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Exploratory study of the implications of research on the use of smart connected devices for prevention: a scoping review.

Petit A, Cambon L - BMC Public Health (2016)

Bottom Line: Three dimensions of the use of smart devices in the field of health were identified: 1/a quantification tool allowing the users to measure their activities; 2/a tool of self-positioning in the community; 3/an interface between the medical world and the population, modifying the hierarchy of knowledge.However, few published studies have investigated the determinants of the efficacy of these devices and their impact on individual behaviours and professional health practices.To what degree does the use of smart devices modify the health care professional-patient relationship?

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Chaire de recherche en prévention des cancers, UMR6051, CRAPE, EHESP, Rennes, France. audrey.petit@ehesp.fr.

ABSTRACT

Background: Smart devices and mobile applications are now an integral part of all aspects of everyday life. They are particularly numerous in the field of health, contributing to the movement called ehealth. What is the potential role of these devices as prevention supports? The purpose of this article is to provide an exploratory analysis of the use, efficacy and contribution to conventional prevention strategies.

Methods: To address this issue, we conducted a scoping-review on the basis of 105 publications from the fields of medicine and human sciences.

Results: Three dimensions of the use of smart devices in the field of health were identified: 1/a quantification tool allowing the users to measure their activities; 2/a tool of self-positioning in the community; 3/an interface between the medical world and the population, modifying the hierarchy of knowledge. However, few published studies have investigated the determinants of the efficacy of these devices and their impact on individual behaviours and professional health practices.

Conclusion: Based on the hypothesis of possible integration of these devices in prevention policies, it would be interesting to investigate two research issues: how and under what psycho-socio-environmental conditions can smart devices contribute to the adoption of positive health behaviours? To what degree does the use of smart devices modify the health care professional-patient relationship? Finding answers to these questions could help to define the real place of these devices in prevention strategies by determining their complementarity with respect to other prevention strategies, and the conditions of their efficacy on behaviours and inequalities.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Number of articles selected
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Fig1: Number of articles selected

Mentions: Of the 388 articles selected by the search algorithm, 44 were selected on the basis of the inclusion criteria. Excluded articles were mainly excluded because they concerned information technology techniques or curative use (especially telemedicine). Another 61 articles were added to this first selection. A total of 105 publications were finally included in the analysis (see Table 2 in the Appendix) (Fig. 1).Fig. 1


Exploratory study of the implications of research on the use of smart connected devices for prevention: a scoping review.

Petit A, Cambon L - BMC Public Health (2016)

Number of articles selected
© Copyright Policy - OpenAccess
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4940750&req=5

Fig1: Number of articles selected
Mentions: Of the 388 articles selected by the search algorithm, 44 were selected on the basis of the inclusion criteria. Excluded articles were mainly excluded because they concerned information technology techniques or curative use (especially telemedicine). Another 61 articles were added to this first selection. A total of 105 publications were finally included in the analysis (see Table 2 in the Appendix) (Fig. 1).Fig. 1

Bottom Line: Three dimensions of the use of smart devices in the field of health were identified: 1/a quantification tool allowing the users to measure their activities; 2/a tool of self-positioning in the community; 3/an interface between the medical world and the population, modifying the hierarchy of knowledge.However, few published studies have investigated the determinants of the efficacy of these devices and their impact on individual behaviours and professional health practices.To what degree does the use of smart devices modify the health care professional-patient relationship?

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Chaire de recherche en prévention des cancers, UMR6051, CRAPE, EHESP, Rennes, France. audrey.petit@ehesp.fr.

ABSTRACT

Background: Smart devices and mobile applications are now an integral part of all aspects of everyday life. They are particularly numerous in the field of health, contributing to the movement called ehealth. What is the potential role of these devices as prevention supports? The purpose of this article is to provide an exploratory analysis of the use, efficacy and contribution to conventional prevention strategies.

Methods: To address this issue, we conducted a scoping-review on the basis of 105 publications from the fields of medicine and human sciences.

Results: Three dimensions of the use of smart devices in the field of health were identified: 1/a quantification tool allowing the users to measure their activities; 2/a tool of self-positioning in the community; 3/an interface between the medical world and the population, modifying the hierarchy of knowledge. However, few published studies have investigated the determinants of the efficacy of these devices and their impact on individual behaviours and professional health practices.

Conclusion: Based on the hypothesis of possible integration of these devices in prevention policies, it would be interesting to investigate two research issues: how and under what psycho-socio-environmental conditions can smart devices contribute to the adoption of positive health behaviours? To what degree does the use of smart devices modify the health care professional-patient relationship? Finding answers to these questions could help to define the real place of these devices in prevention strategies by determining their complementarity with respect to other prevention strategies, and the conditions of their efficacy on behaviours and inequalities.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus