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Association of dementia with death after ischemic stroke: A two-year prospective study

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

The association between dementia and the risk of death after ischemic stroke was investigated. Neurological, neuropsychological and functional assessments were evaluated in 619 patients with acute ischemic stroke. Dementia was diagnosed at admission and at three months after stroke onset. The patients were scheduled for a two-year follow-up after the index stroke. The Kaplan-Meier survival and Cox proportional hazards regression analyses were used to estimate the cumulative proportion of survival, and the association between dementia and risk of death after stroke. In total, 146 patients (23.6%) were diagnosed with dementia after stroke. The cumulative proportion of surviving cases was 49.3% in patients with dementia after a median follow-up of 21.2±5.6 months, and 92.5% in patients without dementia. Multivariate analysis revealed that dementia (HR, 7.21; 95% CI, 3.85–13.49) was associated with death, independent of age, atrial fibrillation, previous stroke and NIH stroke scale. In conclusion, the mortality rate is increased in stroke patients with dementia. Dementia is an important risk factor for death after stroke, independent of age, atrial fibrillation, previous stroke, and the severity of the stroke.

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Relationship between probability of survival and time.
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f1-etm-0-0-3538: Relationship between probability of survival and time.

Mentions: After a median follow-up of 21.2±5.6 months, the cumulative proportion of case survival was 49.3 and 92.5% in patients with and without dementia, respectively. The survival curves were significantly different (p<0.001) between the two groups (Figs. 1 and 2).


Association of dementia with death after ischemic stroke: A two-year prospective study
Relationship between probability of survival and time.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4998104&req=5

f1-etm-0-0-3538: Relationship between probability of survival and time.
Mentions: After a median follow-up of 21.2±5.6 months, the cumulative proportion of case survival was 49.3 and 92.5% in patients with and without dementia, respectively. The survival curves were significantly different (p<0.001) between the two groups (Figs. 1 and 2).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

The association between dementia and the risk of death after ischemic stroke was investigated. Neurological, neuropsychological and functional assessments were evaluated in 619 patients with acute ischemic stroke. Dementia was diagnosed at admission and at three months after stroke onset. The patients were scheduled for a two-year follow-up after the index stroke. The Kaplan-Meier survival and Cox proportional hazards regression analyses were used to estimate the cumulative proportion of survival, and the association between dementia and risk of death after stroke. In total, 146 patients (23.6%) were diagnosed with dementia after stroke. The cumulative proportion of surviving cases was 49.3% in patients with dementia after a median follow-up of 21.2&plusmn;5.6 months, and 92.5% in patients without dementia. Multivariate analysis revealed that dementia (HR, 7.21; 95% CI, 3.85&ndash;13.49) was associated with death, independent of age, atrial fibrillation, previous stroke and NIH stroke scale. In conclusion, the mortality rate is increased in stroke patients with dementia. Dementia is an important risk factor for death after stroke, independent of age, atrial fibrillation, previous stroke, and the severity of the stroke.

No MeSH data available.