Limits...
Toxoplasma gondii Elongation Factor 1-Alpha (TgEF-1 α ) Is a Novel Vaccine Candidate Antigen against Toxoplasmosis

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) is an obligate intracellular parasite which can infect almost all warm-blood animals, leading to toxoplasmosis. Screening and discovery of an effective vaccine candidate or new drug target is crucial for the control of this disease. In this study, the recombinant T. gondii elongation factor 1-alpha (rTgEF-1α) was successfully expressed in in Escherichia coli. Passive immunization of mice with anti-rTgEF-1α polyclonal antibody following challenge with a lethal dose of tachyzoites significantly increased the survival time compared with PBS control group. The survival time of mice challenged with tachyzoites pretreated with anti-rTgEF-1α PcAb also was significantly increased. Invasion of tachyzoites into mouse macrophages was significantly inhibited in the anti-rTgEF-1α PcAb pretreated group. Mice vaccinated with rTgEF-1α induced a high level of specific anti-T. gondii antibodies and production of IFN-gamma, interleukin-4. The expression levels of MHC-I and MHC-II molecules as well as the percentages of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells in mice vaccinated with rTgEF-1α was significantly increased, respectively (P < 0.05), compared with all the controls. Immunization with rTgEF-1α significantly (P < 0.05) prolonged survival time (14.53 ± 1.72 days) after challenge infection with the virulent T. gondii RH strain. These results indicate that T. gondii EF-1α plays an essential role in mediating host cell invasion by the parasite and, as such, could be a candidate vaccine antigen against toxoplasmosis.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

The dynamics of specific antibody level in BALB/c mice induced by rTgEF-1α vaccination. (A) Determination of IgG antibodies in the sera of BALB/c mice immunized with rTgEF-1α, Adjuvant, PBS and Blank controls on weeks 0, 2, 4, 6. Determination of IgG subclass (B) IgG1 and (C) IgG2a, (D) levels of class IgA, (E) levels of class IgM, and (F) levels of class IgE in the sera of the immunized BALB/c mice 2 weeks after the last immunization. Results are expressed as mean of the OD450 ± SD (n = 5) and statistically significant difference (∗P < 0.05) and (∗∗P < 0.01).
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC5304420&req=5

Figure 3: The dynamics of specific antibody level in BALB/c mice induced by rTgEF-1α vaccination. (A) Determination of IgG antibodies in the sera of BALB/c mice immunized with rTgEF-1α, Adjuvant, PBS and Blank controls on weeks 0, 2, 4, 6. Determination of IgG subclass (B) IgG1 and (C) IgG2a, (D) levels of class IgA, (E) levels of class IgM, and (F) levels of class IgE in the sera of the immunized BALB/c mice 2 weeks after the last immunization. Results are expressed as mean of the OD450 ± SD (n = 5) and statistically significant difference (∗P < 0.05) and (∗∗P < 0.01).

Mentions: To detect the levels of anti-T. gondii antibodies, all sera were tested by ELISA. As shown in Figure 3A, a significantly higher levels of IgG antibodies were detected in the sera of mice immunized with rTgEF-1a (P < 0.01) versus control groups and the levels of antibodies increased with successive immunizations. As expected, no augmentation in antibody levels was detected in the control mice (Figure 3A). Moreover, both IgG1 and IgG2a were found in the sera of mice vaccinated with rTgEF-1a, which showed a mixed anti-T. gondii IgG1/IgG2a profile (Figures 3B,C). A predominance of IgG2a over IgG1 was observed in the sera of mice immunized with rTgEF-1a, which indicated a shift toward the Th1 type response.


Toxoplasma gondii Elongation Factor 1-Alpha (TgEF-1 α ) Is a Novel Vaccine Candidate Antigen against Toxoplasmosis
The dynamics of specific antibody level in BALB/c mice induced by rTgEF-1α vaccination. (A) Determination of IgG antibodies in the sera of BALB/c mice immunized with rTgEF-1α, Adjuvant, PBS and Blank controls on weeks 0, 2, 4, 6. Determination of IgG subclass (B) IgG1 and (C) IgG2a, (D) levels of class IgA, (E) levels of class IgM, and (F) levels of class IgE in the sera of the immunized BALB/c mice 2 weeks after the last immunization. Results are expressed as mean of the OD450 ± SD (n = 5) and statistically significant difference (∗P < 0.05) and (∗∗P < 0.01).
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC5304420&req=5

Figure 3: The dynamics of specific antibody level in BALB/c mice induced by rTgEF-1α vaccination. (A) Determination of IgG antibodies in the sera of BALB/c mice immunized with rTgEF-1α, Adjuvant, PBS and Blank controls on weeks 0, 2, 4, 6. Determination of IgG subclass (B) IgG1 and (C) IgG2a, (D) levels of class IgA, (E) levels of class IgM, and (F) levels of class IgE in the sera of the immunized BALB/c mice 2 weeks after the last immunization. Results are expressed as mean of the OD450 ± SD (n = 5) and statistically significant difference (∗P < 0.05) and (∗∗P < 0.01).
Mentions: To detect the levels of anti-T. gondii antibodies, all sera were tested by ELISA. As shown in Figure 3A, a significantly higher levels of IgG antibodies were detected in the sera of mice immunized with rTgEF-1a (P < 0.01) versus control groups and the levels of antibodies increased with successive immunizations. As expected, no augmentation in antibody levels was detected in the control mice (Figure 3A). Moreover, both IgG1 and IgG2a were found in the sera of mice vaccinated with rTgEF-1a, which showed a mixed anti-T. gondii IgG1/IgG2a profile (Figures 3B,C). A predominance of IgG2a over IgG1 was observed in the sera of mice immunized with rTgEF-1a, which indicated a shift toward the Th1 type response.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) is an obligate intracellular parasite which can infect almost all warm-blood animals, leading to toxoplasmosis. Screening and discovery of an effective vaccine candidate or new drug target is crucial for the control of this disease. In this study, the recombinant T. gondii elongation factor 1-alpha (rTgEF-1&alpha;) was successfully expressed in in Escherichia coli. Passive immunization of mice with anti-rTgEF-1&alpha; polyclonal antibody following challenge with a lethal dose of tachyzoites significantly increased the survival time compared with PBS control group. The survival time of mice challenged with tachyzoites pretreated with anti-rTgEF-1&alpha; PcAb also was significantly increased. Invasion of tachyzoites into mouse macrophages was significantly inhibited in the anti-rTgEF-1&alpha; PcAb pretreated group. Mice vaccinated with rTgEF-1&alpha; induced a high level of specific anti-T. gondii antibodies and production of IFN-gamma, interleukin-4. The expression levels of MHC-I and MHC-II molecules as well as the percentages of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells in mice vaccinated with rTgEF-1&alpha; was significantly increased, respectively (P &lt; 0.05), compared with all the controls. Immunization with rTgEF-1&alpha; significantly (P &lt; 0.05) prolonged survival time (14.53 &plusmn; 1.72 days) after challenge infection with the virulent T. gondii RH strain. These results indicate that T. gondii EF-1&alpha; plays an essential role in mediating host cell invasion by the parasite and, as such, could be a candidate vaccine antigen against toxoplasmosis.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus