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Usefulness of neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a prospective observational study

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

Background/aims:: Neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in peripheral blood is a useful systemic inflammatory response biomarker. However, NLR has not been studied in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This study was aimed to evaluate the usefulness of NLR in patients with COPD.

Methods:: NLR was prospectively measured and compared in patients with COPD exacerbation (n = 59), patients with stable COPD (n = 61), and healthy controls (n = 28). NLR in patients with COPD exacerbation was repeatedly measured in the convalescent period. The correlation between NLR and clinical parameters was evaluated, and the predictors for respiratory hospitalization were analyzed by multivariate logistic regression.

Results:: NLR values were significantly higher in patients with COPD exacerbation compared with stable COPD patients and controls (12.4 ± 10.6, 2.4 ± 0.7, 1.4 ± 0.5, respectively; p < 0.001). NLR was significantly decreased during the convalescent period in patients with COPD exacerbation (4.5 ± 4.6 vs. 11.5 ± 8.8, p < 0.001). NLR exhibited a significant correlation with the body mass index, degree of airway obstruction, dyspnea, and exercise capacity (BODE) index, the 6-minute walk test, and the modified Medical Research Council scale. NLR ≥ 2.8 was an independent predictor with a borderline significance for respiratory hospitalization (odds ratio, 2.083; p = 0.079). Body mass index and forced expiratory volume in 1 second were independent predictors for respiratory hospitalization.

Conclusions:: NLR is a straightforward and effective biomarker of COPD exacerbation that may serve as a predictor for respiratory hospitalization in patients with COPD.

No MeSH data available.


Receiver operator characteristics curve of neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio to predict respiratory hospitalization. CI, confidence interval.
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f4-kjim-2015-084: Receiver operator characteristics curve of neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio to predict respiratory hospitalization. CI, confidence interval.

Mentions: An NLR of 2.8 was considered the optimal cut-off value with maximal sensitivity and specificity for respiratory hospitalization following ROC curve analysis. The sensitivity and specificity were 60.0% and 60.9%, respectively (Fig. 4). The results of the univariate logistic regression analysis indicated that NLR ≥ 2.8, low BMI, and low FEV1 were predictors of respiratory hospitalization. Low BMI (OR, 0.857; p = 0.019) and low FEV1 (OR, 0.979; p = 0.034) retained significance following multivariate analysis. NLR ≥ 2.8 was an independent predictor of respiratory hospitalization with borderline significance (OR, 2.083; p = 0.079) (Table 2).


Usefulness of neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a prospective observational study
Receiver operator characteristics curve of neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio to predict respiratory hospitalization. CI, confidence interval.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC5016279&req=5

f4-kjim-2015-084: Receiver operator characteristics curve of neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio to predict respiratory hospitalization. CI, confidence interval.
Mentions: An NLR of 2.8 was considered the optimal cut-off value with maximal sensitivity and specificity for respiratory hospitalization following ROC curve analysis. The sensitivity and specificity were 60.0% and 60.9%, respectively (Fig. 4). The results of the univariate logistic regression analysis indicated that NLR ≥ 2.8, low BMI, and low FEV1 were predictors of respiratory hospitalization. Low BMI (OR, 0.857; p = 0.019) and low FEV1 (OR, 0.979; p = 0.034) retained significance following multivariate analysis. NLR ≥ 2.8 was an independent predictor of respiratory hospitalization with borderline significance (OR, 2.083; p = 0.079) (Table 2).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

Background/aims:: Neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in peripheral blood is a useful systemic inflammatory response biomarker. However, NLR has not been studied in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This study was aimed to evaluate the usefulness of NLR in patients with COPD.

Methods:: NLR was prospectively measured and compared in patients with COPD exacerbation (n = 59), patients with stable COPD (n = 61), and healthy controls (n = 28). NLR in patients with COPD exacerbation was repeatedly measured in the convalescent period. The correlation between NLR and clinical parameters was evaluated, and the predictors for respiratory hospitalization were analyzed by multivariate logistic regression.

Results:: NLR values were significantly higher in patients with COPD exacerbation compared with stable COPD patients and controls (12.4 ± 10.6, 2.4 ± 0.7, 1.4 ± 0.5, respectively; p < 0.001). NLR was significantly decreased during the convalescent period in patients with COPD exacerbation (4.5 ± 4.6 vs. 11.5 ± 8.8, p < 0.001). NLR exhibited a significant correlation with the body mass index, degree of airway obstruction, dyspnea, and exercise capacity (BODE) index, the 6-minute walk test, and the modified Medical Research Council scale. NLR ≥ 2.8 was an independent predictor with a borderline significance for respiratory hospitalization (odds ratio, 2.083; p = 0.079). Body mass index and forced expiratory volume in 1 second were independent predictors for respiratory hospitalization.

Conclusions:: NLR is a straightforward and effective biomarker of COPD exacerbation that may serve as a predictor for respiratory hospitalization in patients with COPD.

No MeSH data available.