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To Strike a Pose: No Stereotype Backlash for Power Posing Women

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

Power posing, the adoption of open and powerful postures, has effects that parallel those of actual social power. This study explored the social evaluation of adopting powerful vs. powerless body postures in men and women regarding perceived warmth, competence, and the likelihood of eliciting admiration, envy, pity, and contempt. Previous findings suggest that the display of power by women may have side effects due to gender stereotyping, namely reduced warmth ratings and negative emotional reactions. An experiment (N = 2,473) asked participants to rate pictures of men and women who adopted high-power or low-power body postures. High-power posers were rated higher on competence, admiration, envy, and contempt compared to low-power posers, whereas the opposite was true for pity. There was no impact of power posing on perceived warmth. Contrary to expectations, the poser’s gender did not moderate any of the effects. These findings suggest that non-verbal displays of power do influence fundamental dimensions of social perception and their accompanying emotional reactions but result in comparably positive and negative evaluations for both genders.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Mean warmth ratings by experimental condition. Error bars represent ± 1 SEM.
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Figure 4: Mean warmth ratings by experimental condition. Error bars represent ± 1 SEM.

Mentions: There was no main effect of power, F(1,2469) = 0.74, p = 0.39, but there was a small main effect of poser’s gender on perceived warmth, F(1,2469) = 20.59, p < 0.001, = 0.008, 90% CI [0.003; 0.015], with participants evaluating female posers as being slightly warmer (M = 3.47, SD = 0.78) than male posers (M = 3.33, SD = 0.77). Contrary to H3, the Power × Gender interaction did not reach statistical significance, F(1,2469) = 1.36, p = 0.24 (Figure 4).


To Strike a Pose: No Stereotype Backlash for Power Posing Women
Mean warmth ratings by experimental condition. Error bars represent ± 1 SEM.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC5037219&req=5

Figure 4: Mean warmth ratings by experimental condition. Error bars represent ± 1 SEM.
Mentions: There was no main effect of power, F(1,2469) = 0.74, p = 0.39, but there was a small main effect of poser’s gender on perceived warmth, F(1,2469) = 20.59, p < 0.001, = 0.008, 90% CI [0.003; 0.015], with participants evaluating female posers as being slightly warmer (M = 3.47, SD = 0.78) than male posers (M = 3.33, SD = 0.77). Contrary to H3, the Power × Gender interaction did not reach statistical significance, F(1,2469) = 1.36, p = 0.24 (Figure 4).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

Power posing, the adoption of open and powerful postures, has effects that parallel those of actual social power. This study explored the social evaluation of adopting powerful vs. powerless body postures in men and women regarding perceived warmth, competence, and the likelihood of eliciting admiration, envy, pity, and contempt. Previous findings suggest that the display of power by women may have side effects due to gender stereotyping, namely reduced warmth ratings and negative emotional reactions. An experiment (N = 2,473) asked participants to rate pictures of men and women who adopted high-power or low-power body postures. High-power posers were rated higher on competence, admiration, envy, and contempt compared to low-power posers, whereas the opposite was true for pity. There was no impact of power posing on perceived warmth. Contrary to expectations, the poser&rsquo;s gender did not moderate any of the effects. These findings suggest that non-verbal displays of power do influence fundamental dimensions of social perception and their accompanying emotional reactions but result in comparably positive and negative evaluations for both genders.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus