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The effect of sukha pranayama on anxiety in patients undergoing coronary angiography: a single -blind randomized controlled trial

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ABSTRACT

Introduction:: Anxiety is among the most common problems experienced by coronaryangiography (CA) candidates. Different modalities are used to manage anxiety. This study soughtto examine the effects of a pranayama exercise on CA candidates’ anxiety.

Methods:: This double-blind randomized controlled trial was undertaken in 2015 on 80 eligiblepatients. The patients were randomly allocated to a control and an experimental group. Beforeundergoing angiography, patients in the experimental group performed sukha pranayamaexercises. They were trained to breathe slowly and rhythmically at a rate of ten breathing perminute for five consecutive minutes. Patients in the control group only received routine preangiographycare. Data collection tools were a demographic questionnaire and the SpielbergerState Anxiety Inventory. The level of patients’ anxiety in both groups was measured before, halfan hour after, and one hour after the intervention. The data were analyzed through doing theindependent-sample t and the chi-square tests.

Results:: Before the intervention, the mean of anxiety score in the experimental group was 53.37,which significantly decreased to 40.75 after the intervention (P = 0.0001). In the control group, themean of anxiety score decreased from 54.27 to 51.4. This decrease was not statistically significant.Moreover, between-group comparisons revealed significant differences between the groupsregarding between-measurement mean differences of anxiety score (P < 0.01).

Conclusion:: Sukha pranayama is effective in alleviating CA candidates’ anxiety.

No MeSH data available.


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Mentions: Study findings showed that before the intervention, the difference between the groups concerning the mean score of anxiety was not statistically significant (P = 0.47; Table 2). In the experimental group, the mean score of anxiety at T2 and T3 was significantly lower than the corresponding pretest value by respectively 12.62 and 12.15 points (P = 0.0001). The amount of decrease in the anxiety mean score of the patients in the control group at T2 and T3 was 2.87 and 0.1, none of which was statistically significant (P = 0.87; Table 3). Moreover, between-group comparisons revealed that there were significant differences between the groups regarding T1-T2, T2-T3, and T1-T3 mean differences of the anxiety score (P < 0.05; Table 4)( Figure 2).


The effect of sukha pranayama on anxiety in patients undergoing coronary angiography: a single -blind randomized controlled trial
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC5304100&req=5

Mentions: Study findings showed that before the intervention, the difference between the groups concerning the mean score of anxiety was not statistically significant (P = 0.47; Table 2). In the experimental group, the mean score of anxiety at T2 and T3 was significantly lower than the corresponding pretest value by respectively 12.62 and 12.15 points (P = 0.0001). The amount of decrease in the anxiety mean score of the patients in the control group at T2 and T3 was 2.87 and 0.1, none of which was statistically significant (P = 0.87; Table 3). Moreover, between-group comparisons revealed that there were significant differences between the groups regarding T1-T2, T2-T3, and T1-T3 mean differences of the anxiety score (P < 0.05; Table 4)( Figure 2).

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

ABSTRACT

Introduction:: Anxiety is among the most common problems experienced by coronaryangiography (CA) candidates. Different modalities are used to manage anxiety. This study soughtto examine the effects of a pranayama exercise on CA candidates&rsquo; anxiety.

Methods:: This double-blind randomized controlled trial was undertaken in 2015 on 80 eligiblepatients. The patients were randomly allocated to a control and an experimental group. Beforeundergoing angiography, patients in the experimental group performed sukha pranayamaexercises. They were trained to breathe slowly and rhythmically at a rate of ten breathing perminute for five consecutive minutes. Patients in the control group only received routine preangiographycare. Data collection tools were a demographic questionnaire and the SpielbergerState Anxiety Inventory. The level of patients&rsquo; anxiety in both groups was measured before, halfan hour after, and one hour after the intervention. The data were analyzed through doing theindependent-sample t and the chi-square tests.

Results:: Before the intervention, the mean of anxiety score in the experimental group was 53.37,which significantly decreased to 40.75 after the intervention (P = 0.0001). In the control group, themean of anxiety score decreased from 54.27 to 51.4. This decrease was not statistically significant.Moreover, between-group comparisons revealed significant differences between the groupsregarding between-measurement mean differences of anxiety score (P &lt; 0.01).

Conclusion:: Sukha pranayama is effective in alleviating CA candidates&rsquo; anxiety.

No MeSH data available.