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Formation of Gold Microparticles by Ablation with Surface Plasmons

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

The formation of gold microparticles on a silicon substrate through the use of energetic surface plasmons is reported. A laser-assisted plasmonics system was assembled and tested to synthesize gold particles from gold thin film by electrical field enhancement mechanism. A mask containing an array of 200 nm diameter holes with a periodicity of 400 nm was prepared and placed on a silicon substrate. The mask was composed of 60 µm thick porous alumina membrane sputter-coated with 100 nm thin gold film. A Nd:YAG laser with 1064 nm wavelength and 230 µs pulse width (free-running mode) was then passed through the mask at an energy fluence of 0.35 J/cm2. The extraordinary transmission of laser light through alumina/gold micro-hole optical antenna created both extended and localized surface plasmons that caused the gold film at the bottom of the mask to fragment into microparticles and deposit on the silicon substrate that is in direct contact with the mask. The surface plasmon method is simpler, quicker, more energy efficient, and environmentally safer than existing physical and chemical methods, as well as being contamination-free, and can be extended to all types of materials that will in turn allow for new possibilities in the formation of structured surfaces.

No MeSH data available.


Schematic diagram of experimental excitation of surface plasmons and the resulting formation of microparticles.
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nanomaterials-03-00592-f002: Schematic diagram of experimental excitation of surface plasmons and the resulting formation of microparticles.

Mentions: Figure 2 illustrates the underlying physical mechanism involved in the experiment and its projected effect on the formation of metallic microparticles. In this setup, there are three main components: metal/dielectric mask, silicon substrate and 1064 nm laser.


Formation of Gold Microparticles by Ablation with Surface Plasmons
Schematic diagram of experimental excitation of surface plasmons and the resulting formation of microparticles.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC5304590&req=5

nanomaterials-03-00592-f002: Schematic diagram of experimental excitation of surface plasmons and the resulting formation of microparticles.
Mentions: Figure 2 illustrates the underlying physical mechanism involved in the experiment and its projected effect on the formation of metallic microparticles. In this setup, there are three main components: metal/dielectric mask, silicon substrate and 1064 nm laser.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

The formation of gold microparticles on a silicon substrate through the use of energetic surface plasmons is reported. A laser-assisted plasmonics system was assembled and tested to synthesize gold particles from gold thin film by electrical field enhancement mechanism. A mask containing an array of 200 nm diameter holes with a periodicity of 400 nm was prepared and placed on a silicon substrate. The mask was composed of 60 µm thick porous alumina membrane sputter-coated with 100 nm thin gold film. A Nd:YAG laser with 1064 nm wavelength and 230 µs pulse width (free-running mode) was then passed through the mask at an energy fluence of 0.35 J/cm2. The extraordinary transmission of laser light through alumina/gold micro-hole optical antenna created both extended and localized surface plasmons that caused the gold film at the bottom of the mask to fragment into microparticles and deposit on the silicon substrate that is in direct contact with the mask. The surface plasmon method is simpler, quicker, more energy efficient, and environmentally safer than existing physical and chemical methods, as well as being contamination-free, and can be extended to all types of materials that will in turn allow for new possibilities in the formation of structured surfaces.

No MeSH data available.