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Changes in disc status in the reducing and nonreducing anterior disc displacement of temporomandibular joint: a longitudinal retrospective study

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ABSTRACT

Treatment procedures for anterior disc displacement (ADD) of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) are far from reaching a consensus. The aim of the study was to evaluate disc status changes of anterior disc displacement with reduction (ADDWR) and without reduction (ADDWoR) comparatively, to get a better understanding of the disease progress without intervention. This longitudinal retrospective study included 217 joints in 165 patients, which were divided into ADDWR group and ADDWoR group based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examination. The joints were assessed quantitatively for disc length and displacement distance at initial and follow-up visits. Disc morphology, which was classified in 5 types, was also evaluated. Paired t-test and Wilcoxon signed rank test were used to assess intra-group differences and independent t-test for inter-group differences. Moreover, analysis of covariance was applied to analyze influential factors for changes in disc length and displacement distance. According to our results, discs tended to become shorter, move further forward and distort more seriously in ADDWoR group than in ADDWR group after follow-up. Moreover, discs were prone to become shorter and more anteriorly displaced in teenagers, type I and III morphologies, advanced Wilkes stages, or those with joint effusion. Follow-up period seemed to be not critical.

No MeSH data available.


Different types of disc morphology.(A) Type I: biconcave shape, (B) Type II: biconcave shape with pseudo-disc changes, (C) Type III: V-shaped folded configuration without distinct reduce in disc length, (D) Type IV: folded and shortened disc with inadequate length to cover the condylar head, (E) Type V: rounded configuration.
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f2: Different types of disc morphology.(A) Type I: biconcave shape, (B) Type II: biconcave shape with pseudo-disc changes, (C) Type III: V-shaped folded configuration without distinct reduce in disc length, (D) Type IV: folded and shortened disc with inadequate length to cover the condylar head, (E) Type V: rounded configuration.

Mentions: Disc morphology was evaluated in the closed-mouth position and classified into 5 types (Fig. 2): type I: biconcave configuration with no deformity; type II: biconcave configuration with thick posterior band or mildly folded; type III: moderate folded, U-shaped or V-shaped disc with sufficient length to cover the condylar head; type IV: folded and shortened disc with inadequate length to cover the condylar head; type V: severely folded, biconvex or rounded configuration.


Changes in disc status in the reducing and nonreducing anterior disc displacement of temporomandibular joint: a longitudinal retrospective study
Different types of disc morphology.(A) Type I: biconcave shape, (B) Type II: biconcave shape with pseudo-disc changes, (C) Type III: V-shaped folded configuration without distinct reduce in disc length, (D) Type IV: folded and shortened disc with inadequate length to cover the condylar head, (E) Type V: rounded configuration.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC5037465&req=5

f2: Different types of disc morphology.(A) Type I: biconcave shape, (B) Type II: biconcave shape with pseudo-disc changes, (C) Type III: V-shaped folded configuration without distinct reduce in disc length, (D) Type IV: folded and shortened disc with inadequate length to cover the condylar head, (E) Type V: rounded configuration.
Mentions: Disc morphology was evaluated in the closed-mouth position and classified into 5 types (Fig. 2): type I: biconcave configuration with no deformity; type II: biconcave configuration with thick posterior band or mildly folded; type III: moderate folded, U-shaped or V-shaped disc with sufficient length to cover the condylar head; type IV: folded and shortened disc with inadequate length to cover the condylar head; type V: severely folded, biconvex or rounded configuration.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

Treatment procedures for anterior disc displacement (ADD) of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) are far from reaching a consensus. The aim of the study was to evaluate disc status changes of anterior disc displacement with reduction (ADDWR) and without reduction (ADDWoR) comparatively, to get a better understanding of the disease progress without intervention. This longitudinal retrospective study included 217 joints in 165 patients, which were divided into ADDWR group and ADDWoR group based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examination. The joints were assessed quantitatively for disc length and displacement distance at initial and follow-up visits. Disc morphology, which was classified in 5 types, was also evaluated. Paired t-test and Wilcoxon signed rank test were used to assess intra-group differences and independent t-test for inter-group differences. Moreover, analysis of covariance was applied to analyze influential factors for changes in disc length and displacement distance. According to our results, discs tended to become shorter, move further forward and distort more seriously in ADDWoR group than in ADDWR group after follow-up. Moreover, discs were prone to become shorter and more anteriorly displaced in teenagers, type I and III morphologies, advanced Wilkes stages, or those with joint effusion. Follow-up period seemed to be not critical.

No MeSH data available.