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Transition from glass- to gel-like states in clay at a liquid interface

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

Colloidal clay in water suspensions are known to exhibit a multitude of bulk phases depending on initial colloidal concentration and ionic strength, and examples of this include repulsive Wigner colloidal glasses at low ionic strength and attractive gels at higher ionic strength due to screened electrostatic forces by the electrolyte. From confocal Raman microscopy combined with elasticity measurements, we infer that clay trapped at quasi two-dimensional interfaces between oil and water also exhibit confined glass-like or gel-like states. The results can be important for the preparation of particles stabilized colloidal emulsions or colloidal capsules, and a better understanding of this phenomenon may lead to new emulsion or encapsulation technologies.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

The interfacial viscoelastic moduli for Laponite dispersions (a) Viscous modulus and (b) Elastic modulus in the absence of salt, (c) Viscous modulus and (d) Elastic modulus in the presence of salt.
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f4: The interfacial viscoelastic moduli for Laponite dispersions (a) Viscous modulus and (b) Elastic modulus in the absence of salt, (c) Viscous modulus and (d) Elastic modulus in the presence of salt.

Mentions: The interfacial viscous and elastic dilational moduli measured at two different frequencies for all the suspensions without and with salt are shown in Fig. 4a–d.


Transition from glass- to gel-like states in clay at a liquid interface
The interfacial viscoelastic moduli for Laponite dispersions (a) Viscous modulus and (b) Elastic modulus in the absence of salt, (c) Viscous modulus and (d) Elastic modulus in the presence of salt.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC5121648&req=5

f4: The interfacial viscoelastic moduli for Laponite dispersions (a) Viscous modulus and (b) Elastic modulus in the absence of salt, (c) Viscous modulus and (d) Elastic modulus in the presence of salt.
Mentions: The interfacial viscous and elastic dilational moduli measured at two different frequencies for all the suspensions without and with salt are shown in Fig. 4a–d.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

Colloidal clay in water suspensions are known to exhibit a multitude of bulk phases depending on initial colloidal concentration and ionic strength, and examples of this include repulsive Wigner colloidal glasses at low ionic strength and attractive gels at higher ionic strength due to screened electrostatic forces by the electrolyte. From confocal Raman microscopy combined with elasticity measurements, we infer that clay trapped at quasi two-dimensional interfaces between oil and water also exhibit confined glass-like or gel-like states. The results can be important for the preparation of particles stabilized colloidal emulsions or colloidal capsules, and a better understanding of this phenomenon may lead to new emulsion or encapsulation technologies.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus