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Training Level Does Not Affect Auditory Perception of The Magnitude of Ball Spin in Table Tennis

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

Identifying the trajectory and spin of the ball with speed and accuracy is critical for good performance in table tennis. The aim of this study was to analyze the ability of table tennis players presenting different levels of training/experience to identify the magnitude of the ball spin from the sound produced when the racket hit the ball. Four types of “forehand” contact sounds were collected in the laboratory, defined as: Fast Spin (spinning ball forward at 140 r/s); Medium Spin (105 r/s); Slow Spin (84 r/s); and Flat Hit (less than 60 r/s). Thirty-four table tennis players of both sexes (24 men and 10 women) aged 18-40 years listened to the sounds and tried to identify the magnitude of the ball spin. The results revealed that in 50.9% of the cases the table tennis players were able to identify the ball spin and the observed number of correct answers (10.2) was significantly higher (χ2 = 270.4, p <0.05) than the number of correct answers that could occur by chance. On the other hand, the results did not show any relationship between the level of training/experience and auditory perception of the ball spin. This indicates that auditory information contributes to identification of the magnitude of the ball spin, however, it also reveals that, in table tennis, the level of training does not interfere with the auditory perception of the ball spin.

No MeSH data available.


Distribution of correct answers of the four spin types considering the number of training hours per weekBox plot showing the distribution of correct answers of the four spin types with the training hours per week. Box plot explanation: upper horizontal line of the box, 75th percentile; lower horizontal line of the box, 25th percentile; horizontal bar within the box, median; upper horizontal bar outside the box, maximum value; lower horizontal bar outside the box, minimum value. Circles represent outliers.
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j_hukin-2017-0003_fig_003: Distribution of correct answers of the four spin types considering the number of training hours per weekBox plot showing the distribution of correct answers of the four spin types with the training hours per week. Box plot explanation: upper horizontal line of the box, 75th percentile; lower horizontal line of the box, 25th percentile; horizontal bar within the box, median; upper horizontal bar outside the box, maximum value; lower horizontal bar outside the box, minimum value. Circles represent outliers.

Mentions: Figure 2 presents the mean and standard deviation values for the total number of correct answers at the four magnitudes of spins for players who trained for up to 15 hours a week and players who trained for more than 16 hours per week. The univariate analyses indicated no differences between hours of weekly training (F(1,32)= 0.034; ρ > 0.05). Table tennis players who trained for up to 15 hours a week presented similar auditory perception of the ball spin to table tennis players who trained for more than 16 hours per week.


Training Level Does Not Affect Auditory Perception of The Magnitude of Ball Spin in Table Tennis
Distribution of correct answers of the four spin types considering the number of training hours per weekBox plot showing the distribution of correct answers of the four spin types with the training hours per week. Box plot explanation: upper horizontal line of the box, 75th percentile; lower horizontal line of the box, 25th percentile; horizontal bar within the box, median; upper horizontal bar outside the box, maximum value; lower horizontal bar outside the box, minimum value. Circles represent outliers.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC5304272&req=5

j_hukin-2017-0003_fig_003: Distribution of correct answers of the four spin types considering the number of training hours per weekBox plot showing the distribution of correct answers of the four spin types with the training hours per week. Box plot explanation: upper horizontal line of the box, 75th percentile; lower horizontal line of the box, 25th percentile; horizontal bar within the box, median; upper horizontal bar outside the box, maximum value; lower horizontal bar outside the box, minimum value. Circles represent outliers.
Mentions: Figure 2 presents the mean and standard deviation values for the total number of correct answers at the four magnitudes of spins for players who trained for up to 15 hours a week and players who trained for more than 16 hours per week. The univariate analyses indicated no differences between hours of weekly training (F(1,32)= 0.034; ρ > 0.05). Table tennis players who trained for up to 15 hours a week presented similar auditory perception of the ball spin to table tennis players who trained for more than 16 hours per week.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

Identifying the trajectory and spin of the ball with speed and accuracy is critical for good performance in table tennis. The aim of this study was to analyze the ability of table tennis players presenting different levels of training/experience to identify the magnitude of the ball spin from the sound produced when the racket hit the ball. Four types of “forehand” contact sounds were collected in the laboratory, defined as: Fast Spin (spinning ball forward at 140 r/s); Medium Spin (105 r/s); Slow Spin (84 r/s); and Flat Hit (less than 60 r/s). Thirty-four table tennis players of both sexes (24 men and 10 women) aged 18-40 years listened to the sounds and tried to identify the magnitude of the ball spin. The results revealed that in 50.9% of the cases the table tennis players were able to identify the ball spin and the observed number of correct answers (10.2) was significantly higher (χ2 = 270.4, p <0.05) than the number of correct answers that could occur by chance. On the other hand, the results did not show any relationship between the level of training/experience and auditory perception of the ball spin. This indicates that auditory information contributes to identification of the magnitude of the ball spin, however, it also reveals that, in table tennis, the level of training does not interfere with the auditory perception of the ball spin.

No MeSH data available.