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The Role of Nutrition in Periodontal Health: An Update

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

Periodontal health is influenced by a number of factors such as oral hygiene, genetic and epigenetic factors, systemic health, and nutrition. Many studies have observed that a balanced diet has an essential role in maintaining periodontal health. Additionally, the influences of nutritional supplements and dietary components have been known to affect healing after periodontal surgery. Studies have attempted to find a correlation between tooth loss, periodontal health, and nutrition. Moreover, bone formation and periodontal regeneration are also affected by numerous vitamins, minerals, and trace elements. The aim of this review is to critically appraise the currently available data on diet and maintenance of periodontal health and periodontal healing. The effects of nutritional intervention studies to improve the quality of life and well-being of patients with periodontal disease have been discussed.

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Periodontitis is mainly caused by the presence of calculus, the calcified form of dental plaque. Calculus harbors a number of pathogenic microbes that cause periodontitis. If not treated, periodontal inflammation may cause progressive destruction of periodontal tissues.
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nutrients-08-00530-f001: Periodontitis is mainly caused by the presence of calculus, the calcified form of dental plaque. Calculus harbors a number of pathogenic microbes that cause periodontitis. If not treated, periodontal inflammation may cause progressive destruction of periodontal tissues.

Mentions: Management of periodontitis is achieved mainly by removing the causative factors (dental plaque, microbial biofilm, and calculus) by means of scaling and root planing along with oral hygiene instructions [21,22]. The relationship of calculus, gingival pocket, and periodontal tissues is shown in Figure 1. Antibiotics are considered helpful in severe conditions or in the case of systemic involvement [23]. In order to enhance the functional life of natural teeth with severe periodontal bone loss, guided tissue regeneration (GTR) and bone grafting are employed [24,25]. Implant therapy is used to replace teeth lost due to extensive and uncontrolled degeneration of bone and periodontal tissues [26,27].


The Role of Nutrition in Periodontal Health: An Update
Periodontitis is mainly caused by the presence of calculus, the calcified form of dental plaque. Calculus harbors a number of pathogenic microbes that cause periodontitis. If not treated, periodontal inflammation may cause progressive destruction of periodontal tissues.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC5037517&req=5

nutrients-08-00530-f001: Periodontitis is mainly caused by the presence of calculus, the calcified form of dental plaque. Calculus harbors a number of pathogenic microbes that cause periodontitis. If not treated, periodontal inflammation may cause progressive destruction of periodontal tissues.
Mentions: Management of periodontitis is achieved mainly by removing the causative factors (dental plaque, microbial biofilm, and calculus) by means of scaling and root planing along with oral hygiene instructions [21,22]. The relationship of calculus, gingival pocket, and periodontal tissues is shown in Figure 1. Antibiotics are considered helpful in severe conditions or in the case of systemic involvement [23]. In order to enhance the functional life of natural teeth with severe periodontal bone loss, guided tissue regeneration (GTR) and bone grafting are employed [24,25]. Implant therapy is used to replace teeth lost due to extensive and uncontrolled degeneration of bone and periodontal tissues [26,27].

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

Periodontal health is influenced by a number of factors such as oral hygiene, genetic and epigenetic factors, systemic health, and nutrition. Many studies have observed that a balanced diet has an essential role in maintaining periodontal health. Additionally, the influences of nutritional supplements and dietary components have been known to affect healing after periodontal surgery. Studies have attempted to find a correlation between tooth loss, periodontal health, and nutrition. Moreover, bone formation and periodontal regeneration are also affected by numerous vitamins, minerals, and trace elements. The aim of this review is to critically appraise the currently available data on diet and maintenance of periodontal health and periodontal healing. The effects of nutritional intervention studies to improve the quality of life and well-being of patients with periodontal disease have been discussed.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus