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Molecular Cytogenetic Characterization of New Wheat-Rye 1R(1B) Substitution and Translocation Lines from a Chinese Secale cereal L. Aigan with Resistance to Stripe Rust

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

Secale cereale L. has been used worldwide as a source of genes for agronomic and resistance improvement. In this study, a stable wheat-rye substitution line and 3 primary 1RS.1BL translocation lines were selected from the progeny of the crossing of the Chinese local rye Aigan variety and wheat cultivar Mianyang11. The substitution and translocation lines were identified by molecular cytogenetic analysis. PCR results, fluorescence in situ hybridization and acid polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis indicated that there were a pair of 1R chromosomes in the substitution line which have been named RS1200-3, and a pair of 1RS.1BL translocation chromosomes in the other 3 translocation lines, which have been named RT1163-4, RT1217-1, and RT1249. When inoculated with stripe rust isolates, these 4 lines expressed high resistance to several Puccinia striiformis f. sp Tritici pathotypes that are virulent on Yr9. Moreover, the different response pattern of resistance among them suggested that the diversity of resistance genes for wheat stripe rust exists in the rye. These 4 lines also showed better agronomic performances than their wheat parent. The GS indices also showed the genetic diversity of the 1RS which derived from same rye variety. The present study indicates that rye cultivars may carry untapped variations that could potentially be used for wheat improvement.

No MeSH data available.


PCR results of primer TNAC1021.Lane 1 = MY11; lane 2 = water; lane 3 = RS1200-3; lane 4 = RT1249; lane 5 = RT1217-1; lane 6 = RT1163-4; lane 7 = CN11; lane M = marker.
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pone.0163642.g004: PCR results of primer TNAC1021.Lane 1 = MY11; lane 2 = water; lane 3 = RS1200-3; lane 4 = RT1249; lane 5 = RT1217-1; lane 6 = RT1163-4; lane 7 = CN11; lane M = marker.

Mentions: The primer TNAC1021 can amplify a specific fragment from the rye 1RL chromosome arm. This primer could distinguish the 1RL chromosome under the wheat genome background [30]. The results showed that only the substitution line RS1200-3 can amplify the expected band (Fig 4). It was indicated that RS1200-3 contained a pair of 1R chromosomes, which was a 1R (1B) substitution line.


Molecular Cytogenetic Characterization of New Wheat-Rye 1R(1B) Substitution and Translocation Lines from a Chinese Secale cereal L. Aigan with Resistance to Stripe Rust
PCR results of primer TNAC1021.Lane 1 = MY11; lane 2 = water; lane 3 = RS1200-3; lane 4 = RT1249; lane 5 = RT1217-1; lane 6 = RT1163-4; lane 7 = CN11; lane M = marker.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC5036889&req=5

pone.0163642.g004: PCR results of primer TNAC1021.Lane 1 = MY11; lane 2 = water; lane 3 = RS1200-3; lane 4 = RT1249; lane 5 = RT1217-1; lane 6 = RT1163-4; lane 7 = CN11; lane M = marker.
Mentions: The primer TNAC1021 can amplify a specific fragment from the rye 1RL chromosome arm. This primer could distinguish the 1RL chromosome under the wheat genome background [30]. The results showed that only the substitution line RS1200-3 can amplify the expected band (Fig 4). It was indicated that RS1200-3 contained a pair of 1R chromosomes, which was a 1R (1B) substitution line.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

Secale cereale L. has been used worldwide as a source of genes for agronomic and resistance improvement. In this study, a stable wheat-rye substitution line and 3 primary 1RS.1BL translocation lines were selected from the progeny of the crossing of the Chinese local rye Aigan variety and wheat cultivar Mianyang11. The substitution and translocation lines were identified by molecular cytogenetic analysis. PCR results, fluorescence in situ hybridization and acid polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis indicated that there were a pair of 1R chromosomes in the substitution line which have been named RS1200-3, and a pair of 1RS.1BL translocation chromosomes in the other 3 translocation lines, which have been named RT1163-4, RT1217-1, and RT1249. When inoculated with stripe rust isolates, these 4 lines expressed high resistance to several Puccinia striiformis f. sp Tritici pathotypes that are virulent on Yr9. Moreover, the different response pattern of resistance among them suggested that the diversity of resistance genes for wheat stripe rust exists in the rye. These 4 lines also showed better agronomic performances than their wheat parent. The GS indices also showed the genetic diversity of the 1RS which derived from same rye variety. The present study indicates that rye cultivars may carry untapped variations that could potentially be used for wheat improvement.

No MeSH data available.