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Production parameters and pig production cost: temporal evolution 2010 – 2014

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ABSTRACT

Background: The assessment of the cost of production and the relative weight of the different production parameters is very important in pig farming. The goals of the present work were 1) to describe reliable reference values for production parameters and pig production cost from 2010 to 2014, 2) to describe their temporal evolution and 3) to determine the influence of the pig company size on them. Between 61 and 107 pig production companies from Spain were included in this study from 2010 to 2014. These companies sent data on feed consumption, number of pig produced, expenses and census every month. Sip consultors SL standardized collected data and calculate cost and production parameters to obtain values comparables between the different pig production companies. The collected data each month were merged to obtain a yearly average value taking into account the pig production flow each month. A suitable statistical analysis was carried out to tackle the goals.

Results: The production performance has been continuously improving in the piglet production and fattening phase from 2010 to 2014. Thus, the number of piglets by sow and year will increase 0.5 pigs by year and the total feed conversion rate will decrease approximately 0.03 kg feed/kg gain by year in the future if the same tendency continues. However, feed price has been steadily increasing from 2010 to 2012 and decreasing afterwards and the total cost per kilogram produced has followed a similar pattern. This result highlights the relevance of the feed price in the final cost in spite of continuous improvement in production performance across years. Finally, pig company size affected most of the production parameters studied. Thus, the best technical parameters were obtained for companies with less than 5000 sows. However, the opposite tendency is observed for feed price where the highest value was observed for the smallest companies.

Conclusions: Pig production parameters have generally improved in the last five years but this improvement did not directly imply a reduction in pig production cost due to the high feed prices during the period 2010–2013.

Electronic supplementary material: The online version of this article (doi:10.1186/s40813-016-0027-0) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

No MeSH data available.


Temporal evolution of number of piglets born alive (a), preweaning mortality (b), number of piglets weaned by sow (c) and number of piglets produced by sow and year (d) during piglet production phase from 2010 to 2014 in Spain. Values with different superscripts differ significantly between years at P < 0.05
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Fig1: Temporal evolution of number of piglets born alive (a), preweaning mortality (b), number of piglets weaned by sow (c) and number of piglets produced by sow and year (d) during piglet production phase from 2010 to 2014 in Spain. Values with different superscripts differ significantly between years at P < 0.05

Mentions: The number of piglets per sow and year has been increasing every year due to a parallel increase in the number of piglets born and weaned by sow during each production cycle. Curiously, this increase in prolificacy has not implied an increase in the preweaning mortality across years (Fig. 1). However, sow feed price and the cost of production of a weaned piglet have been steadily increasing from 2010 to 2012 and decreasing afterwards (Fig. 2). In any case, sow feed price in 2014 was significantly higher than in 2010. On the other hand, kilograms of sow feed per weaned piglet have been steadily decreasing in the last five years. Pig company size was significantly affecting most of the parameters studied with the exception of number of cycles by sow and year (Table 1). Curiously, in general terms, the best technical parameters were obtained for companies with less than 5000 sows (Table 1). However, the bigger the pig size company is, the lower the sow feed price is. Nevertheless, the cost per weaned piglet in the smallest companies (<5000 sows) is significantly lower than in the biggest ones (>5000 sows). Finally, a complete descriptive statistics is provided by year in this phase (Additional file 1: Table S1 and S2).Fig. 1


Production parameters and pig production cost: temporal evolution 2010 – 2014
Temporal evolution of number of piglets born alive (a), preweaning mortality (b), number of piglets weaned by sow (c) and number of piglets produced by sow and year (d) during piglet production phase from 2010 to 2014 in Spain. Values with different superscripts differ significantly between years at P < 0.05
© Copyright Policy - OpenAccess
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC5382395&req=5

Fig1: Temporal evolution of number of piglets born alive (a), preweaning mortality (b), number of piglets weaned by sow (c) and number of piglets produced by sow and year (d) during piglet production phase from 2010 to 2014 in Spain. Values with different superscripts differ significantly between years at P < 0.05
Mentions: The number of piglets per sow and year has been increasing every year due to a parallel increase in the number of piglets born and weaned by sow during each production cycle. Curiously, this increase in prolificacy has not implied an increase in the preweaning mortality across years (Fig. 1). However, sow feed price and the cost of production of a weaned piglet have been steadily increasing from 2010 to 2012 and decreasing afterwards (Fig. 2). In any case, sow feed price in 2014 was significantly higher than in 2010. On the other hand, kilograms of sow feed per weaned piglet have been steadily decreasing in the last five years. Pig company size was significantly affecting most of the parameters studied with the exception of number of cycles by sow and year (Table 1). Curiously, in general terms, the best technical parameters were obtained for companies with less than 5000 sows (Table 1). However, the bigger the pig size company is, the lower the sow feed price is. Nevertheless, the cost per weaned piglet in the smallest companies (<5000 sows) is significantly lower than in the biggest ones (>5000 sows). Finally, a complete descriptive statistics is provided by year in this phase (Additional file 1: Table S1 and S2).Fig. 1

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

Background: The assessment of the cost of production and the relative weight of the different production parameters is very important in pig farming. The goals of the present work were 1) to describe reliable reference values for production parameters and pig production cost from 2010 to 2014, 2) to describe their temporal evolution and 3) to determine the influence of the pig company size on them. Between 61 and 107 pig production companies from Spain were included in this study from 2010 to 2014. These companies sent data on feed consumption, number of pig produced, expenses and census every month. Sip consultors SL standardized collected data and calculate cost and production parameters to obtain values comparables between the different pig production companies. The collected data each month were merged to obtain a yearly average value taking into account the pig production flow each month. A suitable statistical analysis was carried out to tackle the goals.

Results: The production performance has been continuously improving in the piglet production and fattening phase from 2010 to 2014. Thus, the number of piglets by sow and year will increase 0.5 pigs by year and the total feed conversion rate will decrease approximately 0.03&nbsp;kg feed/kg gain by year in the future if the same tendency continues. However, feed price has been steadily increasing from 2010 to 2012 and decreasing afterwards and the total cost per kilogram produced has followed a similar pattern. This result highlights the relevance of the feed price in the final cost in spite of continuous improvement in production performance across years. Finally, pig company size affected most of the production parameters studied. Thus, the best technical parameters were obtained for companies with less than 5000 sows. However, the opposite tendency is observed for feed price where the highest value was observed for the smallest companies.

Conclusions: Pig production parameters have generally improved in the last five years but this improvement did not directly imply a reduction in pig production cost due to the high feed prices during the period 2010&ndash;2013.

Electronic supplementary material: The online version of this article (doi:10.1186/s40813-016-0027-0) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

No MeSH data available.