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Biradical vs singlet oxygen photogeneration in suprofen – cholesterol systems

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ABSTRACT

123124531221131231213123: Cholesterol (Ch) is an important lipidic building block and a target for oxidative degradation, which can be induced via free radicals or singlet oxygen (1O2). Suprofen (SP) is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug that contains the 2-benzoylthiophene (BZT) chromophore and has a π,π* lowest triplet excited state. In the present work, dyads (S)- and (R)-SP-α-Ch ( and ), as well as (S)-SP-β-Ch () have been prepared from β- or α-Ch and SP to investigate the possible competition between photogeneration of biradicals and 1O2, the key mechanistic steps in Ch photooxidation. Steady-state irradiation of and was performed in dichloromethane, under nitrogen, through Pyrex, using a 400 W medium pressure mercury lamp. The spectral analysis of the separated fractions revealed formation of two photoproducts and , respectively. By contrast, under the same conditions, did not give rise to any isolable Ch-derived product. These results point to an intramolecular hydrogen abstraction in and from the C7 position of Ch and subsequent C–C coupling of the generated biradicals. Interestingly, was significantly more photoreactive than indicating a clear stereodifferentiation in the photochemical behavior. Transient absorption spectra obtained for – were very similar and matched that described for the SP triplet excited state (typical bands with maxima at ca. 350 nm and 600 nm). Direct kinetic analysis of the decay traces at 620 nm led to determination of triplet lifetimes that were ca. 4.1 μs for and and 5.8 μs for . From these data, the intramolecular quenching rate constants in and were determined as 0.78 × 105 s−1. The capability of dyads – to photosensitize the production of singlet oxygen was assessed by time-resolved near infrared emission studies in dichloromethane using perinaphthenone as standard. The quantum yields (ΦΔ) were 0.52 for and and 0.56 for . In conclusion, SP-α-Ch dyads are unique in the sense that they can be used to photogenerate both biradicals and singlet oxygen, thus being able to initiate Ch oxidation from their triplet excited states following either of the two competing mechanistic pathways.

No MeSH data available.


Formation of products 4 and 5 upon photolysis of dyads 1 and 2.
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C1: Formation of products 4 and 5 upon photolysis of dyads 1 and 2.

Mentions: In order to investigate photoproducts formation, steady-state irradiation of dichloromethane solutions (ca. 10−3 M) of 1–3 was performed under nitrogen, using a Pyrex filter and a 400 W medium pressure mercury lamp. The reaction progress was followed by TLC and NMR. The resulting photomixtures were submitted to silica gel column chromatography, using hexane/ethyl acetate (95:5 v/v) as eluent. The spectral analysis of the separated fractions revealed the formation of two new diastereomeric photoproducts 4 and 5 from dyads 1 and 2, respectively (Scheme 1). By contrast, (S)-SP-β-Ch (3) did not give rise to any isolable Ch-derived product; this is in agreement with conformational restrictions, which do not allow an effective approach between the two active moieties. The nature of the photoproducts formed from 1 and 2 point to an intramolecular HA from the C7 position of Ch and subsequent C–C coupling of the generated biradicals.


Biradical vs singlet oxygen photogeneration in suprofen – cholesterol systems
Formation of products 4 and 5 upon photolysis of dyads 1 and 2.
© Copyright Policy - Beilstein
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4979683&req=5

C1: Formation of products 4 and 5 upon photolysis of dyads 1 and 2.
Mentions: In order to investigate photoproducts formation, steady-state irradiation of dichloromethane solutions (ca. 10−3 M) of 1–3 was performed under nitrogen, using a Pyrex filter and a 400 W medium pressure mercury lamp. The reaction progress was followed by TLC and NMR. The resulting photomixtures were submitted to silica gel column chromatography, using hexane/ethyl acetate (95:5 v/v) as eluent. The spectral analysis of the separated fractions revealed the formation of two new diastereomeric photoproducts 4 and 5 from dyads 1 and 2, respectively (Scheme 1). By contrast, (S)-SP-β-Ch (3) did not give rise to any isolable Ch-derived product; this is in agreement with conformational restrictions, which do not allow an effective approach between the two active moieties. The nature of the photoproducts formed from 1 and 2 point to an intramolecular HA from the C7 position of Ch and subsequent C–C coupling of the generated biradicals.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

ABSTRACT

123124531221131231213123: Cholesterol (Ch) is an important lipidic building block and a target for oxidative degradation, which can be induced via free radicals or singlet oxygen (1O2). Suprofen (SP) is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug that contains the 2-benzoylthiophene (BZT) chromophore and has a π,π* lowest triplet excited state. In the present work, dyads (S)- and (R)-SP-α-Ch ( and ), as well as (S)-SP-β-Ch () have been prepared from β- or α-Ch and SP to investigate the possible competition between photogeneration of biradicals and 1O2, the key mechanistic steps in Ch photooxidation. Steady-state irradiation of and was performed in dichloromethane, under nitrogen, through Pyrex, using a 400 W medium pressure mercury lamp. The spectral analysis of the separated fractions revealed formation of two photoproducts and , respectively. By contrast, under the same conditions, did not give rise to any isolable Ch-derived product. These results point to an intramolecular hydrogen abstraction in and from the C7 position of Ch and subsequent C–C coupling of the generated biradicals. Interestingly, was significantly more photoreactive than indicating a clear stereodifferentiation in the photochemical behavior. Transient absorption spectra obtained for – were very similar and matched that described for the SP triplet excited state (typical bands with maxima at ca. 350 nm and 600 nm). Direct kinetic analysis of the decay traces at 620 nm led to determination of triplet lifetimes that were ca. 4.1 μs for and and 5.8 μs for . From these data, the intramolecular quenching rate constants in and were determined as 0.78 × 105 s−1. The capability of dyads – to photosensitize the production of singlet oxygen was assessed by time-resolved near infrared emission studies in dichloromethane using perinaphthenone as standard. The quantum yields (ΦΔ) were 0.52 for and and 0.56 for . In conclusion, SP-α-Ch dyads are unique in the sense that they can be used to photogenerate both biradicals and singlet oxygen, thus being able to initiate Ch oxidation from their triplet excited states following either of the two competing mechanistic pathways.

No MeSH data available.