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Liver fat accumulation in response to overfeeding with a high-fat diet: a comparison between South Asian and Caucasian men.

Wulan SN, Schrauwen-Hinderling VB, Westerterp KR, Plasqui G - Nutr Metab (Lond) (2015)

Bottom Line: South Asians were reported to have a higher liver fat content as compared to BMI-matched Caucasians.Liver fat content at baseline did not differ between ethnicities (P = 0.48) and was associated with visceral fat area (P = 0.002, R(2) = 0.56) but not with ethnicity (P = 0.13).However as a percentage of the total abdominal fat area, VAT was higher in South Asians (P = 0.003).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Human Biology, Nutrition and Toxicology Research Institute (NUTRIM) - School for Nutrition Toxicology and Metabolism, Maastricht University Medical Center (MUMC+), Universiteitssingel 50, PO.Box 616, 6200MD Maastricht, The Netherlands ; Laboratory of Food Quality and Nutrition, Department of Food and Agricultural Product Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Brawijaya University, Malang, East Java Indonesia.

ABSTRACT

Background: South Asians were reported to have a higher liver fat content as compared to BMI-matched Caucasians. This study compared the increase in liver fat content in response to overfeeding with a high fat diet in South Asian and Caucasian men when matched for body fat percentage.

Methods: Ten South Asian men (BMI 18-29 kg/m(2)) and 10 Caucasian men (BMI 22-33 kg/m(2)), aged 20-40 y, matched for body fat percentage, were included. A weight maintenance diet was given for 3 days based on the individual energy requirement. Individual energy requirement of the subjects was calculated based on their body composition (measured by hydro densitometry and deuterium dilution) and activity counts (accelerometer). Liver fat content was measured before and after 4 days of overfeeding (50 % excess energy need) with a high fat diet (60 % energy from fat). Fat distribution was measured by anthropometry and an MRI scan of the abdomen while liver fat content using 1H-MRS.

Results: While having a similar body fat % (P = 0.58), South Asians had a lower BMI (P = 0.04) than Caucasians. Liver fat content at baseline did not differ between ethnicities (P = 0.48) and was associated with visceral fat area (P = 0.002, R(2) = 0.56) but not with ethnicity (P = 0.13). Overfeeding with a high fat diet significantly increased liver fat (P = 0.01) but the increase did not differ between ethnicities (P = 0.47). There was no difference in the total abdominal fat area (P = 0.37), subcutaneous abdominal fat area (P = 0.18) and visceral fat area (VAT, P = 0.32). However as a percentage of the total abdominal fat area, VAT was higher in South Asians (P = 0.003).

Conclusion: Despite a relatively higher percentage of visceral fat area, liver fat increased similarly in South Asian and Caucasian men in response to overfeeding with a high fat diet.

Trial registration: The study was registered in the public trial registry www.ccmo.nl No. NL31217.068.10.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

The association between liver fat at baseline with body fat percentage (a) and the association between liver fat at baseline with visceral fat area (b). Liver fat at baseline was associated with body fat percentage (R2 = 0.44, P = 0.03). Liver fat at baseline had a stronger association with visceral fat area (R2 = 0. 62, P = 0.003). In a multiple regression analysis, visceral fat area was the significant predictor of baseline liver fat (R2 = 0.56, P = 0.002) and no effect of ethncity was found (P = 0.13). Excluding the outlier, did not change the significant association between body fat percentage and baseline liver fat content in Fig. 2a (R2 = 0.36, P = 0.018) and the significant association between visceral fat area and baseline liver fat content in Fig. 2b (R2 = 0.76, P = 0.001)
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Fig2: The association between liver fat at baseline with body fat percentage (a) and the association between liver fat at baseline with visceral fat area (b). Liver fat at baseline was associated with body fat percentage (R2 = 0.44, P = 0.03). Liver fat at baseline had a stronger association with visceral fat area (R2 = 0. 62, P = 0.003). In a multiple regression analysis, visceral fat area was the significant predictor of baseline liver fat (R2 = 0.56, P = 0.002) and no effect of ethncity was found (P = 0.13). Excluding the outlier, did not change the significant association between body fat percentage and baseline liver fat content in Fig. 2a (R2 = 0.36, P = 0.018) and the significant association between visceral fat area and baseline liver fat content in Fig. 2b (R2 = 0.76, P = 0.001)

Mentions: Liver fat content at baseline did not differ between ethnicities (P = 0.48). Overfeeding with a high fat diet significantly increased liver fat content (P = 0.01) but the increase did not differ between ethnicities (P = 0.47). The mean increase was 33 % and 34 % for South Asians and Caucasians respectively. We assessed the association between liver fat at baseline and body fat percentage, it turned out that liver fat at baseline was positively associated with body fat percentage (R2 = 0.44, P = 0.03, Fig. 2a). Furthermore, we assessed the effect of ethnicity on the baseline liver fat content with body fat percentage as a covariate (ANCOVA analysis) and found that baseline liver fat content was associated with body fat percentage (P = 0.02) but not with ethnicity (P = 0.21). We assessed the association between liver fat at baseline with visceral fat area, and found that liver fat at baseline had a stronger association with visceral fat area (R2 = 0.62, P = 0.003, Fig. 2b). In a multiple regression analysis by including ethnicity in the model, visceral fat area was found to be the significant predictor of liver fat content at baseline (P = 0.002, R2 = 0.56) and not ethnicity (P = 0.13). There was an outlier in Fig. 2a and b. Excluding the outlier, did not change the significant association between body fat percentage and baseline liver fat content in Fig. 2a (R2 = 0.36, P = 0.018) and the significant association between visceral fat area and baseline liver fat content in Fig. 2b (R2 = 0.76, P = 0.001).Fig. 2


Liver fat accumulation in response to overfeeding with a high-fat diet: a comparison between South Asian and Caucasian men.

