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Corn silk extract improves cholesterol metabolism in C57BL/6J mouse fed high-fat diets

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

Background/objectives: Corn silk (CS) extract contains large amounts of maysin, which is a major flavonoid in CS. However, studies regarding the effect of CS extract on cholesterol metabolism is limited. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the effect of CS extract on cholesterol metabolism in C57BL/6J mouse fed high-fat diets.

Materials/methods: Normal-fat group fed 7% fat diet, high-fat (HF) group fed 25% fat diet, and high-fat with corn silk (HFCS) group were orally administered CS extract (100 mg/kg body weight) daily. Serum and hepatic levels of total lipids, triglycerides, and total cholesterol as well as serum free fatty acid, glucose, and insulin levels were determined. The mRNA expression levels of acyl-CoA: cholesterol acyltransferase (ACAT), cholesterol 7-alpha hydroxylase (CYP7A1), farnesoid X receptor (FXR), lecithin cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT), low-density lipoprotein receptor, 3-hyroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase (HMG-CoA reductase), adiponectin, leptin, and tumor necrosis factor α were determined.

Results: Oral administration of CS extract with HF improved serum glucose and insulin levels as well as attenuated HF-induced fatty liver. CS extracts significantly elevated mRNA expression levels of adipocytokines and reduced mRNA expression levels of HMG-CoA reductase, ACAT, and FXR. The mRNA expression levels of CYP7A1 and LCAT between the HF group and HFCS group were not statistically different.

Conclusions: CS extract supplementation with a high-fat diet improves levels of adipocytokine secretion and glucose homeostasis. CS extract is also effective in decreasing the regulatory pool of hepatic cholesterol, in line with decreased blood and hepatic levels of cholesterol though modulation of mRNA expression levels of HMG-CoA reductase, ACAT, and FXR.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Effect of Corn silk extract on mRNA expression of enzymes related to cholesterol metabolism in livers of mice fed high-fat dietTotal RNA was isolated using TRI-reagent, and cDNA was synthesized using 3 µg of total RNA with SuperScriptⅡ reverse transcriptase. Real-time PCR was performed using SYBR green and standard procedures to assess mRNA expression of primer in liver samples obtained from each group. An Applied Biosystem StepOne softwere v2.1 was used. Each bar represents the mean ± S.D, and different letters above each bar indicate significant differences among groups at α = o.o5 as determined by Duncan's multiple range test. ACAT; acyl-CoA: cholesterol acyltransferase, CYP7A1; cholesterol 7-alpha hydroxylase, FXR; farnesoid X receptor, LCAT; lecithin cholesterol acyltransferase, LDL-R; low density lipoprotein receptor, HMG-CoA reductase; 3-hyroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase.
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Figure 3: Effect of Corn silk extract on mRNA expression of enzymes related to cholesterol metabolism in livers of mice fed high-fat dietTotal RNA was isolated using TRI-reagent, and cDNA was synthesized using 3 µg of total RNA with SuperScriptⅡ reverse transcriptase. Real-time PCR was performed using SYBR green and standard procedures to assess mRNA expression of primer in liver samples obtained from each group. An Applied Biosystem StepOne softwere v2.1 was used. Each bar represents the mean ± S.D, and different letters above each bar indicate significant differences among groups at α = o.o5 as determined by Duncan's multiple range test. ACAT; acyl-CoA: cholesterol acyltransferase, CYP7A1; cholesterol 7-alpha hydroxylase, FXR; farnesoid X receptor, LCAT; lecithin cholesterol acyltransferase, LDL-R; low density lipoprotein receptor, HMG-CoA reductase; 3-hyroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase.

Mentions: The mRNA expression levels of all genes related to cholesterol metabolism in the HF group were significantly higher compared to those in the NF group (P < 0.05, Fig. 3). The mRNA expression levels of hepatic ACAT, FXR, and HMG-CoA reductase in the HFCS group were significantly reduced compared to those in the HF group (P < 0.05). However, mRNA expression levels of hepatic CYP7A1, LCAT, and LDL-R between the HF group and HFCS group were not statistically different.


