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Pyrolytic Waste Plastic Oil and Its Diesel Blend: Fuel Characterization.

Khan MZ, Sultana M, Al-Mamun MR, Hasan MR - J Environ Public Health (2016)

Bottom Line: The authors introduced waste plastic pyrolysis oil (WPPO) as an alternative fuel characterized in detail and compared with conventional diesel.Comparison of the fuel properties to the petrodiesel fuel standards ASTM D 975 and EN 590 revealed that the synthetic product was within all specifications.Notably, the fuel properties included a kinematic viscosity (40°C) of 1.98 cSt, density of 0.75 gm/cc, sulphur content of 0.25 (wt%), and carbon residue of 0.5 (wt%), and high calorific value represented significant enhancements over those of conventional petroleum diesel fuel.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Chemical Engineering, Jessore Science and Technology University, Jessore 7408, Bangladesh.

ABSTRACT
The authors introduced waste plastic pyrolysis oil (WPPO) as an alternative fuel characterized in detail and compared with conventional diesel. High density polyethylene, HDPE, was pyrolyzed in a self-designed stainless steel laboratory reactor to produce useful fuel products. HDPE waste was completely pyrolyzed at 330-490°C for 2-3 hours to obtain solid residue, liquid fuel oil, and flammable gaseous hydrocarbon products. Comparison of the fuel properties to the petrodiesel fuel standards ASTM D 975 and EN 590 revealed that the synthetic product was within all specifications. Notably, the fuel properties included a kinematic viscosity (40°C) of 1.98 cSt, density of 0.75 gm/cc, sulphur content of 0.25 (wt%), and carbon residue of 0.5 (wt%), and high calorific value represented significant enhancements over those of conventional petroleum diesel fuel.

No MeSH data available.


Graphical representation of density of different types of fuel.
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fig5: Graphical representation of density of different types of fuel.

Mentions: Density is an important property of a fuel oil. If the density of fuel is high; the fuel consumption will be less. On the other hand, the oil with low density will consume more fuel which may cause damage to the engine. Therefore, too low or too high density of fuel oil is not desirable. It is clear from Figure 5 that the densities of WPPO and WPPO50 were found to be 0.7477 g/cc and 0.7943 g/cc, respectively, which is close to the density of kerosene, diesel, and gas oil. So the conventional fuel such as diesel oil, kerosene oil, and gas oil may be replaced by plastic pyrolysis oil.


Pyrolytic Waste Plastic Oil and Its Diesel Blend: Fuel Characterization.

Khan MZ, Sultana M, Al-Mamun MR, Hasan MR - J Environ Public Health (2016)

Graphical representation of density of different types of fuel.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4940549&req=5

fig5: Graphical representation of density of different types of fuel.
Mentions: Density is an important property of a fuel oil. If the density of fuel is high; the fuel consumption will be less. On the other hand, the oil with low density will consume more fuel which may cause damage to the engine. Therefore, too low or too high density of fuel oil is not desirable. It is clear from Figure 5 that the densities of WPPO and WPPO50 were found to be 0.7477 g/cc and 0.7943 g/cc, respectively, which is close to the density of kerosene, diesel, and gas oil. So the conventional fuel such as diesel oil, kerosene oil, and gas oil may be replaced by plastic pyrolysis oil.

Bottom Line: The authors introduced waste plastic pyrolysis oil (WPPO) as an alternative fuel characterized in detail and compared with conventional diesel.Comparison of the fuel properties to the petrodiesel fuel standards ASTM D 975 and EN 590 revealed that the synthetic product was within all specifications.Notably, the fuel properties included a kinematic viscosity (40°C) of 1.98 cSt, density of 0.75 gm/cc, sulphur content of 0.25 (wt%), and carbon residue of 0.5 (wt%), and high calorific value represented significant enhancements over those of conventional petroleum diesel fuel.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Chemical Engineering, Jessore Science and Technology University, Jessore 7408, Bangladesh.

ABSTRACT
The authors introduced waste plastic pyrolysis oil (WPPO) as an alternative fuel characterized in detail and compared with conventional diesel. High density polyethylene, HDPE, was pyrolyzed in a self-designed stainless steel laboratory reactor to produce useful fuel products. HDPE waste was completely pyrolyzed at 330-490°C for 2-3 hours to obtain solid residue, liquid fuel oil, and flammable gaseous hydrocarbon products. Comparison of the fuel properties to the petrodiesel fuel standards ASTM D 975 and EN 590 revealed that the synthetic product was within all specifications. Notably, the fuel properties included a kinematic viscosity (40°C) of 1.98 cSt, density of 0.75 gm/cc, sulphur content of 0.25 (wt%), and carbon residue of 0.5 (wt%), and high calorific value represented significant enhancements over those of conventional petroleum diesel fuel.

No MeSH data available.