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Convergent validity: agreement between accelerometry and the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire in college-age Saudi men

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ABSTRACT

Background: The Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ) has been recommended for the international tracking of physical activity (PA). This study aimed to investigate the agreement between the GPAQ and accelerometry, as well as the test–retest reliability of the GPAQ in Saudi college-age men.

Methods: The participants included 62 male students, aged 20.0 ± 1.1 year, with a mean body mass index (BMI) of 24.1 ± 6.3 kg/m2. This study used a cross-sectional comparison of measures design. Participants completed the GPAQ twice (2 weeks apart) and wore accelerometers for seven consecutive days.

Results: The agreement between the GPAQ and accelerometry for moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA) was weak (r ≤ 0.32). Participants underreported sedentary time relative to accelerometer measurements (∆ = 3.4 h/day). BMI was statistically associated with increased bias between the two methods. However, correlations between the GPAQ test and retest for MVPA and sedentary time were moderate to strong (r = 0.44–0.78).

Conclusion: The GPAQ is reliable, but had low agreement with accelerometry for estimating MVPA, and very low agreement with accelerometry for estimating sedentary time in college-age Saudi men. Individual participant characteristics should be considered when using the GPAQ to estimate sedentary time. Adapting the current GPAQ to build a regional PA questionnaire is recommended.

Electronic supplementary material: The online version of this article (doi:10.1186/s13104-016-2242-9) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

No MeSH data available.


Bland–Altman plot of the difference versus mean of moderate to vigorous physical activity level. Difference of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) was calculated as [(accelerometer-measured MVPA) − (questionnaire-reported MVPA)]. The upper and lower limits of agreement (±1.96 SD) are indicated
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Fig1: Bland–Altman plot of the difference versus mean of moderate to vigorous physical activity level. Difference of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) was calculated as [(accelerometer-measured MVPA) − (questionnaire-reported MVPA)]. The upper and lower limits of agreement (±1.96 SD) are indicated

Mentions: Bland–Altman plots comparing the difference and mean GPAQ and accelerometer results for MVPA and sedentary time are shown in Figs. 1 and 2. The upper and lower limits of agreement (±1.96 SD) are shown, illustrating that some participants were outside the limit of agreement; these represent low agreement between the GPAQ and the accelerometer.Fig. 1


Convergent validity: agreement between accelerometry and the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire in college-age Saudi men
Bland–Altman plot of the difference versus mean of moderate to vigorous physical activity level. Difference of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) was calculated as [(accelerometer-measured MVPA) − (questionnaire-reported MVPA)]. The upper and lower limits of agreement (±1.96 SD) are indicated
© Copyright Policy - OpenAccess
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC5016864&req=5

Fig1: Bland–Altman plot of the difference versus mean of moderate to vigorous physical activity level. Difference of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) was calculated as [(accelerometer-measured MVPA) − (questionnaire-reported MVPA)]. The upper and lower limits of agreement (±1.96 SD) are indicated
Mentions: Bland–Altman plots comparing the difference and mean GPAQ and accelerometer results for MVPA and sedentary time are shown in Figs. 1 and 2. The upper and lower limits of agreement (±1.96 SD) are shown, illustrating that some participants were outside the limit of agreement; these represent low agreement between the GPAQ and the accelerometer.Fig. 1

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

Background: The Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ) has been recommended for the international tracking of physical activity (PA). This study aimed to investigate the agreement between the GPAQ and accelerometry, as well as the test–retest reliability of the GPAQ in Saudi college-age men.

Methods: The participants included 62 male students, aged 20.0 ± 1.1 year, with a mean body mass index (BMI) of 24.1 ± 6.3 kg/m2. This study used a cross-sectional comparison of measures design. Participants completed the GPAQ twice (2 weeks apart) and wore accelerometers for seven consecutive days.

Results: The agreement between the GPAQ and accelerometry for moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA) was weak (r ≤ 0.32). Participants underreported sedentary time relative to accelerometer measurements (∆ = 3.4 h/day). BMI was statistically associated with increased bias between the two methods. However, correlations between the GPAQ test and retest for MVPA and sedentary time were moderate to strong (r = 0.44–0.78).

Conclusion: The GPAQ is reliable, but had low agreement with accelerometry for estimating MVPA, and very low agreement with accelerometry for estimating sedentary time in college-age Saudi men. Individual participant characteristics should be considered when using the GPAQ to estimate sedentary time. Adapting the current GPAQ to build a regional PA questionnaire is recommended.

Electronic supplementary material: The online version of this article (doi:10.1186/s13104-016-2242-9) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

No MeSH data available.