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Mass screening for chronic kidney disease in rural and remote Canadian first nations people: methodology and demographic characteristics.

Lavallee B, Chartrand C, McLeod L, Rigatto C, Tangri N, Dart A, Gordon A, Ophey S, Komenda P - Can J Kidney Health Dis (2015)

Bottom Line: As of August 31, 2014, 1480 people in 11 communities over 2 Tribal Councils have been successfully screened.Further analysis of this cohort will describe theepidemiology of CKD in these communities, and test the cost effectiveness of this strategy.Abstract available from the publisher.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Diabetes Integration Project, Winnipeg, Canada ; University of Manitoba, Centre for Aboriginal Health Education, Winnipeg, Canada.

ABSTRACT

Background: Screening the general population for Chronic Kidney Disease is not currently recommended.. Rural and remote Canadian First Nations people suffer a disproportionate burden of Kidney Failure. The Fi rst N at i ons Community Based S creening to Improve Kidney He alth and Prevent D ialysis ( FINISHED ) project intends to test the hypothesis that a mobile, mass screening initiative available to all First Nations people 10 years of age and older residing in rural and/or remote communities, is feasible, will improve health outcomes and is cost effective.

Objectives: The objective of this manuscript is to describe the key elements required to design, implement and evaluate such a program and describe key characteristics of our screened cohort.

Design: Methods and cohort description.

Setting: 11 First Nations communities within 2 Tribal Councils in Manitoba, Canada.

Patients: All First Nations individuals between the ages of 10-80 living in the 11communities were eligible for the screening initiative.

Measurements: Screening Rates achieved within communities.

Methods: An interdisciplinary team partnership was established between the Diabetes Integration Project and the Manitoba Renal Program. Stakeholder consultation was obtained and protocols developed to mass screen community members using point of care testing equipment. All people screened were risk stratified, counselled and referred to nephrologists as required in real time, based on risk.

Results: As of August 31, 2014, 1480 people in 11 communities over 2 Tribal Councils have been successfully screened. A mean screening rate of 21% of all community members eligible (aged 10-80) has been achieved. All patients at intermediate or high risk of kidney failure have been seen by nephrologists within 1 month of screening.

Limitations: Long term outcomes of kidney failure rates not assessed for at least 5 years. Alternative public health initiatives to reduce kidney failure not investigated.

Conclusions: Point of care mass screening, real time risk prediction and counselling of First Nations people at high risk of Kidney Failure is feasible in rural and remote communities. Further analysis of this cohort will describe theepidemiology of CKD in these communities, and test the cost effectiveness of this strategy.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Relevant stakeholders.
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Related In: Results  -  Collection

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Fig1: Relevant stakeholders.

Mentions: Canadian First Nations people represent a unique population with regards to history, culture, language, values beliefs and relationships. At the core, critical components to lead a screening campaign such as this must include interprofessional partnerships beginning with indigenous clinicians and scholars working alongside epidemiologists, subspecialty kidney health care teams, and engaged levels of government (Figure 1). While we obtained Research Ethics Board approval from the University of Manitoba for this screening program, this alone is insufficient to conduct a public health initiative of this scope and magnitude in First Nations Communities.Figure 1


Mass screening for chronic kidney disease in rural and remote Canadian first nations people: methodology and demographic characteristics.

Lavallee B, Chartrand C, McLeod L, Rigatto C, Tangri N, Dart A, Gordon A, Ophey S, Komenda P - Can J Kidney Health Dis (2015)

Relevant stakeholders.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4940863&req=5

Fig1: Relevant stakeholders.
Mentions: Canadian First Nations people represent a unique population with regards to history, culture, language, values beliefs and relationships. At the core, critical components to lead a screening campaign such as this must include interprofessional partnerships beginning with indigenous clinicians and scholars working alongside epidemiologists, subspecialty kidney health care teams, and engaged levels of government (Figure 1). While we obtained Research Ethics Board approval from the University of Manitoba for this screening program, this alone is insufficient to conduct a public health initiative of this scope and magnitude in First Nations Communities.Figure 1

Bottom Line: As of August 31, 2014, 1480 people in 11 communities over 2 Tribal Councils have been successfully screened.Further analysis of this cohort will describe theepidemiology of CKD in these communities, and test the cost effectiveness of this strategy.Abstract available from the publisher.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Diabetes Integration Project, Winnipeg, Canada ; University of Manitoba, Centre for Aboriginal Health Education, Winnipeg, Canada.

ABSTRACT

Background: Screening the general population for Chronic Kidney Disease is not currently recommended.. Rural and remote Canadian First Nations people suffer a disproportionate burden of Kidney Failure. The Fi rst N at i ons Community Based S creening to Improve Kidney He alth and Prevent D ialysis ( FINISHED ) project intends to test the hypothesis that a mobile, mass screening initiative available to all First Nations people 10 years of age and older residing in rural and/or remote communities, is feasible, will improve health outcomes and is cost effective.

Objectives: The objective of this manuscript is to describe the key elements required to design, implement and evaluate such a program and describe key characteristics of our screened cohort.

Design: Methods and cohort description.

Setting: 11 First Nations communities within 2 Tribal Councils in Manitoba, Canada.

Patients: All First Nations individuals between the ages of 10-80 living in the 11communities were eligible for the screening initiative.

Measurements: Screening Rates achieved within communities.

Methods: An interdisciplinary team partnership was established between the Diabetes Integration Project and the Manitoba Renal Program. Stakeholder consultation was obtained and protocols developed to mass screen community members using point of care testing equipment. All people screened were risk stratified, counselled and referred to nephrologists as required in real time, based on risk.

Results: As of August 31, 2014, 1480 people in 11 communities over 2 Tribal Councils have been successfully screened. A mean screening rate of 21% of all community members eligible (aged 10-80) has been achieved. All patients at intermediate or high risk of kidney failure have been seen by nephrologists within 1 month of screening.

Limitations: Long term outcomes of kidney failure rates not assessed for at least 5 years. Alternative public health initiatives to reduce kidney failure not investigated.

Conclusions: Point of care mass screening, real time risk prediction and counselling of First Nations people at high risk of Kidney Failure is feasible in rural and remote communities. Further analysis of this cohort will describe theepidemiology of CKD in these communities, and test the cost effectiveness of this strategy.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus