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IgM-Enriched Human Intravenous Immunoglobulin-Based Treatment of Patients With Early Donor Specific Anti-HLA Antibodies After Lung Transplantation

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

Background: At our institution, until April 2013, patients who showed early donor specific anti-HLA antibodies (DSA) after lung transplantation were preemptively treated with therapeutic plasma exchange (tPE) and a single dose of Rituximab. In April 2013, we moved to a therapy based on IgM-enriched human immunoglobulins (IVIG), repeated every 4 weeks, and a single dose of Rituximab.

Methods: This observational study was designed to evaluate the short-term patient and graft survival in patients who underwent IVIG-based DSA treatment (group A, n = 57) versus contemporary patients transplanted between April 2013 and January 2015 without DSA (group C, n = 180), as well as to evaluate DSA clearance in IVIG-treated patients versus historic patients who had undergone tPE-based treatment (group B, n = 56). Patient records were retrospectively reviewed. Follow-up ended on April 1, 2015.

Results: At 6 months and 1 year of follow-up, group A had a survival similar to group C (P = 0.81) but better than group B (P = 0.008). Group A showed statistically nonsignificant trends toward improved freedom from pulsed-steroid therapy and biopsy-confirmed rejection over groups B and C. The DSA clearance was better in group A than group B at treatment end (92% vs 64%; P = 0.002) and last DSA control (90% vs 75%; P = 0.04).

Conclusions: Patients with new early DSA but without graft dysfunction that are treated with IVIG and Rituximab have similarly good early survival as contemporary lung transplant recipients without early DSA. The IVIG yielded increased DSA clearance compared with historic tPE-based treatment, yet spontaneous clearance of new DSA also remains common.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Overall survival. Group A patients showed better survival than group B patients and similar to group C patients. Patients at risk are reported above the x-axis. Survival curve for group B patients is truncated at 2 years of follow-up.
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Figure 2: Overall survival. Group A patients showed better survival than group B patients and similar to group C patients. Patients at risk are reported above the x-axis. Survival curve for group B patients is truncated at 2 years of follow-up.

Mentions: Median follow-up amounted to 12 (7-18) months for group A, 37 (25-43) months for group B, and 12 (7-18) months for group C, and is reported in Figures 2 and 3, Table 5, and Tables S1-S5 (SDC,http://links.lww.com/TP/B222).


IgM-Enriched Human Intravenous Immunoglobulin-Based Treatment of Patients With Early Donor Specific Anti-HLA Antibodies After Lung Transplantation
Overall survival. Group A patients showed better survival than group B patients and similar to group C patients. Patients at risk are reported above the x-axis. Survival curve for group B patients is truncated at 2 years of follow-up.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

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getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC5120772&req=5

Figure 2: Overall survival. Group A patients showed better survival than group B patients and similar to group C patients. Patients at risk are reported above the x-axis. Survival curve for group B patients is truncated at 2 years of follow-up.
Mentions: Median follow-up amounted to 12 (7-18) months for group A, 37 (25-43) months for group B, and 12 (7-18) months for group C, and is reported in Figures 2 and 3, Table 5, and Tables S1-S5 (SDC,http://links.lww.com/TP/B222).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

Background: At our institution, until April 2013, patients who showed early donor specific anti-HLA antibodies (DSA) after lung transplantation were preemptively treated with therapeutic plasma exchange (tPE) and a single dose of Rituximab. In April 2013, we moved to a therapy based on IgM-enriched human immunoglobulins (IVIG), repeated every 4 weeks, and a single dose of Rituximab.

Methods: This observational study was designed to evaluate the short-term patient and graft survival in patients who underwent IVIG-based DSA treatment (group A, n = 57) versus contemporary patients transplanted between April 2013 and January 2015 without DSA (group C, n = 180), as well as to evaluate DSA clearance in IVIG-treated patients versus historic patients who had undergone tPE-based treatment (group B, n = 56). Patient records were retrospectively reviewed. Follow-up ended on April 1, 2015.

Results: At 6 months and 1 year of follow-up, group A had a survival similar to group C (P = 0.81) but better than group B (P = 0.008). Group A showed statistically nonsignificant trends toward improved freedom from pulsed-steroid therapy and biopsy-confirmed rejection over groups B and C. The DSA clearance was better in group A than group B at treatment end (92% vs 64%; P = 0.002) and last DSA control (90% vs 75%; P = 0.04).

Conclusions: Patients with new early DSA but without graft dysfunction that are treated with IVIG and Rituximab have similarly good early survival as contemporary lung transplant recipients without early DSA. The IVIG yielded increased DSA clearance compared with historic tPE-based treatment, yet spontaneous clearance of new DSA also remains common.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus