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The Influence of Parental Education on Timing and Type of Union Formation: Changes Over the Life Course and Over Time in the Netherlands

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ABSTRACT

Family background shapes young adults’ decisions in their transition to adulthood, and the outcomes of these decisions lay the foundation for their subsequent life course. This study examines the influence of parental education on their children’s union formation. We examine the timing of entry into a first union (a married or a cohabiting union), the choice between marriage and cohabitation, and the timing of first marriage. Data from eight nationally representative surveys conducted in the Netherlands are pooled (N = 39,777), with respondents being born between 1930 and 1990, to examine not only the effect of parental education on union formation but also whether this effect changes over birth cohorts, periods, and the life course, and varies by gender. Results from discrete-time hazard analyses show little change in the effect of parental education across cohorts and periods but strong life-course effects. Gender differences in the effect of parental education are relatively small.

No MeSH data available.


Development of GDP growth volume change from 1949 to 2009
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Fig1: Development of GDP growth volume change from 1949 to 2009

Mentions: The variables that are interacted with father’s and mother’s education are age, cohort, economic growth, female; and for the timing of first marriage, also the variable cohabitation. The age variable is constructed as the number of years since age 15 until one experiences a transition.3 To examine whether there have been changes over time, a continuous cohort variable is included, using the birth year of the respondent. Economic growth is measured by GDP volume change (percentage). For GDP, yearly information from 1949 until 2009 is available from Statistics Netherlands (2012). Figure 1 shows the trend in economic growth. In our models, the economic growth measure is lagged by one year. The female variable is coded 0 for males and 1 for females. In the analysis of timing of first marriage, cohabitation is a time-varying dichotomous variable indicating whether someone at a certain age is in a cohabiting relationship.Fig. 1


The Influence of Parental Education on Timing and Type of Union Formation: Changes Over the Life Course and Over Time in the Netherlands
Development of GDP growth volume change from 1949 to 2009
© Copyright Policy - OpenAccess
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC5016546&req=5

Fig1: Development of GDP growth volume change from 1949 to 2009
Mentions: The variables that are interacted with father’s and mother’s education are age, cohort, economic growth, female; and for the timing of first marriage, also the variable cohabitation. The age variable is constructed as the number of years since age 15 until one experiences a transition.3 To examine whether there have been changes over time, a continuous cohort variable is included, using the birth year of the respondent. Economic growth is measured by GDP volume change (percentage). For GDP, yearly information from 1949 until 2009 is available from Statistics Netherlands (2012). Figure 1 shows the trend in economic growth. In our models, the economic growth measure is lagged by one year. The female variable is coded 0 for males and 1 for females. In the analysis of timing of first marriage, cohabitation is a time-varying dichotomous variable indicating whether someone at a certain age is in a cohabiting relationship.Fig. 1

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

Family background shapes young adults’ decisions in their transition to adulthood, and the outcomes of these decisions lay the foundation for their subsequent life course. This study examines the influence of parental education on their children’s union formation. We examine the timing of entry into a first union (a married or a cohabiting union), the choice between marriage and cohabitation, and the timing of first marriage. Data from eight nationally representative surveys conducted in the Netherlands are pooled (N = 39,777), with respondents being born between 1930 and 1990, to examine not only the effect of parental education on union formation but also whether this effect changes over birth cohorts, periods, and the life course, and varies by gender. Results from discrete-time hazard analyses show little change in the effect of parental education across cohorts and periods but strong life-course effects. Gender differences in the effect of parental education are relatively small.

No MeSH data available.