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Takotsubo cardiomyopathy with left ventricular thrombus presenting as critical limb ischaemia

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ABSTRACT

Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TC) is a rare condition, characterized by acute left ventricular (LV) dysfunction in the absence of flow-limiting coronary artery disease, usually provoked by a physical or emotional stressor. The condition is far more common in women. The commonest presenting symptoms in patients with TC are chest pain and shortness of breath, often mimicking an acute coronary syndrome. A number of complications of TC are recognized, and very rarely patients experience cardioembolic phenomena secondary to LV thrombus formation in TC. We present the case of a 48-year-old lady presenting with peripheral limb ischaemia, subsequently found to have an LV thrombus secondary to TC. Diagnosis of TC was made challenging by the absence of chest pain. She required urgent arterial embolectomy and was treated with 6-month oral anticoagulation therapy. She was also commenced on beta-blocker and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor treatment for the management of LV dysfunction.

No MeSH data available.


Coronary artery angiogram images demonstrating the patient's unobstructed coronary arteries: (A) the right coronary artery (RCA) and (B) the left coronary system (LMS, left main stem; LAD, left anterior descending; LCx, left circumflex).
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omw051F2: Coronary artery angiogram images demonstrating the patient's unobstructed coronary arteries: (A) the right coronary artery (RCA) and (B) the left coronary system (LMS, left main stem; LAD, left anterior descending; LCx, left circumflex).

Mentions: Urgent coronary angiography was performed, which did not demonstrate any flow-limiting coronary artery stenosis (Fig. 2). LV angiography, however, revealed apical ballooning of the LV with an apical filling defect (Fig. 3). These appearances were in keeping TC together with an apical LV thrombus.Figure 2:


Takotsubo cardiomyopathy with left ventricular thrombus presenting as critical limb ischaemia
Coronary artery angiogram images demonstrating the patient's unobstructed coronary arteries: (A) the right coronary artery (RCA) and (B) the left coronary system (LMS, left main stem; LAD, left anterior descending; LCx, left circumflex).
© Copyright Policy - creative-commons
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC5036842&req=5

omw051F2: Coronary artery angiogram images demonstrating the patient's unobstructed coronary arteries: (A) the right coronary artery (RCA) and (B) the left coronary system (LMS, left main stem; LAD, left anterior descending; LCx, left circumflex).
Mentions: Urgent coronary angiography was performed, which did not demonstrate any flow-limiting coronary artery stenosis (Fig. 2). LV angiography, however, revealed apical ballooning of the LV with an apical filling defect (Fig. 3). These appearances were in keeping TC together with an apical LV thrombus.Figure 2:

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

ABSTRACT

Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TC) is a rare condition, characterized by acute left ventricular (LV) dysfunction in the absence of flow-limiting coronary artery disease, usually provoked by a physical or emotional stressor. The condition is far more common in women. The commonest presenting symptoms in patients with TC are chest pain and shortness of breath, often mimicking an acute coronary syndrome. A number of complications of TC are recognized, and very rarely patients experience cardioembolic phenomena secondary to LV thrombus formation in TC. We present the case of a 48-year-old lady presenting with peripheral limb ischaemia, subsequently found to have an LV thrombus secondary to TC. Diagnosis of TC was made challenging by the absence of chest pain. She required urgent arterial embolectomy and was treated with 6-month oral anticoagulation therapy. She was also commenced on beta-blocker and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor treatment for the management of LV dysfunction.

No MeSH data available.