Corn silk extract improves cholesterol metabolism in C57BL/6J mouse fed high-fat diets
Effect of Corn silk extract on mRNA expression of enzymes related to cholesterol metabolism in livers of mice fed high-fat dietTotal RNA was isolated using TRI-reagent, and cDNA was synthesized using 3 µg of total RNA with SuperScriptⅡ reverse transcriptase. Real-time PCR was performed using SYBR green and standard procedures to assess mRNA expression of primer in liver samples obtained from each group. An Applied Biosystem StepOne softwere v2.1 was used. Each bar represents the mean ± S.D, and different letters above each bar indicate significant differences among groups at α = o.o5 as determined by Duncan's multiple range test. ACAT; acyl-CoA: cholesterol acyltransferase, CYP7A1; cholesterol 7-alpha hydroxylase, FXR; farnesoid X receptor, LCAT; lecithin cholesterol acyltransferase, LDL-R; low density lipoprotein receptor, HMG-CoA reductase; 3-hyroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC5037067&req=5

Figure 3: Effect of Corn silk extract on mRNA expression of enzymes related to cholesterol metabolism in livers of mice fed high-fat dietTotal RNA was isolated using TRI-reagent, and cDNA was synthesized using 3 µg of total RNA with SuperScriptⅡ reverse transcriptase. Real-time PCR was performed using SYBR green and standard procedures to assess mRNA expression of primer in liver samples obtained from each group. An Applied Biosystem StepOne softwere v2.1 was used. Each bar represents the mean ± S.D, and different letters above each bar indicate significant differences among groups at α = o.o5 as determined by Duncan's multiple range test. ACAT; acyl-CoA: cholesterol acyltransferase, CYP7A1; cholesterol 7-alpha hydroxylase, FXR; farnesoid X receptor, LCAT; lecithin cholesterol acyltransferase, LDL-R; low density lipoprotein receptor, HMG-CoA reductase; 3-hyroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase.
Mentions: The mRNA expression levels of all genes related to cholesterol metabolism in the HF group were significantly higher compared to those in the NF group (P < 0.05, Fig. 3). The mRNA expression levels of hepatic ACAT, FXR, and HMG-CoA reductase in the HFCS group were significantly reduced compared to those in the HF group (P < 0.05). However, mRNA expression levels of hepatic CYP7A1, LCAT, and LDL-R between the HF group and HFCS group were not statistically different.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

Background/objectives: Corn silk (CS) extract contains large amounts of maysin, which is a major flavonoid in CS. However, studies regarding the effect of CS extract on cholesterol metabolism is limited. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the effect of CS extract on cholesterol metabolism in C57BL/6J mouse fed high-fat diets.

Materials/methods: Normal-fat group fed 7% fat diet, high-fat (HF) group fed 25% fat diet, and high-fat with corn silk (HFCS) group were orally administered CS extract (100 mg/kg body weight) daily. Serum and hepatic levels of total lipids, triglycerides, and total cholesterol as well as serum free fatty acid, glucose, and insulin levels were determined. The mRNA expression levels of acyl-CoA: cholesterol acyltransferase (ACAT), cholesterol 7-alpha hydroxylase (CYP7A1), farnesoid X receptor (FXR), lecithin cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT), low-density lipoprotein receptor, 3-hyroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase (HMG-CoA reductase), adiponectin, leptin, and tumor necrosis factor &alpha; were determined.

Results: Oral administration of CS extract with HF improved serum glucose and insulin levels as well as attenuated HF-induced fatty liver. CS extracts significantly elevated mRNA expression levels of adipocytokines and reduced mRNA expression levels of HMG-CoA reductase, ACAT, and FXR. The mRNA expression levels of CYP7A1 and LCAT between the HF group and HFCS group were not statistically different.

Conclusions: CS extract supplementation with a high-fat diet improves levels of adipocytokine secretion and glucose homeostasis. CS extract is also effective in decreasing the regulatory pool of hepatic cholesterol, in line with decreased blood and hepatic levels of cholesterol though modulation of mRNA expression levels of HMG-CoA reductase, ACAT, and FXR.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus