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General expressions for downlink signal to interference and noise ratio in homogeneous and heterogeneous LTE-Advanced networks

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ABSTRACT

The interference is the most important problem in LTE or LTE-Advanced networks. In this paper, the interference was investigated in terms of the downlink signal to interference and noise ratio (SINR). In order to compare the different frequency reuse methods that were developed to enhance the SINR, it would be helpful to have a generalized expression to study the performance of the different methods. Therefore, this paper introduces general expressions for the SINR in homogeneous and in heterogeneous networks. In homogeneous networks, the expression was applied for the most common types of frequency reuse techniques: soft frequency reuse (SFR) and fractional frequency reuse (FFR). The expression was examined by comparing it with previously developed ones in the literature and the comparison showed that the expression is valid for any type of frequency reuse scheme and any network topology. Furthermore, the expression was extended to include the heterogeneous network; the expression includes the problem of co-tier and cross-tier interference in heterogeneous networks (HetNet) and it was examined by the same method of the homogeneous one.

No MeSH data available.


Example of two tiers network [4].
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f0025: Example of two tiers network [4].

Mentions: The proposed generic expression in (1) was validated by comparing it with previously developed ones [4], [5], [6], [7]. A network of two tiers (7 cells in the first tier and 12 cells in the second tier) was used as shown in Fig. 5[4]. The transmitted power equals PT,c or PT,e depending on the region (inner or outer) and the antenna gain was ignored [4]. The paper used the FFR and SFR methods; therefore, the parameter δ equals zero. By keeping the notations of the proposed expression in (1), using the expression of FFR for an edge user in Table 2 and using the layout in Fig. 5, the SINR of an edge user is as follows:(10)SINRFFR,edge,i=PT,ehidi-n∑k=1k≠i6PT,ehkdk-n+No=RiRc-n6h2hiD2Rc-n+NoβPT,chiwhere β equals PT,e/PT,c.


General expressions for downlink signal to interference and noise ratio in homogeneous and heterogeneous LTE-Advanced networks
Example of two tiers network [4].
© Copyright Policy - CC BY-NC-ND
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC5037244&req=5

f0025: Example of two tiers network [4].
Mentions: The proposed generic expression in (1) was validated by comparing it with previously developed ones [4], [5], [6], [7]. A network of two tiers (7 cells in the first tier and 12 cells in the second tier) was used as shown in Fig. 5[4]. The transmitted power equals PT,c or PT,e depending on the region (inner or outer) and the antenna gain was ignored [4]. The paper used the FFR and SFR methods; therefore, the parameter δ equals zero. By keeping the notations of the proposed expression in (1), using the expression of FFR for an edge user in Table 2 and using the layout in Fig. 5, the SINR of an edge user is as follows:(10)SINRFFR,edge,i=PT,ehidi-n∑k=1k≠i6PT,ehkdk-n+No=RiRc-n6h2hiD2Rc-n+NoβPT,chiwhere β equals PT,e/PT,c.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

The interference is the most important problem in LTE or LTE-Advanced networks. In this paper, the interference was investigated in terms of the downlink signal to interference and noise ratio (SINR). In order to compare the different frequency reuse methods that were developed to enhance the SINR, it would be helpful to have a generalized expression to study the performance of the different methods. Therefore, this paper introduces general expressions for the SINR in homogeneous and in heterogeneous networks. In homogeneous networks, the expression was applied for the most common types of frequency reuse techniques: soft frequency reuse (SFR) and fractional frequency reuse (FFR). The expression was examined by comparing it with previously developed ones in the literature and the comparison showed that the expression is valid for any type of frequency reuse scheme and any network topology. Furthermore, the expression was extended to include the heterogeneous network; the expression includes the problem of co-tier and cross-tier interference in heterogeneous networks (HetNet) and it was examined by the same method of the homogeneous one.

No MeSH data available.