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A qualitative study of the current situation of elderly care in Iran: what can we do for the future?

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

Background: With the successful improvement of global health systems and social security in societies, the world is now advancing toward aging. All countries have to face the phenomenon of population aging sooner or later depending on their degree of development; however, elderly care is predicted to soon become a major concern for developing countries such as Iran.

Objectives: This study was conducted to identify the challenges of elderly care in Iran and to help policymakers develop roadmaps for the future through providing a clearer image of the current state of affairs in this area of healthcare.

Design: This study has adopted a framework approach to qualitative data analysis. For this purpose, 37 semi-structured interviews were conducted in 2015 with a number of key informants in elderly care who were familiar with the process at macro-, meso-, and micro-levels. Maximum variation purposive sampling was performed to select the study samples. A conceptual framework was designed using a review of the literature, and key issues were then identified for data analysis.

Results: The elderly care process yielded five major challenges, including policymaking, access, technical infrastructure, integrity and coordination, and health-based care services.

Discussion: According to the stakeholders of elderly care in Iran, the current care system is not well-suited for meeting the needs of the elderly, as the elderly tend to receive the services they need sporadically and in a non-coherent manner. Given the rapid growth of the elderly population in the coming decades, it is the authorities’ job to concentrate on the challenges faced by the health system and to use foresight methods for the comprehensive and systematical management of the issue.

No MeSH data available.


Conceptual framework to achieve active aging goals in developing countries.
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Related In: Results  -  Collection

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Figure 0001: Conceptual framework to achieve active aging goals in developing countries.

Mentions: The study participants consisted of 37 stakeholders at different executive levels. Table 1 presents their composition in terms of level and executive position. This stage of data collection lasted from May to December 2015. The careful review of the interviews and the extraction of conceptual units as codes yielded a total of 614 initial codes. Through the constant comparison and analysis of the data, the codes were placed into 5 main categories and 16 subcategories comprising the challenges of elderly care in Iran. Table 2 presents the distribution and formation of the categories. Figure 1 showed that five key themes in relation to active ageing policy framework. in fact any measures to achieve active ageing will need these prerequisites.


A qualitative study of the current situation of elderly care in Iran: what can we do for the future?
Conceptual framework to achieve active aging goals in developing countries.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC5120385&req=5

Figure 0001: Conceptual framework to achieve active aging goals in developing countries.
Mentions: The study participants consisted of 37 stakeholders at different executive levels. Table 1 presents their composition in terms of level and executive position. This stage of data collection lasted from May to December 2015. The careful review of the interviews and the extraction of conceptual units as codes yielded a total of 614 initial codes. Through the constant comparison and analysis of the data, the codes were placed into 5 main categories and 16 subcategories comprising the challenges of elderly care in Iran. Table 2 presents the distribution and formation of the categories. Figure 1 showed that five key themes in relation to active ageing policy framework. in fact any measures to achieve active ageing will need these prerequisites.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

Background: With the successful improvement of global health systems and social security in societies, the world is now advancing toward aging. All countries have to face the phenomenon of population aging sooner or later depending on their degree of development; however, elderly care is predicted to soon become a major concern for developing countries such as Iran.

Objectives: This study was conducted to identify the challenges of elderly care in Iran and to help policymakers develop roadmaps for the future through providing a clearer image of the current state of affairs in this area of healthcare.

Design: This study has adopted a framework approach to qualitative data analysis. For this purpose, 37 semi-structured interviews were conducted in 2015 with a number of key informants in elderly care who were familiar with the process at macro-, meso-, and micro-levels. Maximum variation purposive sampling was performed to select the study samples. A conceptual framework was designed using a review of the literature, and key issues were then identified for data analysis.

Results: The elderly care process yielded five major challenges, including policymaking, access, technical infrastructure, integrity and coordination, and health-based care services.

Discussion: According to the stakeholders of elderly care in Iran, the current care system is not well-suited for meeting the needs of the elderly, as the elderly tend to receive the services they need sporadically and in a non-coherent manner. Given the rapid growth of the elderly population in the coming decades, it is the authorities’ job to concentrate on the challenges faced by the health system and to use foresight methods for the comprehensive and systematical management of the issue.

No MeSH data available.