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Pyrolytic Waste Plastic Oil and Its Diesel Blend: Fuel Characterization.

Khan MZ, Sultana M, Al-Mamun MR, Hasan MR - J Environ Public Health (2016)

Bottom Line: The authors introduced waste plastic pyrolysis oil (WPPO) as an alternative fuel characterized in detail and compared with conventional diesel.Comparison of the fuel properties to the petrodiesel fuel standards ASTM D 975 and EN 590 revealed that the synthetic product was within all specifications.Notably, the fuel properties included a kinematic viscosity (40°C) of 1.98 cSt, density of 0.75 gm/cc, sulphur content of 0.25 (wt%), and carbon residue of 0.5 (wt%), and high calorific value represented significant enhancements over those of conventional petroleum diesel fuel.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Chemical Engineering, Jessore Science and Technology University, Jessore 7408, Bangladesh.

ABSTRACT
The authors introduced waste plastic pyrolysis oil (WPPO) as an alternative fuel characterized in detail and compared with conventional diesel. High density polyethylene, HDPE, was pyrolyzed in a self-designed stainless steel laboratory reactor to produce useful fuel products. HDPE waste was completely pyrolyzed at 330-490°C for 2-3 hours to obtain solid residue, liquid fuel oil, and flammable gaseous hydrocarbon products. Comparison of the fuel properties to the petrodiesel fuel standards ASTM D 975 and EN 590 revealed that the synthetic product was within all specifications. Notably, the fuel properties included a kinematic viscosity (40°C) of 1.98 cSt, density of 0.75 gm/cc, sulphur content of 0.25 (wt%), and carbon residue of 0.5 (wt%), and high calorific value represented significant enhancements over those of conventional petroleum diesel fuel.

No MeSH data available.


Graphical comparison of viscosity different oil. Diesel oil is 100% distillate oil, whereas light diesel oil is mixture of distillate oil and residual oil.
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fig4: Graphical comparison of viscosity different oil. Diesel oil is 100% distillate oil, whereas light diesel oil is mixture of distillate oil and residual oil.

Mentions: Viscosity varies with feedstock, pyrolysis conditions, temperature, and other variables. The higher the viscosity, the higher the fuel consumption, engine temperature, and load on the engine. On the other hand, if the viscosity of oil is too high, excessive friction may take place. The viscosity was measured by the IP-50 methodology at a temperature of 40°C. From Figure 4 it is observed that the viscosity of waste plastic pyrolysis oil obtained at 425°C pyrolysis temperature was 1.98 cSt which was comparably higher than kerosene and lower than diesel.


Pyrolytic Waste Plastic Oil and Its Diesel Blend: Fuel Characterization.

Khan MZ, Sultana M, Al-Mamun MR, Hasan MR - J Environ Public Health (2016)

Graphical comparison of viscosity different oil. Diesel oil is 100% distillate oil, whereas light diesel oil is mixture of distillate oil and residual oil.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4940549&req=5

fig4: Graphical comparison of viscosity different oil. Diesel oil is 100% distillate oil, whereas light diesel oil is mixture of distillate oil and residual oil.
Mentions: Viscosity varies with feedstock, pyrolysis conditions, temperature, and other variables. The higher the viscosity, the higher the fuel consumption, engine temperature, and load on the engine. On the other hand, if the viscosity of oil is too high, excessive friction may take place. The viscosity was measured by the IP-50 methodology at a temperature of 40°C. From Figure 4 it is observed that the viscosity of waste plastic pyrolysis oil obtained at 425°C pyrolysis temperature was 1.98 cSt which was comparably higher than kerosene and lower than diesel.

Bottom Line: The authors introduced waste plastic pyrolysis oil (WPPO) as an alternative fuel characterized in detail and compared with conventional diesel.Comparison of the fuel properties to the petrodiesel fuel standards ASTM D 975 and EN 590 revealed that the synthetic product was within all specifications.Notably, the fuel properties included a kinematic viscosity (40°C) of 1.98 cSt, density of 0.75 gm/cc, sulphur content of 0.25 (wt%), and carbon residue of 0.5 (wt%), and high calorific value represented significant enhancements over those of conventional petroleum diesel fuel.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Chemical Engineering, Jessore Science and Technology University, Jessore 7408, Bangladesh.

ABSTRACT
The authors introduced waste plastic pyrolysis oil (WPPO) as an alternative fuel characterized in detail and compared with conventional diesel. High density polyethylene, HDPE, was pyrolyzed in a self-designed stainless steel laboratory reactor to produce useful fuel products. HDPE waste was completely pyrolyzed at 330-490°C for 2-3 hours to obtain solid residue, liquid fuel oil, and flammable gaseous hydrocarbon products. Comparison of the fuel properties to the petrodiesel fuel standards ASTM D 975 and EN 590 revealed that the synthetic product was within all specifications. Notably, the fuel properties included a kinematic viscosity (40°C) of 1.98 cSt, density of 0.75 gm/cc, sulphur content of 0.25 (wt%), and carbon residue of 0.5 (wt%), and high calorific value represented significant enhancements over those of conventional petroleum diesel fuel.

No MeSH data available.