Wulan SN, Schrauwen-Hinderling VB, Westerterp KR, Plasqui G - Nutr Metab (Lond) (2015)

The association between liver fat at baseline with body fat percentage (a) and the association between liver fat at baseline with visceral fat area (b). Liver fat at baseline was associated with body fat percentage (R2 = 0.44, P = 0.03). Liver fat at baseline had a stronger association with visceral fat area (R2 = 0. 62, P = 0.003). In a multiple regression analysis, visceral fat area was the significant predictor of baseline liver fat (R2 = 0.56, P = 0.002) and no effect of ethncity was found (P = 0.13). Excluding the outlier, did not change the significant association between body fat percentage and baseline liver fat content in Fig. 2a (R2 = 0.36, P = 0.018) and the significant association between visceral fat area and baseline liver fat content in Fig. 2b (R2 = 0.76, P = 0.001)
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4940726&req=5

Fig2: The association between liver fat at baseline with body fat percentage (a) and the association between liver fat at baseline with visceral fat area (b). Liver fat at baseline was associated with body fat percentage (R2 = 0.44, P = 0.03). Liver fat at baseline had a stronger association with visceral fat area (R2 = 0. 62, P = 0.003). In a multiple regression analysis, visceral fat area was the significant predictor of baseline liver fat (R2 = 0.56, P = 0.002) and no effect of ethncity was found (P = 0.13). Excluding the outlier, did not change the significant association between body fat percentage and baseline liver fat content in Fig. 2a (R2 = 0.36, P = 0.018) and the significant association between visceral fat area and baseline liver fat content in Fig. 2b (R2 = 0.76, P = 0.001)
Mentions: Liver fat content at baseline did not differ between ethnicities (P = 0.48). Overfeeding with a high fat diet significantly increased liver fat content (P = 0.01) but the increase did not differ between ethnicities (P = 0.47). The mean increase was 33 % and 34 % for South Asians and Caucasians respectively. We assessed the association between liver fat at baseline and body fat percentage, it turned out that liver fat at baseline was positively associated with body fat percentage (R2 = 0.44, P = 0.03, Fig. 2a). Furthermore, we assessed the effect of ethnicity on the baseline liver fat content with body fat percentage as a covariate (ANCOVA analysis) and found that baseline liver fat content was associated with body fat percentage (P = 0.02) but not with ethnicity (P = 0.21). We assessed the association between liver fat at baseline with visceral fat area, and found that liver fat at baseline had a stronger association with visceral fat area (R2 = 0.62, P = 0.003, Fig. 2b). In a multiple regression analysis by including ethnicity in the model, visceral fat area was found to be the significant predictor of liver fat content at baseline (P = 0.002, R2 = 0.56) and not ethnicity (P = 0.13). There was an outlier in Fig. 2a and b. Excluding the outlier, did not change the significant association between body fat percentage and baseline liver fat content in Fig. 2a (R2 = 0.36, P = 0.018) and the significant association between visceral fat area and baseline liver fat content in Fig. 2b (R2 = 0.76, P = 0.001).Fig. 2

Bottom Line: South Asians were reported to have a higher liver fat content as compared to BMI-matched Caucasians.Liver fat content at baseline did not differ between ethnicities (P = 0.48) and was associated with visceral fat area (P = 0.002, R(2) = 0.56) but not with ethnicity (P = 0.13).However as a percentage of the total abdominal fat area, VAT was higher in South Asians (P = 0.003).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Human Biology, Nutrition and Toxicology Research Institute (NUTRIM) - School for Nutrition Toxicology and Metabolism, Maastricht University Medical Center (MUMC+), Universiteitssingel 50, PO.Box 616, 6200MD Maastricht, The Netherlands ; Laboratory of Food Quality and Nutrition, Department of Food and Agricultural Product Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Brawijaya University, Malang, East Java Indonesia.

ABSTRACT

Background: South Asians were reported to have a higher liver fat content as compared to BMI-matched Caucasians. This study compared the increase in liver fat content in response to overfeeding with a high fat diet in South Asian and Caucasian men when matched for body fat percentage.

Methods: Ten South Asian men (BMI 18-29 kg/m(2)) and 10 Caucasian men (BMI 22-33 kg/m(2)), aged 20-40 y, matched for body fat percentage, were included. A weight maintenance diet was given for 3 days based on the individual energy requirement. Individual energy requirement of the subjects was calculated based on their body composition (measured by hydro densitometry and deuterium dilution) and activity counts (accelerometer). Liver fat content was measured before and after 4 days of overfeeding (50 % excess energy need) with a high fat diet (60 % energy from fat). Fat distribution was measured by anthropometry and an MRI scan of the abdomen while liver fat content using 1H-MRS.

Results: While having a similar body fat % (P = 0.58), South Asians had a lower BMI (P = 0.04) than Caucasians. Liver fat content at baseline did not differ between ethnicities (P = 0.48) and was associated with visceral fat area (P = 0.002, R(2) = 0.56) but not with ethnicity (P = 0.13). Overfeeding with a high fat diet significantly increased liver fat (P = 0.01) but the increase did not differ between ethnicities (P = 0.47). There was no difference in the total abdominal fat area (P = 0.37), subcutaneous abdominal fat area (P = 0.18) and visceral fat area (VAT, P = 0.32). However as a percentage of the total abdominal fat area, VAT was higher in South Asians (P = 0.003).

Conclusion: Despite a relatively higher percentage of visceral fat area, liver fat increased similarly in South Asian and Caucasian men in response to overfeeding with a high fat diet.

Trial registration: The study was registered in the public trial registry www.ccmo.nl No. NL31217.068.10.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus