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Overexpressed Proteins in Hypervirulent Clade 8 and Clade 6 Strains of Escherichia coli O157:H7 Compared to E . coli O157:H7 EDL933 Clade 3 Strain

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

Escherichia coli O157:H7 is responsible for severe diarrhea and hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), and predominantly affects children under 5 years. The major virulence traits are Shiga toxins, necessary to develop HUS and the Type III Secretion System (T3SS) through which bacteria translocate effector proteins directly into the host cell. By SNPs typing, E. coli O157:H7 was separated into nine different clades. Clade 8 and clade 6 strains were more frequently associated with severe disease and HUS. In this study, we aimed to identify differentially expressed proteins in two strains of E. coli O157:H7 (clade 8 and clade 6), obtained from cattle and compared them with the well characterized reference EDL933 strain (clade 3). Clade 8 and clade 6 strains show enhanced pathogenicity in a mouse model and virulence-related properties. Proteins were extracted and analyzed using the TMT-6plex labeling strategy associated with two dimensional liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry in tandem. We detected 2241 proteins in the cell extract and 1787 proteins in the culture supernatants. Attention was focused on the proteins related to virulence, overexpressed in clade 6 and 8 strains compared to EDL933 strain. The proteins relevant overexpressed in clade 8 strain were the curli protein CsgC, a transcriptional activator (PchE), phage proteins, Stx2, FlgM and FlgD, a dienelactone hydrolase, CheW and CheY, and the SPATE protease EspP. For clade 6 strain, a high overexpression of phage proteins was detected, mostly from Stx2 encoding phage, including Stx2, flagellin and the protease TagA, EDL933_p0016, dienelactone hydrolase, and Haemolysin A, amongst others with unknown function. Some of these proteins were analyzed by RT-qPCR to corroborate the proteomic data. Clade 6 and clade 8 strains showed enhanced transcription of 10 out of 12 genes compared to EDL933. These results may provide new insights in E. coli O157:H7 mechanisms of pathogenesis.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Differential expression of the proteins of cell extract (1) or culture supernatant (2) of E. coli O157:H7, evaluated by using the TMT-6plex labeling strategy associated with two-dimensional liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry (MS) in tandem.Results are shown as log2 Fold Change Rafaela II (clade 8) vs. EDL933 (A) or 7.1 Anguil (clade 6) vs. EDL933 (B) for each protein. Only proteins that p value <0.05 are presented. Proteins with a >1.2 fold change in each strain are indicated by a circle. Protein identification numbers correspond to S2 Table.
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pone.0166883.g001: Differential expression of the proteins of cell extract (1) or culture supernatant (2) of E. coli O157:H7, evaluated by using the TMT-6plex labeling strategy associated with two-dimensional liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry (MS) in tandem.Results are shown as log2 Fold Change Rafaela II (clade 8) vs. EDL933 (A) or 7.1 Anguil (clade 6) vs. EDL933 (B) for each protein. Only proteins that p value <0.05 are presented. Proteins with a >1.2 fold change in each strain are indicated by a circle. Protein identification numbers correspond to S2 Table.

Mentions: The general picture of significant differential expression in Rafaela II vs. EDL933, and 7.1 Anguil vs. EDL933 is shown (Fig 1). For the Rafaela II vs. EDL comparison, we detected overexpression of proteins related to biological processes of unknown and general function, replication, transcription, recombination and repair, cell motility and carbohydrate transport in the cell extract (Fig 2A). For the 7.1 Anguil vs. EDL933 comparison, we found overexpression of proteins related to biological processes of unknown and general function, pathogenesis, aminoacid and ion transport and metabolism in the cell extract.


Overexpressed Proteins in Hypervirulent Clade 8 and Clade 6 Strains of Escherichia coli O157:H7 Compared to E . coli O157:H7 EDL933 Clade 3 Strain
Differential expression of the proteins of cell extract (1) or culture supernatant (2) of E. coli O157:H7, evaluated by using the TMT-6plex labeling strategy associated with two-dimensional liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry (MS) in tandem.Results are shown as log2 Fold Change Rafaela II (clade 8) vs. EDL933 (A) or 7.1 Anguil (clade 6) vs. EDL933 (B) for each protein. Only proteins that p value <0.05 are presented. Proteins with a >1.2 fold change in each strain are indicated by a circle. Protein identification numbers correspond to S2 Table.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC5120812&req=5

pone.0166883.g001: Differential expression of the proteins of cell extract (1) or culture supernatant (2) of E. coli O157:H7, evaluated by using the TMT-6plex labeling strategy associated with two-dimensional liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry (MS) in tandem.Results are shown as log2 Fold Change Rafaela II (clade 8) vs. EDL933 (A) or 7.1 Anguil (clade 6) vs. EDL933 (B) for each protein. Only proteins that p value <0.05 are presented. Proteins with a >1.2 fold change in each strain are indicated by a circle. Protein identification numbers correspond to S2 Table.
Mentions: The general picture of significant differential expression in Rafaela II vs. EDL933, and 7.1 Anguil vs. EDL933 is shown (Fig 1). For the Rafaela II vs. EDL comparison, we detected overexpression of proteins related to biological processes of unknown and general function, replication, transcription, recombination and repair, cell motility and carbohydrate transport in the cell extract (Fig 2A). For the 7.1 Anguil vs. EDL933 comparison, we found overexpression of proteins related to biological processes of unknown and general function, pathogenesis, aminoacid and ion transport and metabolism in the cell extract.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

Escherichia coli O157:H7 is responsible for severe diarrhea and hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), and predominantly affects children under 5 years. The major virulence traits are Shiga toxins, necessary to develop HUS and the Type III Secretion System (T3SS) through which bacteria translocate effector proteins directly into the host cell. By SNPs typing, E. coli O157:H7 was separated into nine different clades. Clade 8 and clade 6 strains were more frequently associated with severe disease and HUS. In this study, we aimed to identify differentially expressed proteins in two strains of E. coli O157:H7 (clade 8 and clade 6), obtained from cattle and compared them with the well characterized reference EDL933 strain (clade 3). Clade 8 and clade 6 strains show enhanced pathogenicity in a mouse model and virulence-related properties. Proteins were extracted and analyzed using the TMT-6plex labeling strategy associated with two dimensional liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry in tandem. We detected 2241 proteins in the cell extract and 1787 proteins in the culture supernatants. Attention was focused on the proteins related to virulence, overexpressed in clade 6 and 8 strains compared to EDL933 strain. The proteins relevant overexpressed in clade 8 strain were the curli protein CsgC, a transcriptional activator (PchE), phage proteins, Stx2, FlgM and FlgD, a dienelactone hydrolase, CheW and CheY, and the SPATE protease EspP. For clade 6 strain, a high overexpression of phage proteins was detected, mostly from Stx2 encoding phage, including Stx2, flagellin and the protease TagA, EDL933_p0016, dienelactone hydrolase, and Haemolysin A, amongst others with unknown function. Some of these proteins were analyzed by RT-qPCR to corroborate the proteomic data. Clade 6 and clade 8 strains showed enhanced transcription of 10 out of 12 genes compared to EDL933. These results may provide new insights in E. coli O157:H7 mechanisms of pathogenesis.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus