Limits...
Prevalence of depression, anxiety, adjustment disorders, and somatoform disorders in patients with age-related macular degeneration in Germany

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

ABSTRACT

Aims:: The purpose of this study was to analyze the prevalence of depression, anxiety, adjustment disorders, and somatoform disorders in patients diagnosed with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in Germany.

Methods:: This study included 7,580 patients between the ages of 40 and 90 diagnosed with AMD between January 2011 and December 2014 in 1,072 primary care practices (index date). The last follow-up was in July 2016. We also included 7,580 controls without AMD, which were matched (1:1) to the AMD cases by age, sex, type of health insurance (private or statutory), physician, and Charlson comorbidity score as a generic marker of comorbidity. The outcome of the study was the prevalence of depression, anxiety, adjustment disorders, and somatoform disorders recorded in the database between the index date and the end of follow-up.

Results:: The mean age among subjects was 75.7 years (SD=10.1 years), 34.0% were men, and 7.8% had private health insurance coverage. The Charlson comorbidity index was 2.0 (SD=1.8). Depression was the most frequent disease (33.7% in AMD patients versus 27.3% in controls), followed by somatoform disorders (19.6% and 16.7%), adjustment disorders (14.8% and 10.5%), and anxiety disorders (11.7% and 8.2%). Depression (OR=1.37, 95% CI: 1.27–1.47), anxiety (OR=1.50, 95% CI: 1.35–1.67), adjustment disorders (OR=1.50, 95% CI: 1.36–1.65), and somatoform disorders (OR=1.22, 95% CI: 1.12–1.32) were all positively associated with AMD.

Conclusion:: Overall, a significant association was found between AMD and depression, anxiety, adjustment disorders, and somatoform disorders.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Prevalence of depression, anxiety, adjustment disorders, and somatoform disorders in patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and controls in general practitioner practices
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC5304565&req=5

Figure 2: Prevalence of depression, anxiety, adjustment disorders, and somatoform disorders in patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and controls in general practitioner practices

Mentions: Patient characteristics are illustrated in Table 1 (Tab. 1). A total of 7,580 AMD cases and 7,580 non-AMD controls were included in the analysis. The mean age of the subjects was 75.7 years (SD=10.1 years), 34.0% were men, and 7.8% had private health insurance coverage. The Charlson comorbidity index was 2.0 (SD=1.8). Figure 2 (Fig. 2) displays the prevalence of the four psychiatric conditions in the AMD and control groups. Depression was the most common disease (33.7% in AMD patients and 27.3% in controls), followed by somatoform disorders (19.6% and 16.7%), adjustment disorders (14.8% and 10.5%), and anxiety disorders (11.7% and 8.2%).


Prevalence of depression, anxiety, adjustment disorders, and somatoform disorders in patients with age-related macular degeneration in Germany
Prevalence of depression, anxiety, adjustment disorders, and somatoform disorders in patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and controls in general practitioner practices
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC5304565&req=5

Figure 2: Prevalence of depression, anxiety, adjustment disorders, and somatoform disorders in patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and controls in general practitioner practices
Mentions: Patient characteristics are illustrated in Table 1 (Tab. 1). A total of 7,580 AMD cases and 7,580 non-AMD controls were included in the analysis. The mean age of the subjects was 75.7 years (SD=10.1 years), 34.0% were men, and 7.8% had private health insurance coverage. The Charlson comorbidity index was 2.0 (SD=1.8). Figure 2 (Fig. 2) displays the prevalence of the four psychiatric conditions in the AMD and control groups. Depression was the most common disease (33.7% in AMD patients and 27.3% in controls), followed by somatoform disorders (19.6% and 16.7%), adjustment disorders (14.8% and 10.5%), and anxiety disorders (11.7% and 8.2%).

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

ABSTRACT

Aims:: The purpose of this study was to analyze the prevalence of depression, anxiety, adjustment disorders, and somatoform disorders in patients diagnosed with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in Germany.

Methods:: This study included 7,580 patients between the ages of 40 and 90 diagnosed with AMD between January 2011 and December 2014 in 1,072 primary care practices (index date). The last follow-up was in July 2016. We also included 7,580 controls without AMD, which were matched (1:1) to the AMD cases by age, sex, type of health insurance (private or statutory), physician, and Charlson comorbidity score as a generic marker of comorbidity. The outcome of the study was the prevalence of depression, anxiety, adjustment disorders, and somatoform disorders recorded in the database between the index date and the end of follow-up.

Results:: The mean age among subjects was 75.7 years (SD=10.1 years), 34.0% were men, and 7.8% had private health insurance coverage. The Charlson comorbidity index was 2.0 (SD=1.8). Depression was the most frequent disease (33.7% in AMD patients versus 27.3% in controls), followed by somatoform disorders (19.6% and 16.7%), adjustment disorders (14.8% and 10.5%), and anxiety disorders (11.7% and 8.2%). Depression (OR=1.37, 95% CI: 1.27–1.47), anxiety (OR=1.50, 95% CI: 1.35–1.67), adjustment disorders (OR=1.50, 95% CI: 1.36–1.65), and somatoform disorders (OR=1.22, 95% CI: 1.12–1.32) were all positively associated with AMD.

Conclusion:: Overall, a significant association was found between AMD and depression, anxiety, adjustment disorders, and somatoform disorders.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus