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Eating Behaviors in Cuban Adults: Results from an Exploratory Transcultural Study

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

This study aims to investigate eating behaviors in Cuban adults and compare them with those of a developed Western country, Italy. The study also aimed to determine the overall accuracy of a predictive model intended to define variables which could be used to discriminate between nationalities. Participants were 283 normal weight individuals from Cuba (n = 158) and Italy (n = 125). Italians had higher scores for restrained eating on the questionnaire than Cubans with a considerable effect size. This trend was also found for emotional eating and binge eating, as well as number of current dieters, despite the fact that effect sizes were small. On the other hand, Cubans, when compared to Italians reported higher scores for food thought suppression with reward responsiveness and restrained eating emerging as significant predictors of between-country differences. To conclude, eating behaviors in Cubans could be different from those reported in European countries, perhaps as a consequence of Cuba’s recent history.

No MeSH data available.


CHAID (Chi-squared Automatic Interaction Detector)-tree.
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Figure 1: CHAID (Chi-squared Automatic Interaction Detector)-tree.

Mentions: The obtained CHAID tree is shown in Figure 1. Country was introduced as a dependent variable and the remaining variables were introduced as predictors (Table 1). Only reward responsiveness and restrained eating emerged as significant predictors able to discriminate between countries. The model was adequate and the percentage of correct classification was above 90% for the whole sample (97.6% for Italians and 89.2% for Cubans).


Eating Behaviors in Cuban Adults: Results from an Exploratory Transcultural Study
CHAID (Chi-squared Automatic Interaction Detector)-tree.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC5036308&req=5

Figure 1: CHAID (Chi-squared Automatic Interaction Detector)-tree.
Mentions: The obtained CHAID tree is shown in Figure 1. Country was introduced as a dependent variable and the remaining variables were introduced as predictors (Table 1). Only reward responsiveness and restrained eating emerged as significant predictors able to discriminate between countries. The model was adequate and the percentage of correct classification was above 90% for the whole sample (97.6% for Italians and 89.2% for Cubans).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

This study aims to investigate eating behaviors in Cuban adults and compare them with those of a developed Western country, Italy. The study also aimed to determine the overall accuracy of a predictive model intended to define variables which could be used to discriminate between nationalities. Participants were 283 normal weight individuals from Cuba (n = 158) and Italy (n = 125). Italians had higher scores for restrained eating on the questionnaire than Cubans with a considerable effect size. This trend was also found for emotional eating and binge eating, as well as number of current dieters, despite the fact that effect sizes were small. On the other hand, Cubans, when compared to Italians reported higher scores for food thought suppression with reward responsiveness and restrained eating emerging as significant predictors of between-country differences. To conclude, eating behaviors in Cubans could be different from those reported in European countries, perhaps as a consequence of Cuba’s recent history.

No MeSH data available.