Limits...
Role of Young Child Formulae and Supplements to Ensure Nutritional Adequacy in U.K. Young Children

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) states that young child formulae (YCFs) “cannot be considered as a necessity to satisfy the nutritional requirements” of children aged 12–36 months. This study quantifies the dietary changes needed to ensure nutritional adequacy in U.K. young children who consume YCFs and/or supplements and in those who do not. Dietary data from 1147 young children (aged 12–18 months) were used to identify, using linear programming models, the minimum changes needed to ensure nutritional adequacy: (i) by changing the quantities of foods initially consumed by each child (repertoire-foods); and (ii) by introducing new foods (non-repertoire-foods). Most of the children consumed neither YCFs, nor supplements (61.6%). Nutritional adequacy with repertoire-foods alone was ensured for only one child in this group, against 74.4% of the children consuming YCFs and supplement. When access to all foods was allowed, smaller food changes were required when YCFs and supplements were initially consumed than when they were not. In the total sample, the main dietary shifts needed to ensure nutritional adequacy were an increase in YCF and a decrease in cow’s milk (+226 g/day and −181 g/day, respectively). Increasing YCF and supplement consumption was the shortest way to cover the EFSA nutrient requirements of U.K. children.

No MeSH data available.


Percentage of diets containing YCF and/or supplement in (a) observed diets and (b) diets modeled with all-foods models a. a “All-foods models” refers to the linear programming models where all of the foods reported as consumed by the sample were taken as variables.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC5037526&req=5

nutrients-08-00539-f004: Percentage of diets containing YCF and/or supplement in (a) observed diets and (b) diets modeled with all-foods models a. a “All-foods models” refers to the linear programming models where all of the foods reported as consumed by the sample were taken as variables.

Mentions: Figure 4 shows the percentages of diets containing YCFs and/or supplements before (a) and after (b) optimization. Although most observed diets (61%) contained neither YCFs nor supplements, all modeled diets included either or both, there being no longer any “no YCF, no Suppl” diets after optimization.


Role of Young Child Formulae and Supplements to Ensure Nutritional Adequacy in U.K. Young Children
Percentage of diets containing YCF and/or supplement in (a) observed diets and (b) diets modeled with all-foods models a. a “All-foods models” refers to the linear programming models where all of the foods reported as consumed by the sample were taken as variables.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC5037526&req=5

nutrients-08-00539-f004: Percentage of diets containing YCF and/or supplement in (a) observed diets and (b) diets modeled with all-foods models a. a “All-foods models” refers to the linear programming models where all of the foods reported as consumed by the sample were taken as variables.
Mentions: Figure 4 shows the percentages of diets containing YCFs and/or supplements before (a) and after (b) optimization. Although most observed diets (61%) contained neither YCFs nor supplements, all modeled diets included either or both, there being no longer any “no YCF, no Suppl” diets after optimization.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) states that young child formulae (YCFs) “cannot be considered as a necessity to satisfy the nutritional requirements” of children aged 12–36 months. This study quantifies the dietary changes needed to ensure nutritional adequacy in U.K. young children who consume YCFs and/or supplements and in those who do not. Dietary data from 1147 young children (aged 12–18 months) were used to identify, using linear programming models, the minimum changes needed to ensure nutritional adequacy: (i) by changing the quantities of foods initially consumed by each child (repertoire-foods); and (ii) by introducing new foods (non-repertoire-foods). Most of the children consumed neither YCFs, nor supplements (61.6%). Nutritional adequacy with repertoire-foods alone was ensured for only one child in this group, against 74.4% of the children consuming YCFs and supplement. When access to all foods was allowed, smaller food changes were required when YCFs and supplements were initially consumed than when they were not. In the total sample, the main dietary shifts needed to ensure nutritional adequacy were an increase in YCF and a decrease in cow’s milk (+226 g/day and −181 g/day, respectively). Increasing YCF and supplement consumption was the shortest way to cover the EFSA nutrient requirements of U.K. children.

No MeSH data available.