the cell membrane and intracellularly. The highest expression was observed for TLR5 and the lowest for surface TLR7. These observations undoubtedly indicate that mature tissue mast cells have a broad set of TLR molecules, thus can recognize and bind bacterial, viral, and fungal PAMPs as well as various endogenous molecules generated in response to infection.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Constitutive mRNA expression of TLRs in freshly isolated rat peritoneal mast cells. TLR2, TLR3, TLR4, TLR5, TLR7, and TLR9 mRNA expression were examined by qRT-PCR. Relative expression levels of TLR mRNAs, normalized to housekeeping gene β-actin. Each bar represents the mean ± SEM of four experiments performed
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f0001: Constitutive mRNA expression of TLRs in freshly isolated rat peritoneal mast cells. TLR2, TLR3, TLR4, TLR5, TLR7, and TLR9 mRNA expression were examined by qRT-PCR. Relative expression levels of TLR mRNAs, normalized to housekeeping gene β-actin. Each bar represents the mean ± SEM of four experiments performed

Mentions: In this study, we determined the expression of TLRs in freshly isolated mature rat mast cells using qRT-PCR and flow cytometry. We first examined TLR2, TLR3, TLR4, TLR5, TLR7, and TLR9 transcript levels by qrt-PCR. We found that naive mature mast cells express mRNA for all the studied receptors (Fig. 1). It is necessary to point out that the expression of TLR3, TLR4, TLR5, TLR7, and TLR9 transcripts were low and comparable. Only the expression of TLR2 transcript was significant and up to six times higher than those. Controls without reverse transcriptase confirmed that the source of the products was indeed from mRNA, and not from contaminating genomic DNA.


Expression of surface and intracellular Toll-like receptors by mature mast cells
Constitutive mRNA expression of TLRs in freshly isolated rat peritoneal mast cells. TLR2, TLR3, TLR4, TLR5, TLR7, and TLR9 mRNA expression were examined by qRT-PCR. Relative expression levels of TLR mRNAs, normalized to housekeeping gene β-actin. Each bar represents the mean ± SEM of four experiments performed
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC5382879&req=5

f0001: Constitutive mRNA expression of TLRs in freshly isolated rat peritoneal mast cells. TLR2, TLR3, TLR4, TLR5, TLR7, and TLR9 mRNA expression were examined by qRT-PCR. Relative expression levels of TLR mRNAs, normalized to housekeeping gene β-actin. Each bar represents the mean ± SEM of four experiments performed
Mentions: In this study, we determined the expression of TLRs in freshly isolated mature rat mast cells using qRT-PCR and flow cytometry. We first examined TLR2, TLR3, TLR4, TLR5, TLR7, and TLR9 transcript levels by qrt-PCR. We found that naive mature mast cells express mRNA for all the studied receptors (Fig. 1). It is necessary to point out that the expression of TLR3, TLR4, TLR5, TLR7, and TLR9 transcripts were low and comparable. Only the expression of TLR2 transcript was significant and up to six times higher than those. Controls without reverse transcriptase confirmed that the source of the products was indeed from mRNA, and not from contaminating genomic DNA.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

Nowadays, more and more data indicate that mast cells play an important role in host defense against pathogens. That is why it is essential to understand the expression of Toll-like receptors (TLRs) by mast cells, because these molecules play particularly significant role in initiation host defense against microorganisms as they recognize both wide range of microbial pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) and various endogenous damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs) released in response to infection. Therefore, we examined the constitutive expression of both surface and endosomal TLRs in rat native fully mature tissue mast cells. By the use of qRT-PCR we found that these cells express mRNAs for TLR2, TLR3, TLR4, TLR5, TLR7, and TLR9. The expression of TLR3, TLR4, TLR5, TLR7, and TLR9 transcripts were low and comparable and only the expression of TLR2 transcript was significant. By the use of flow cytometry technique, we clearly documented that mast cells express TLR2, TLR4, and TLR5 on cell surface, while TLR3, TLR7, and TLR9 proteins are located both on the cell membrane and intracellularly. The highest expression was observed for TLR5 and the lowest for surface TLR7. These observations undoubtedly indicate that mature tissue mast cells have a broad set of TLR molecules, thus can recognize and bind bacterial, viral, and fungal PAMPs as well as various endogenous molecules generated in response to infection.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus