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Immigrant Arrival and Tuberculosis among Large Immigrant- and Refugee-Receiving Countries, 2005 – 2009

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ABSTRACT

Objective. Tuberculosis control in foreign-born populations is a major public health concern for Australia, Canada, New Zealand, United Kingdom, and the United States, large immigrant- and refugee-receiving countries that comprise the Immigration and Refugee Health Working Group (IRHWG). Identifying and comparing immigration and distribution of foreign-born tuberculosis cases are important for developing targeted and collaborative interventions. Methods. Data stratified by year and country of birth from 2005 to 2009 were received from these five countries. Immigration totals, tuberculosis case totals, and multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR TB) case totals from source countries were analyzed and compared to reveal similarities and differences for each member of the group. Results. Between 2005 and 2009, there were a combined 31,785,002 arrivals, 77,905 tuberculosis cases, and 888 MDR TB cases notified at the federal level in the IRHWG countries. India, China, Vietnam, and the Philippines accounted for 41.4% of the total foreign-born tuberculosis cases and 42.7% of the foreign-born MDR tuberculosis cases to IRHWG. Interpretation. Collaborative efforts across a small number of countries have the potential to yield sizeable gains in tuberculosis control for these large immigrant- and refugee-receiving countries.

No MeSH data available.


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Combined averages of MDR TB cases, 2005–2009.
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fig3: Combined averages of MDR TB cases, 2005–2009.

Mentions: Between 2005 and 2009, there were 31,785,002 arrivals, 77,905 TB cases, and 888 MDR TB cases notified in these five countries. The data in Figures 1–3 represent the averages of each source country in respect to total arrivals, total TB cases, and total MDR TB cases from 2005 to 2009. The top five source countries for combined adjusted total arrivals (Figure 1) included India (11.5%), United Kingdom (8.6%), New Zealand (8.6%), China (8.3%), and the Philippines (4.1%), while the top five source countries for combined adjusted total tuberculosis cases (Figure 2) were India (19.0%), the Philippines (8.5%), China (8.3%), Vietnam (5.5%), and Mexico (5.0%). Similarly, the top five source countries for combined adjusted total MDR TB cases (Figure 3) were India (15.6%), China (14.7%), Papua New Guinea (8.5%), the Philippines (6.8%), and Vietnam (5.6%).


Immigrant Arrival and Tuberculosis among Large Immigrant- and Refugee-Receiving Countries, 2005 – 2009
Combined averages of MDR TB cases, 2005–2009.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC5382300&req=5

fig3: Combined averages of MDR TB cases, 2005–2009.
Mentions: Between 2005 and 2009, there were 31,785,002 arrivals, 77,905 TB cases, and 888 MDR TB cases notified in these five countries. The data in Figures 1–3 represent the averages of each source country in respect to total arrivals, total TB cases, and total MDR TB cases from 2005 to 2009. The top five source countries for combined adjusted total arrivals (Figure 1) included India (11.5%), United Kingdom (8.6%), New Zealand (8.6%), China (8.3%), and the Philippines (4.1%), while the top five source countries for combined adjusted total tuberculosis cases (Figure 2) were India (19.0%), the Philippines (8.5%), China (8.3%), Vietnam (5.5%), and Mexico (5.0%). Similarly, the top five source countries for combined adjusted total MDR TB cases (Figure 3) were India (15.6%), China (14.7%), Papua New Guinea (8.5%), the Philippines (6.8%), and Vietnam (5.6%).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

Objective. Tuberculosis control in foreign-born populations is a major public health concern for Australia, Canada, New Zealand, United Kingdom, and the United States, large immigrant- and refugee-receiving countries that comprise the Immigration and Refugee Health Working Group (IRHWG). Identifying and comparing immigration and distribution of foreign-born tuberculosis cases are important for developing targeted and collaborative interventions. Methods. Data stratified by year and country of birth from 2005 to 2009 were received from these five countries. Immigration totals, tuberculosis case totals, and multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR TB) case totals from source countries were analyzed and compared to reveal similarities and differences for each member of the group. Results. Between 2005 and 2009, there were a combined 31,785,002 arrivals, 77,905 tuberculosis cases, and 888 MDR TB cases notified at the federal level in the IRHWG countries. India, China, Vietnam, and the Philippines accounted for 41.4% of the total foreign-born tuberculosis cases and 42.7% of the foreign-born MDR tuberculosis cases to IRHWG. Interpretation. Collaborative efforts across a small number of countries have the potential to yield sizeable gains in tuberculosis control for these large immigrant- and refugee-receiving countries.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus