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The Reproducibility and Relative Validity of a Mexican Diet Quality Index (ICDMx) for the Assessment of the Habitual Diet of Adults

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

The study of diet quality in a population provides information for the development of programs to improve nutritional status through better directed actions. The aim of this study was to assess the reproducibility and relative validity of a Mexican Diet Quality Index (ICDMx) for the assessment of the habitual diet of adults. The ICDMx was designed to assess the characteristics of a healthy diet using a validated semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ-Mx). Reproducibility was determined by comparing 2 ICDMx based on FFQs (one-year interval). Relative validity was assessed by comparing the ICDMx (2nd FFQ) with that estimated based on the intake averages from dietary records (nine days). The questionnaires were answered by 97 adults (mean age in years = 27.5, SD = 12.6). Pearson (r) and intraclass correlations (ICC) were calculated; Bland-Altman plots, Cohen’s κ coefficients and blood lipid determinations complemented the analysis. Additional analysis compared ICDMx scores with nutrients derived from dietary records, using a Pearson correlation. These nutrient intakes were transformed logarithmically to improve normality (log10) and adjusted according to energy, prior to analyses. The ICDMx obtained ICC reproducibility values ranged from 0.33 to 0.87 (23/24 items with significant correlations; mean = 0.63), while relative validity ranged from 0.26 to 0.79 (mean = 0.45). Bland-Altman plots showed a high level of agreement between methods. ICDMx scores were inversely correlated (p < 0.05) with total blood cholesterol (r = −0.33) and triglycerides (r = −0.22). ICDMx (as calculated from FFQs and DRs) obtained positive correlations with fiber, magnesium, potassium, retinol, thiamin, riboflavin, pyridoxine, and folate. The ICDMx obtained acceptable levels of reproducibility and relative validity in this population. It can be useful for population nutritional surveillance and to assess the changes resulting from the implementation of nutritional interventions.

No MeSH data available.


Data recollecting methodology. ICDMx, Índice de Calidad de la Dieta Mexicana; FFQ, semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire; DRs, dietary records; FFQ1, basal FFQ; FFQ2, second FFQ (one year later); ICDMx 1, ICDMx from basal FFQ; ICDMx2, ICDMx from second FFQ (one year latter); ICDMxDR, ICDMx from DRs.
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nutrients-08-00516-f001: Data recollecting methodology. ICDMx, Índice de Calidad de la Dieta Mexicana; FFQ, semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire; DRs, dietary records; FFQ1, basal FFQ; FFQ2, second FFQ (one year later); ICDMx 1, ICDMx from basal FFQ; ICDMx2, ICDMx from second FFQ (one year latter); ICDMxDR, ICDMx from DRs.

Mentions: During that same year, we collected dietary records (DRs) from three days each, at three different times, for a total of nine days of assessment. On each occasion, food intake from two working days and one weekend day were included. Participants were previously trained to complete the DRs and had a visual guide to be used for the quantification of food. The correct completion of the DRs was reviewed by those who administered the questionnaires and, in cases of inconsistency or doubt about what was reported, data were verified directly with participants (Figure 1).


The Reproducibility and Relative Validity of a Mexican Diet Quality Index (ICDMx) for the Assessment of the Habitual Diet of Adults
Data recollecting methodology. ICDMx, Índice de Calidad de la Dieta Mexicana; FFQ, semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire; DRs, dietary records; FFQ1, basal FFQ; FFQ2, second FFQ (one year later); ICDMx 1, ICDMx from basal FFQ; ICDMx2, ICDMx from second FFQ (one year latter); ICDMxDR, ICDMx from DRs.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC5037506&req=5

nutrients-08-00516-f001: Data recollecting methodology. ICDMx, Índice de Calidad de la Dieta Mexicana; FFQ, semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire; DRs, dietary records; FFQ1, basal FFQ; FFQ2, second FFQ (one year later); ICDMx 1, ICDMx from basal FFQ; ICDMx2, ICDMx from second FFQ (one year latter); ICDMxDR, ICDMx from DRs.
Mentions: During that same year, we collected dietary records (DRs) from three days each, at three different times, for a total of nine days of assessment. On each occasion, food intake from two working days and one weekend day were included. Participants were previously trained to complete the DRs and had a visual guide to be used for the quantification of food. The correct completion of the DRs was reviewed by those who administered the questionnaires and, in cases of inconsistency or doubt about what was reported, data were verified directly with participants (Figure 1).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

The study of diet quality in a population provides information for the development of programs to improve nutritional status through better directed actions. The aim of this study was to assess the reproducibility and relative validity of a Mexican Diet Quality Index (ICDMx) for the assessment of the habitual diet of adults. The ICDMx was designed to assess the characteristics of a healthy diet using a validated semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ-Mx). Reproducibility was determined by comparing 2 ICDMx based on FFQs (one-year interval). Relative validity was assessed by comparing the ICDMx (2nd FFQ) with that estimated based on the intake averages from dietary records (nine days). The questionnaires were answered by 97 adults (mean age in years = 27.5, SD = 12.6). Pearson (r) and intraclass correlations (ICC) were calculated; Bland-Altman plots, Cohen’s κ coefficients and blood lipid determinations complemented the analysis. Additional analysis compared ICDMx scores with nutrients derived from dietary records, using a Pearson correlation. These nutrient intakes were transformed logarithmically to improve normality (log10) and adjusted according to energy, prior to analyses. The ICDMx obtained ICC reproducibility values ranged from 0.33 to 0.87 (23/24 items with significant correlations; mean = 0.63), while relative validity ranged from 0.26 to 0.79 (mean = 0.45). Bland-Altman plots showed a high level of agreement between methods. ICDMx scores were inversely correlated (p < 0.05) with total blood cholesterol (r = −0.33) and triglycerides (r = −0.22). ICDMx (as calculated from FFQs and DRs) obtained positive correlations with fiber, magnesium, potassium, retinol, thiamin, riboflavin, pyridoxine, and folate. The ICDMx obtained acceptable levels of reproducibility and relative validity in this population. It can be useful for population nutritional surveillance and to assess the changes resulting from the implementation of nutritional interventions.

No MeSH data available.