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Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D level is associated with myopia in the Korea national health and nutrition examination survey

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

The aim of this article was to assess the associations of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] and daily sun exposure time with myopia in Korean adults.

This study is based on the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) of Korean adults in 2010–2012; multiple logistic regression analyses were performed to examine the associations of serum 25(OH)D levels and daily sun exposure time with myopia, defined as spherical equivalent ≤–0.5D, after adjustment for age, sex, household income, body mass index (BMI), exercise, intraocular pressure (IOP), and education level. Also, multiple linear regression analyses were performed to examine the relationship between serum 25(OH)D levels with spherical equivalent after adjustment for daily sun exposure time in addition to the confounding factors above.

Between the nonmyopic and myopic groups, spherical equivalent, age, IOP, BMI, waist circumference, education level, household income, and area of residence differed significantly (all P < 0.05). Compared with subjects with daily sun exposure time <2 hour, subjects with sun exposure time ≥2 to <5 hour, and those with sun exposure time ≥5 hour had significantly less myopia (P < 0.001). In addition, compared with subjects were categorized into quartiles of serum 25(OH)D, the higher quartiles had gradually lower prevalences of myopia after adjustment for confounding factors (P < 0.001). In multiple linear regression analyses, spherical equivalent was significantly associated with serum 25(OH)D concentration after adjustment for confounding factors (P = 0.002).

Low serum 25(OH)D levels and shorter daily sun exposure time may be independently associated with a high prevalence of myopia in Korean adults. These data suggest a direct role for vitamin D in the development of myopia.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Distribution of daily sun exposure time and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] level according to severity of myopia. (A) The more myopic subjects had less sun exposure time. In contrast, subjects with emmetropia or lower myopia tended to have more sun exposure time. (B) Likewise, the higher myopia subjects had lower levels of serum 25(OH)D. Subjects with emmetropia or lower myopia tended to have higher levels of serum 25(OH)D. The quartile(Q) cutoff values of 25(OH)D (ng/mL) were 1st Q less than 13.2, 2nd Q 13.2 to <16.72, 3rd Q 16.72 to <20.93, and 4th Q greater ≥20.93. D, diopter.
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Figure 1: Distribution of daily sun exposure time and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] level according to severity of myopia. (A) The more myopic subjects had less sun exposure time. In contrast, subjects with emmetropia or lower myopia tended to have more sun exposure time. (B) Likewise, the higher myopia subjects had lower levels of serum 25(OH)D. Subjects with emmetropia or lower myopia tended to have higher levels of serum 25(OH)D. The quartile(Q) cutoff values of 25(OH)D (ng/mL) were 1st Q less than 13.2, 2nd Q 13.2 to <16.72, 3rd Q 16.72 to <20.93, and 4th Q greater ≥20.93. D, diopter.

Mentions: Figure 1 shows the distribution of daily sun exposure time and serum 25(OH)D concentration according to the severity of myopia. The more myopic subjects had less sun exposure. In contrast, subjects with emmetropia or lower myopia had a tendency to receive more sun exposure (Fig. 1A). Likewise, the higher myopia subjects had lower levels of serum 25(OH)D. Emmetropia or less myopic subjects tended to have higher levels of serum 25(OH)D (Fig. 1B).


Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D level is associated with myopia in the Korea national health and nutrition examination survey
Distribution of daily sun exposure time and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] level according to severity of myopia. (A) The more myopic subjects had less sun exposure time. In contrast, subjects with emmetropia or lower myopia tended to have more sun exposure time. (B) Likewise, the higher myopia subjects had lower levels of serum 25(OH)D. Subjects with emmetropia or lower myopia tended to have higher levels of serum 25(OH)D. The quartile(Q) cutoff values of 25(OH)D (ng/mL) were 1st Q less than 13.2, 2nd Q 13.2 to <16.72, 3rd Q 16.72 to <20.93, and 4th Q greater ≥20.93. D, diopter.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC5120893&req=5

Figure 1: Distribution of daily sun exposure time and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] level according to severity of myopia. (A) The more myopic subjects had less sun exposure time. In contrast, subjects with emmetropia or lower myopia tended to have more sun exposure time. (B) Likewise, the higher myopia subjects had lower levels of serum 25(OH)D. Subjects with emmetropia or lower myopia tended to have higher levels of serum 25(OH)D. The quartile(Q) cutoff values of 25(OH)D (ng/mL) were 1st Q less than 13.2, 2nd Q 13.2 to <16.72, 3rd Q 16.72 to <20.93, and 4th Q greater ≥20.93. D, diopter.
Mentions: Figure 1 shows the distribution of daily sun exposure time and serum 25(OH)D concentration according to the severity of myopia. The more myopic subjects had less sun exposure. In contrast, subjects with emmetropia or lower myopia had a tendency to receive more sun exposure (Fig. 1A). Likewise, the higher myopia subjects had lower levels of serum 25(OH)D. Emmetropia or less myopic subjects tended to have higher levels of serum 25(OH)D (Fig. 1B).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

The aim of this article was to assess the associations of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] and daily sun exposure time with myopia in Korean adults.

This study is based on the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) of Korean adults in 2010&ndash;2012; multiple logistic regression analyses were performed to examine the associations of serum 25(OH)D levels and daily sun exposure time with myopia, defined as spherical equivalent &le;&ndash;0.5D, after adjustment for age, sex, household income, body mass index (BMI), exercise, intraocular pressure (IOP), and education level. Also, multiple linear regression analyses were performed to examine the relationship between serum 25(OH)D levels with spherical equivalent after adjustment for daily sun exposure time in addition to the confounding factors above.

Between the nonmyopic and myopic groups, spherical equivalent, age, IOP, BMI, waist circumference, education level, household income, and area of residence differed significantly (all P&#8202;&lt;&#8202;0.05). Compared with subjects with daily sun exposure time &lt;2 hour, subjects with sun exposure time &ge;2 to &lt;5 hour, and those with sun exposure time &ge;5 hour had significantly less myopia (P&#8202;&lt;&#8202;0.001). In addition, compared with subjects were categorized into quartiles of serum 25(OH)D, the higher quartiles had gradually lower prevalences of myopia after adjustment for confounding factors (P&#8202;&lt;&#8202;0.001). In multiple linear regression analyses, spherical equivalent was significantly associated with serum 25(OH)D concentration after adjustment for confounding factors (P&#8202;=&#8202;0.002).

Low serum 25(OH)D levels and shorter daily sun exposure time may be independently associated with a high prevalence of myopia in Korean adults. These data suggest a direct role for vitamin D in the development of myopia.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus