Limits...
Transfusion medicine in medical education: an analysis of curricular grids in Brazil and a review of the current literature

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

Background: Blood transfusions are one of the most performed medical procedures in the world. Thus, as education in transfusion medicine is vital to medical care, it should aim to promote a responsible practice with the rational use of blood by doctors. This study aims to investigate the situation of the teaching of transfusion medicine in medical schools in Brazil.

Method: The websites of the 249 Brazilian medical schools in operation in June 2015 were visited and the curricula of the medical courses were investigated in respect to the presence or absence of a transfusion medicine discipline. When available, the subject grids were analyzed to verify whether a description of content regarding transfusion medicine was given within other disciplines.

Results: Of the 249 medical school sites visited, information on the curriculum was obtained from 178. Of the medical schools that published their curriculum, 132 (74.1%) did not have disciplines of transfusion medicine or hematology and only seven (3.9%) had a discipline of transfusion medicine in the curricular grid.

Conclusions: Education on transfusion medicine is of fundamental importance for safe and efficient transfusion practices. Deficiencies in medical knowledge of this subject have been found worldwide. The results of this study indicate a possible deficiency in teaching the basics of this specialty. Thus, additional prospective studies to assess the knowledge and practice of transfusion medicine in Brazilian medical schools are warranted, which could prompt a discussion on the importance of offering training in transfusion medicine to medical students.

No MeSH data available.


Profile of medical schools according to the teaching of transfusion medicine.
© Copyright Policy - CC BY-NC-ND
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4997906&req=5

fig0010: Profile of medical schools according to the teaching of transfusion medicine.

Mentions: Of the schools that displayed their curriculum, about three-quarters (74.1%) did not have transfusion medicine and hematology disciplines. A smaller portion, 17,4% of the medical schools had a hematology discipline and 4.4% did not present transfusion medicine or hematology, but blood transfusions were mentioned in the grid of another discipline. Only 3.9% had a transfusion medicine discipline. The distribution frequency for the respective groups is shown in Figure 2.


Transfusion medicine in medical education: an analysis of curricular grids in Brazil and a review of the current literature
Profile of medical schools according to the teaching of transfusion medicine.
© Copyright Policy - CC BY-NC-ND
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4997906&req=5

fig0010: Profile of medical schools according to the teaching of transfusion medicine.
Mentions: Of the schools that displayed their curriculum, about three-quarters (74.1%) did not have transfusion medicine and hematology disciplines. A smaller portion, 17,4% of the medical schools had a hematology discipline and 4.4% did not present transfusion medicine or hematology, but blood transfusions were mentioned in the grid of another discipline. Only 3.9% had a transfusion medicine discipline. The distribution frequency for the respective groups is shown in Figure 2.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

Background: Blood transfusions are one of the most performed medical procedures in the world. Thus, as education in transfusion medicine is vital to medical care, it should aim to promote a responsible practice with the rational use of blood by doctors. This study aims to investigate the situation of the teaching of transfusion medicine in medical schools in Brazil.

Method: The websites of the 249 Brazilian medical schools in operation in June 2015 were visited and the curricula of the medical courses were investigated in respect to the presence or absence of a transfusion medicine discipline. When available, the subject grids were analyzed to verify whether a description of content regarding transfusion medicine was given within other disciplines.

Results: Of the 249 medical school sites visited, information on the curriculum was obtained from 178. Of the medical schools that published their curriculum, 132 (74.1%) did not have disciplines of transfusion medicine or hematology and only seven (3.9%) had a discipline of transfusion medicine in the curricular grid.

Conclusions: Education on transfusion medicine is of fundamental importance for safe and efficient transfusion practices. Deficiencies in medical knowledge of this subject have been found worldwide. The results of this study indicate a possible deficiency in teaching the basics of this specialty. Thus, additional prospective studies to assess the knowledge and practice of transfusion medicine in Brazilian medical schools are warranted, which could prompt a discussion on the importance of offering training in transfusion medicine to medical students.

No MeSH data available.