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The Role of Nutrition in Periodontal Health: An Update

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

Periodontal health is influenced by a number of factors such as oral hygiene, genetic and epigenetic factors, systemic health, and nutrition. Many studies have observed that a balanced diet has an essential role in maintaining periodontal health. Additionally, the influences of nutritional supplements and dietary components have been known to affect healing after periodontal surgery. Studies have attempted to find a correlation between tooth loss, periodontal health, and nutrition. Moreover, bone formation and periodontal regeneration are also affected by numerous vitamins, minerals, and trace elements. The aim of this review is to critically appraise the currently available data on diet and maintenance of periodontal health and periodontal healing. The effects of nutritional intervention studies to improve the quality of life and well-being of patients with periodontal disease have been discussed.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Periodontal disease is a complex process of infective and inflammatory processes leading to production of reactive oxidative species (ROS), which in turn worsen periodontitis. Antioxidants may improve periodontal health and outcomes of periodontal therapy by reducing the oxidative stress via scavenging ROS.
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nutrients-08-00530-f002: Periodontal disease is a complex process of infective and inflammatory processes leading to production of reactive oxidative species (ROS), which in turn worsen periodontitis. Antioxidants may improve periodontal health and outcomes of periodontal therapy by reducing the oxidative stress via scavenging ROS.

Mentions: The oral cavity, like any other tissue, undergoes inflammation and injury due to disease and trauma. The inflammatory processes involve the production of ROS by immune cells while stimulated by pathogens [99]. ROS and highly reactive free radicals (molecules containing unpaired electrons) are capable of inflicting cellular and tissue damage by altering the chemical structure of molecules. They particularly damage lipids by initiating a chain of lipid peroxidation [100]. Normally, aerobic respiration leads to the production of ROS. However, the antioxidant defense enzymes reduce the ROS to minimize cellular damage. On the other hand, if there is excessive production of ROS due to inflammation or tissue damage, the antioxidant system is insufficient to minimize oxidative damage. When this balance of ROS production and antioxidant enzymes (e.g., glutathione) is disrupted, a state of oxidative stress occurs [101]. The periodontium can also enter a state of oxidative stress due to the onset of inflammation caused by disease and/or trauma [32]. The association between oxidative stress, inflammation, and inflammatory growth factor is shown in Figure 2. Antioxidants may help in reducing the severity of disease by scavenging ROS. A number of dietary components that can function as antioxidants have shown potential for improving periodontal health and healing.


The Role of Nutrition in Periodontal Health: An Update
Periodontal disease is a complex process of infective and inflammatory processes leading to production of reactive oxidative species (ROS), which in turn worsen periodontitis. Antioxidants may improve periodontal health and outcomes of periodontal therapy by reducing the oxidative stress via scavenging ROS.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC5037517&req=5

nutrients-08-00530-f002: Periodontal disease is a complex process of infective and inflammatory processes leading to production of reactive oxidative species (ROS), which in turn worsen periodontitis. Antioxidants may improve periodontal health and outcomes of periodontal therapy by reducing the oxidative stress via scavenging ROS.
Mentions: The oral cavity, like any other tissue, undergoes inflammation and injury due to disease and trauma. The inflammatory processes involve the production of ROS by immune cells while stimulated by pathogens [99]. ROS and highly reactive free radicals (molecules containing unpaired electrons) are capable of inflicting cellular and tissue damage by altering the chemical structure of molecules. They particularly damage lipids by initiating a chain of lipid peroxidation [100]. Normally, aerobic respiration leads to the production of ROS. However, the antioxidant defense enzymes reduce the ROS to minimize cellular damage. On the other hand, if there is excessive production of ROS due to inflammation or tissue damage, the antioxidant system is insufficient to minimize oxidative damage. When this balance of ROS production and antioxidant enzymes (e.g., glutathione) is disrupted, a state of oxidative stress occurs [101]. The periodontium can also enter a state of oxidative stress due to the onset of inflammation caused by disease and/or trauma [32]. The association between oxidative stress, inflammation, and inflammatory growth factor is shown in Figure 2. Antioxidants may help in reducing the severity of disease by scavenging ROS. A number of dietary components that can function as antioxidants have shown potential for improving periodontal health and healing.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

Periodontal health is influenced by a number of factors such as oral hygiene, genetic and epigenetic factors, systemic health, and nutrition. Many studies have observed that a balanced diet has an essential role in maintaining periodontal health. Additionally, the influences of nutritional supplements and dietary components have been known to affect healing after periodontal surgery. Studies have attempted to find a correlation between tooth loss, periodontal health, and nutrition. Moreover, bone formation and periodontal regeneration are also affected by numerous vitamins, minerals, and trace elements. The aim of this review is to critically appraise the currently available data on diet and maintenance of periodontal health and periodontal healing. The effects of nutritional intervention studies to improve the quality of life and well-being of patients with periodontal disease have been discussed.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus