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The Relationship between Phytoplankton Evenness and Copepod Abundance in Lake Nansihu, China

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ABSTRACT

The relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning is a central issue in ecology. Previous studies have shown that producer diversity can impact the consumer community via predator-prey interactions. However, direct observations of this relationship remain rare, in particular for aquatic ecosystems. In this research, the relationship between phytoplankton diversity (species richness and evenness) and the abundance of copepods was analyzed in Lake Nansihu, a meso-eutrophic lake in China. The results showed that copepods abundance was significantly decreased with increasing phytoplankton evenness throughout the year. However, both species richness and phytoplankton biomass showed no significant relationship with the abundance of copepods. Canonical correspondence analysis revealed that phytoplankton evenness was negatively correlated with Thermocyclops kawamurai, Cyclops vicinus, Eucyclops serrulatus, Mesocyclops leuckarti, Sinocalanus tenellus, Sinocalanus dorrii, Copepods nauplius, but positively correlated with many Cyanophyta species (Chroococcus minutus, Dactylococcopsis acicularis, Microcystis incerta, Merismopedia tenuissima, Merismopedia sinica and Lyngbya limnetica). Based on our results, phytoplankton evenness was a better predictor of copepods abundance in meso-eutrophic lakes. These results provide new insights into the relationship between diversity and ecosystem functioning in aquatic ecosystems.

No MeSH data available.


Relationships between phytoplankton species richness and copepod abundance in different seasons.
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ijerph-13-00855-f006: Relationships between phytoplankton species richness and copepod abundance in different seasons.

Mentions: Linear Pearson correlation coefficients between phytoplankton species richness and copepod abundance in the four seasons were R = 0.236, R = 0.114, R = 0.213 and R = 0.262, respectively, which were all found to be insignificant (p > 0.05). The Linear Mixed Effects Model also showed that phytoplankton species richness had no significant correlation with the abundance of copepods (Table 3; Figure 6). The regression slopes in the four seasons were 0.468 (t = 1.410, p = 0.172), 0.027 (t = 0.066, p = 0.947), 0.002 (t = 0.001, p = 0.990) and 0.205 (t = 1.414, p = 0.167), respectively. All these regressions slopes were positive but not significant (p > 0.05).


The Relationship between Phytoplankton Evenness and Copepod Abundance in Lake Nansihu, China
Relationships between phytoplankton species richness and copepod abundance in different seasons.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC5036688&req=5

ijerph-13-00855-f006: Relationships between phytoplankton species richness and copepod abundance in different seasons.
Mentions: Linear Pearson correlation coefficients between phytoplankton species richness and copepod abundance in the four seasons were R = 0.236, R = 0.114, R = 0.213 and R = 0.262, respectively, which were all found to be insignificant (p > 0.05). The Linear Mixed Effects Model also showed that phytoplankton species richness had no significant correlation with the abundance of copepods (Table 3; Figure 6). The regression slopes in the four seasons were 0.468 (t = 1.410, p = 0.172), 0.027 (t = 0.066, p = 0.947), 0.002 (t = 0.001, p = 0.990) and 0.205 (t = 1.414, p = 0.167), respectively. All these regressions slopes were positive but not significant (p > 0.05).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

The relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning is a central issue in ecology. Previous studies have shown that producer diversity can impact the consumer community via predator-prey interactions. However, direct observations of this relationship remain rare, in particular for aquatic ecosystems. In this research, the relationship between phytoplankton diversity (species richness and evenness) and the abundance of copepods was analyzed in Lake Nansihu, a meso-eutrophic lake in China. The results showed that copepods abundance was significantly decreased with increasing phytoplankton evenness throughout the year. However, both species richness and phytoplankton biomass showed no significant relationship with the abundance of copepods. Canonical correspondence analysis revealed that phytoplankton evenness was negatively correlated with Thermocyclops kawamurai, Cyclops vicinus, Eucyclops serrulatus, Mesocyclops leuckarti, Sinocalanus tenellus, Sinocalanus dorrii, Copepods nauplius, but positively correlated with many Cyanophyta species (Chroococcus minutus, Dactylococcopsis acicularis, Microcystis incerta, Merismopedia tenuissima, Merismopedia sinica and Lyngbya limnetica). Based on our results, phytoplankton evenness was a better predictor of copepods abundance in meso-eutrophic lakes. These results provide new insights into the relationship between diversity and ecosystem functioning in aquatic ecosystems.

No MeSH data available.