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Epidemiology and outcome analysis of 6325 burn patients: a five-year retrospective study in a major burn center in Southwest China

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ABSTRACT

Burns are a major cause of injury worldwide. We investigated the epidemiology and outcomes of burn patients in a major burn center in southwest China between 2011 and 2015 to provide guidance for burn prevention. Of the 6,325 included burn patients, 66.8% were male and 34.7% were 0 ~ 6 years old. The incidence of burns peaked in autumn. Scald was the most common cause of burns, which was predominant in patients aged 0 ~ 6 years. The mean total body surface area (TBSA) of burns was 13.4%, and patients with burns ≤10% TBSA comprised 64.1% of all cases. Patients with full-thickness burns accounted for 40.1% of all patients and 81.0% of operated patients; these burns were primarily caused by flame (34.8%), scald (21.0%), and electricity (20.4%). Fifty-six deaths occurred (mortality 0.9%), and risk factors included full-thickness burns, larger TBSA and older age. The median length of stay was 17 days, and major risk factors included more operations, better outcomes and larger TBSA. Our data showed that closer attention should be paid to children under 6 years old, males, incidents in autumn and scald burns to prevent burn injuries. Furthermore, individualized burn prevention and treatment measures based on related risk factors should be adopted.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Distribution of gender, age and month.(A) Number of patients by gender each year. (B) Age distribution of all burn patients. (C) Number of patients by gender each month. (D) The distribution of burn causes by month.
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f1: Distribution of gender, age and month.(A) Number of patients by gender each year. (B) Age distribution of all burn patients. (C) Number of patients by gender each month. (D) The distribution of burn causes by month.

Mentions: From January 2011 to December 2015, 6325 burn patients were included in this study. Overall, the number of patients admitted per year exhibited a significantly decreasing trend over the five-year period, with an average admission rate of 1265 patients per year (Fig. 1A).


Epidemiology and outcome analysis of 6325 burn patients: a five-year retrospective study in a major burn center in Southwest China
Distribution of gender, age and month.(A) Number of patients by gender each year. (B) Age distribution of all burn patients. (C) Number of patients by gender each month. (D) The distribution of burn causes by month.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC5382583&req=5

f1: Distribution of gender, age and month.(A) Number of patients by gender each year. (B) Age distribution of all burn patients. (C) Number of patients by gender each month. (D) The distribution of burn causes by month.
Mentions: From January 2011 to December 2015, 6325 burn patients were included in this study. Overall, the number of patients admitted per year exhibited a significantly decreasing trend over the five-year period, with an average admission rate of 1265 patients per year (Fig. 1A).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

Burns are a major cause of injury worldwide. We investigated the epidemiology and outcomes of burn patients in a major burn center in southwest China between 2011 and 2015 to provide guidance for burn prevention. Of the 6,325 included burn patients, 66.8% were male and 34.7% were 0 ~ 6 years old. The incidence of burns peaked in autumn. Scald was the most common cause of burns, which was predominant in patients aged 0 ~ 6 years. The mean total body surface area (TBSA) of burns was 13.4%, and patients with burns ≤10% TBSA comprised 64.1% of all cases. Patients with full-thickness burns accounted for 40.1% of all patients and 81.0% of operated patients; these burns were primarily caused by flame (34.8%), scald (21.0%), and electricity (20.4%). Fifty-six deaths occurred (mortality 0.9%), and risk factors included full-thickness burns, larger TBSA and older age. The median length of stay was 17 days, and major risk factors included more operations, better outcomes and larger TBSA. Our data showed that closer attention should be paid to children under 6 years old, males, incidents in autumn and scald burns to prevent burn injuries. Furthermore, individualized burn prevention and treatment measures based on related risk factors should be adopted.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus