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Components of Height and Blood Pressure among Ellisras Rural Children: Ellisras Longitudinal Study

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

To date, there has been no study done investigating the relationship between the components of height and blood pressure (BP) in rural South African children. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between height, sitting height (SH), leg length (LL), and SH-to-height ratio (SH/H) with BP in Ellisras rural children. All children underwent anthropometric and BP measurements using standard procedure. Linear regression was used to assess the relationship between height, SH, LL, SH/H, and BP. The regression showed a positive significant (p < 0.001) association between systolic BP (SBP) with height and SH (β ranged from 0.127 to 0.134 and 95% CI ranged from 0.082 to 0.415). Diastolic BP (DBP) also showed a positive significant (p < 0.001) association with height and SH (β ranged from 0.080 to 0.088 and 95% CI ranged from 0.042 to 0.259). After having been adjusted for age, gender, body mass index, and waist circumference, DBP showed a positive significant (p < 0.05) association with height. There was a positive significant association between DBP and SBP together with the components of height amongst Ellisras rural children.

No MeSH data available.


The comparison of SH in Ellisras and National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) children aged 5–12 years.
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ijerph-13-00856-f001: The comparison of SH in Ellisras and National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) children aged 5–12 years.

Mentions: Figure 1 and Figure 2 show the comparison of mean SH and SH/H between Ellisras children and NHANES children aged 5–12 years. There was an increased mean SH with age, and Ellisras rural children had lower mean SH than NHANES children for both genders, except at age 5, which contradicted that of boys (Figure 1). Figure 2 exhibits the decrease in SH/H inversely with age, where mean SH/H amongst Ellisras children were low compared to the NHANES children for both genders.


Components of Height and Blood Pressure among Ellisras Rural Children: Ellisras Longitudinal Study
The comparison of SH in Ellisras and National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) children aged 5–12 years.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC5036689&req=5

ijerph-13-00856-f001: The comparison of SH in Ellisras and National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) children aged 5–12 years.
Mentions: Figure 1 and Figure 2 show the comparison of mean SH and SH/H between Ellisras children and NHANES children aged 5–12 years. There was an increased mean SH with age, and Ellisras rural children had lower mean SH than NHANES children for both genders, except at age 5, which contradicted that of boys (Figure 1). Figure 2 exhibits the decrease in SH/H inversely with age, where mean SH/H amongst Ellisras children were low compared to the NHANES children for both genders.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

To date, there has been no study done investigating the relationship between the components of height and blood pressure (BP) in rural South African children. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between height, sitting height (SH), leg length (LL), and SH-to-height ratio (SH/H) with BP in Ellisras rural children. All children underwent anthropometric and BP measurements using standard procedure. Linear regression was used to assess the relationship between height, SH, LL, SH/H, and BP. The regression showed a positive significant (p < 0.001) association between systolic BP (SBP) with height and SH (β ranged from 0.127 to 0.134 and 95% CI ranged from 0.082 to 0.415). Diastolic BP (DBP) also showed a positive significant (p < 0.001) association with height and SH (β ranged from 0.080 to 0.088 and 95% CI ranged from 0.042 to 0.259). After having been adjusted for age, gender, body mass index, and waist circumference, DBP showed a positive significant (p < 0.05) association with height. There was a positive significant association between DBP and SBP together with the components of height amongst Ellisras rural children.

No MeSH data available.