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Collateral state and the effect of endovascular reperfusion therapy on clinical outcome in ischemic stroke patients

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

Purpose: Clinically successful endovascular therapy (EVT) in ischemic stroke requires reliable noninvasive pretherapeutic selection criteria. We investigated the association of imaging parameters including CT angiographic collaterals and degree of reperfusion with clinical outcome after EVT.

Methods: In our database, we identified 93 patients with large vessel occlusion in the anterior circulation treated with EVT. Besides clinical data, we assessed the baseline Alberta Stroke Program Early CT score (ASPECTS) on noncontrast CT (NCCT) and CT angiography (CTA) source images, collaterals (CT‐CS) and clot burden score (CBS) on CTA and the degree of reperfusion after EVT on angiography. Three readers, blinded to clinical information, evaluated the images in consensus. Data‐driven multivariable ordinal regression analysis identified predictors of good outcome after 90 days as measured with the modified Rankin Scale.

Results: Successful angiographic reperfusion (OR 26.50; 95%‐CI 9.33–83.61) and good collaterals (OR 9.69; 95%‐CI 2.28–59.27) were independent predictors of favorable outcome along with female sex (OR 0.35; 95%‐CI 0.14–0.85), younger age (OR 0.88; 95%‐CI 0.83–0.92) and higher NCCT ASPECTS (OR 2.54; 95%‐CI 1.01–6.63). Outcome was best in patients with good collaterals and successful reperfusion, but there was no statistical interaction between collaterals and reperfusion.

Conclusions: CTA‐collateral status was the strongest pretherapeutic predictor of favorable outcome in ischemic stroke patients treated with EVT. CTA‐collaterals are thus well suited for patient selection in EVT. However, the independent effect of reperfusion on outcome tended to be stronger than that of CTA‐collaterals.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Predicted 90 day clinical outcome by collateral status and reperfusion. The figure shows predicted cumulative probabilities of outcome with regard to collaterals and reperfusion. The probabilities are calculated for a 70‐year‐old patient averaged over sex. The X‐axis denotes the mRS‐categories (mRS 0–2 are summarized). All curves converge at the intersection P = 1 and mRS 6, not shown. The probability for fatal outcome is the distance from the last data point to this intersection.
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brb3513-fig-0003: Predicted 90 day clinical outcome by collateral status and reperfusion. The figure shows predicted cumulative probabilities of outcome with regard to collaterals and reperfusion. The probabilities are calculated for a 70‐year‐old patient averaged over sex. The X‐axis denotes the mRS‐categories (mRS 0–2 are summarized). All curves converge at the intersection P = 1 and mRS 6, not shown. The probability for fatal outcome is the distance from the last data point to this intersection.

Mentions: The combined effect of collateral status (CT‐CS) and reperfusion (mTICI) on functional outcome (mRS) is given in Figure 2. Of the patients with poor collaterals and no reperfusion (n = 8), all died. In patients with poor collaterals, successful reperfusion (n = 5) was associated with favorable clinical outcome in only one patient (20%, 95%‐CI: 3–62%), with unfavorable outcome in two patients (40%, 95% ‐CI: 12–77%), while two patients died. The additive effect of both good collaterals and reperfusion on outcome is shown Figure 2 and is substantiated by the predicted cumulative probabilities for clinical outcome (Fig. 3). The effect of successful reperfusion on outcome seemed to be greater than that of good collaterals with higher odds for successful reperfusion (Table 3), statistically being only a trend. In summary, we found reperfusion and collaterals to be independent predictors of clinical outcome, with no reciprocal effect modulation.


Collateral state and the effect of endovascular reperfusion therapy on clinical outcome in ischemic stroke patients
Predicted 90 day clinical outcome by collateral status and reperfusion. The figure shows predicted cumulative probabilities of outcome with regard to collaterals and reperfusion. The probabilities are calculated for a 70‐year‐old patient averaged over sex. The X‐axis denotes the mRS‐categories (mRS 0–2 are summarized). All curves converge at the intersection P = 1 and mRS 6, not shown. The probability for fatal outcome is the distance from the last data point to this intersection.
© Copyright Policy - creativeCommonsBy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

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Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC5036435&req=5

brb3513-fig-0003: Predicted 90 day clinical outcome by collateral status and reperfusion. The figure shows predicted cumulative probabilities of outcome with regard to collaterals and reperfusion. The probabilities are calculated for a 70‐year‐old patient averaged over sex. The X‐axis denotes the mRS‐categories (mRS 0–2 are summarized). All curves converge at the intersection P = 1 and mRS 6, not shown. The probability for fatal outcome is the distance from the last data point to this intersection.
Mentions: The combined effect of collateral status (CT‐CS) and reperfusion (mTICI) on functional outcome (mRS) is given in Figure 2. Of the patients with poor collaterals and no reperfusion (n = 8), all died. In patients with poor collaterals, successful reperfusion (n = 5) was associated with favorable clinical outcome in only one patient (20%, 95%‐CI: 3–62%), with unfavorable outcome in two patients (40%, 95% ‐CI: 12–77%), while two patients died. The additive effect of both good collaterals and reperfusion on outcome is shown Figure 2 and is substantiated by the predicted cumulative probabilities for clinical outcome (Fig. 3). The effect of successful reperfusion on outcome seemed to be greater than that of good collaterals with higher odds for successful reperfusion (Table 3), statistically being only a trend. In summary, we found reperfusion and collaterals to be independent predictors of clinical outcome, with no reciprocal effect modulation.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

Purpose: Clinically successful endovascular therapy (EVT) in ischemic stroke requires reliable noninvasive pretherapeutic selection criteria. We investigated the association of imaging parameters including CT angiographic collaterals and degree of reperfusion with clinical outcome after EVT.

Methods: In our database, we identified 93 patients with large vessel occlusion in the anterior circulation treated with EVT. Besides clinical data, we assessed the baseline Alberta Stroke Program Early CT score (ASPECTS) on noncontrast CT (NCCT) and CT angiography (CTA) source images, collaterals (CT‐CS) and clot burden score (CBS) on CTA and the degree of reperfusion after EVT on angiography. Three readers, blinded to clinical information, evaluated the images in consensus. Data‐driven multivariable ordinal regression analysis identified predictors of good outcome after 90 days as measured with the modified Rankin Scale.

Results: Successful angiographic reperfusion (OR 26.50; 95%‐CI 9.33–83.61) and good collaterals (OR 9.69; 95%‐CI 2.28–59.27) were independent predictors of favorable outcome along with female sex (OR 0.35; 95%‐CI 0.14–0.85), younger age (OR 0.88; 95%‐CI 0.83–0.92) and higher NCCT ASPECTS (OR 2.54; 95%‐CI 1.01–6.63). Outcome was best in patients with good collaterals and successful reperfusion, but there was no statistical interaction between collaterals and reperfusion.

Conclusions: CTA‐collateral status was the strongest pretherapeutic predictor of favorable outcome in ischemic stroke patients treated with EVT. CTA‐collaterals are thus well suited for patient selection in EVT. However, the independent effect of reperfusion on outcome tended to be stronger than that of CTA‐collaterals.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus