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Automated Internal Classification of Beadless Chinese ZhuJi Fleshwater Pearls based on Optical Coherence Tomography Images

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ABSTRACT

Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has been applied to inspect the internal defect of beadless Chinese ZhuJi fleshwater pearls. A novel fully automated algorithm is proposed to classify between normal and defective sub-layer in nacre layer. Our algorithm utilizes the graph segmentation approach to estimate the up and down boundaries of defect sub-layers from flattened and cropped image, and also proposes the strategy for edge and weight construction in segmentation process. The vertical gradients of boundary pixels are used to make grading decision. The algorithm is tested by typical pearl samples, and achieves 100% classification accuracy. The experiment result shows the feasibility and adaptability of the proposed approach, and proves that the OCT technique combined with proposed algorithm is a potential tool for fast and non-destructive diagnosis of internal structure of beadless pearl.

No MeSH data available.


OCT image flattening (a) original image (b) flattened image.
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f4: OCT image flattening (a) original image (b) flattened image.

Mentions: Following, due to unsmooth of detected edge, and to reduce the perceived pearl curvature, the pearl curvature was required to be flattened. The polynomial fitting was used to fit the unsmooth edge, and shifted the point in target part up and down, and made all the points of edge laid on a horizontal line. Figure 4 demonstrated flattening process, where Fig. 4(b) was the version of Fig. 4(b) with the target curvature flattened.


Automated Internal Classification of Beadless Chinese ZhuJi Fleshwater Pearls based on Optical Coherence Tomography Images
OCT image flattening (a) original image (b) flattened image.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC5036028&req=5

f4: OCT image flattening (a) original image (b) flattened image.
Mentions: Following, due to unsmooth of detected edge, and to reduce the perceived pearl curvature, the pearl curvature was required to be flattened. The polynomial fitting was used to fit the unsmooth edge, and shifted the point in target part up and down, and made all the points of edge laid on a horizontal line. Figure 4 demonstrated flattening process, where Fig. 4(b) was the version of Fig. 4(b) with the target curvature flattened.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has been applied to inspect the internal defect of beadless Chinese ZhuJi fleshwater pearls. A novel fully automated algorithm is proposed to classify between normal and defective sub-layer in nacre layer. Our algorithm utilizes the graph segmentation approach to estimate the up and down boundaries of defect sub-layers from flattened and cropped image, and also proposes the strategy for edge and weight construction in segmentation process. The vertical gradients of boundary pixels are used to make grading decision. The algorithm is tested by typical pearl samples, and achieves 100% classification accuracy. The experiment result shows the feasibility and adaptability of the proposed approach, and proves that the OCT technique combined with proposed algorithm is a potential tool for fast and non-destructive diagnosis of internal structure of beadless pearl.

No MeSH data available.