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Total and Free Sugar Content of Canadian Prepackaged Foods and Beverages

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ABSTRACT

A number of recommendations for policy and program interventions to limit excess free sugar consumption have emerged, however there are a lack of data describing the amounts and types of sugar in foods. This study presents an assessment of sugar in Canadian prepackaged foods including: (a) the first systematic calculation of free sugar contents; (b) a comprehensive assessment of total sugar and free sugar levels; and (c) sweetener and free sugar ingredient use, using the University of Toronto’s Food Label Information Program (FLIP) database 2013 (n = 15,342). Food groups with the highest proportion of foods containing free sugar ingredients also had the highest median total sugar and free sugar contents (per 100 g/mL): desserts (94%, 15 g, and 12 g), sugars and sweets (91%, 50 g, and 50 g), and bakery products (83%, 16 g, and 14 g, proportion with free sugar ingredients, median total sugar and free sugar content in Canadian foods, respectively). Free sugar accounted for 64% of total sugar content. Eight of 17 food groups had ≥75% of the total sugar derived from free sugar. Free sugar contributed 20% of calories overall in prepackaged foods and beverages, with the highest at 70% in beverages. These data can be used to inform interventions aimed at limiting free sugar consumption.

No MeSH data available.


Free sugar as a percent of calories, by major food group and overall (n = 15,259).
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nutrients-08-00582-f004: Free sugar as a percent of calories, by major food group and overall (n = 15,259).

Mentions: Free sugar contributed on average 20% of calories in the prepackaged foods and beverages evaluated (Figure 4), with content ≥10% of calories in seven of the 17 major food groups, including beverages (70%), sugars and sweets (62%), and desserts (41%).


Total and Free Sugar Content of Canadian Prepackaged Foods and Beverages
Free sugar as a percent of calories, by major food group and overall (n = 15,259).
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC5037566&req=5

nutrients-08-00582-f004: Free sugar as a percent of calories, by major food group and overall (n = 15,259).
Mentions: Free sugar contributed on average 20% of calories in the prepackaged foods and beverages evaluated (Figure 4), with content ≥10% of calories in seven of the 17 major food groups, including beverages (70%), sugars and sweets (62%), and desserts (41%).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

A number of recommendations for policy and program interventions to limit excess free sugar consumption have emerged, however there are a lack of data describing the amounts and types of sugar in foods. This study presents an assessment of sugar in Canadian prepackaged foods including: (a) the first systematic calculation of free sugar contents; (b) a comprehensive assessment of total sugar and free sugar levels; and (c) sweetener and free sugar ingredient use, using the University of Toronto’s Food Label Information Program (FLIP) database 2013 (n = 15,342). Food groups with the highest proportion of foods containing free sugar ingredients also had the highest median total sugar and free sugar contents (per 100 g/mL): desserts (94%, 15 g, and 12 g), sugars and sweets (91%, 50 g, and 50 g), and bakery products (83%, 16 g, and 14 g, proportion with free sugar ingredients, median total sugar and free sugar content in Canadian foods, respectively). Free sugar accounted for 64% of total sugar content. Eight of 17 food groups had ≥75% of the total sugar derived from free sugar. Free sugar contributed 20% of calories overall in prepackaged foods and beverages, with the highest at 70% in beverages. These data can be used to inform interventions aimed at limiting free sugar consumption.

No MeSH data available.