Limits...
The More (Social Group Memberships), the Merrier: Is This the Case for Asians?

Chang MX, Jetten J, Cruwys T, Haslam C, Praharso N - Front Psychol (2016)

Bottom Line: While previous studies have consistently shown that belonging to multiple groups enhances well-being, the current research proposes that for Asians, multiple group memberships (MGM) may confer fewer well-being benefits.Overall, MGM was associated with enhanced well-being in Westerners (Study 2), but not Asians (Studies 1-3).In Study 3, among Asians, MGM benefited the well-being of those who were least reluctant to enlist support.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: School of Psychology, The University of Queensland Brisbane, QLD, Australia.

ABSTRACT
While previous studies have consistently shown that belonging to multiple groups enhances well-being, the current research proposes that for Asians, multiple group memberships (MGM) may confer fewer well-being benefits. We suggest that this is due, in part, to Asian norms about relationships and support seeking, making Asians more reluctant to enlist social support due to concerns about burdening others. Overall, MGM was associated with enhanced well-being in Westerners (Study 2), but not Asians (Studies 1-3). Study 2 showed that social support mediated the relationship between MGM and well-being for Westerners only. In Study 3, among Asians, MGM benefited the well-being of those who were least reluctant to enlist support. Finally, reviewing the MGM evidence-base to date, relative to Westerners, MGM was less beneficial for the well-being of Asians. The evidence underscores the importance of culture in influencing how likely individuals utilize their group memberships as psychological resources.

No MeSH data available.


Life satisfaction ratings as a function of multiple group membership and one's reluctance to enlist social support in Study 3; N = 105.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4940425&req=5

Figure 6: Life satisfaction ratings as a function of multiple group membership and one's reluctance to enlist social support in Study 3; N = 105.

Mentions: A moderation analysis (Hayes, 2013, model 1; significance levels were calculated using unstandardized values) was used to examine whether the degree of reluctance to enlist social support would moderate the relationship between multiple group membership and life satisfaction. Multiple group membership was included as a continuous predictor, and life satisfaction as the outcome variable. Reluctance to enlist social support was entered as a continuous moderator. There was no significant effect of multiple group membership, B = 0.13, 95% CI [−0.072, 0.332], t = 1.28, p = 0.205, or reluctance to enlist support, B = 0.02, 95% CI [−0.208, 0.252], t = 0.19, p = 0.850, on life satisfaction. Consistent with our prediction, the interaction term between belonging to multiple groups and reluctance to enlist support was significant, B = −0.18, 95% CI [−0.352, −0.010], t = −2.10, p = 0.038. Simple slopes analysis revealed that belonging to multiple groups was associated with greater levels of life satisfaction for those who were least reluctant to enlist social support, B = 0.32, 95% CI [0.034, 0.597], t = 2.22, p = 0.029, but was unrelated to life satisfaction for participants who were more reluctant to enlist social support, B = −0.06, 95% CI [−0.308, 0.197], t = −0.44, p = 0.663 (see Figure 6).


The More (Social Group Memberships), the Merrier: Is This the Case for Asians?

Chang MX, Jetten J, Cruwys T, Haslam C, Praharso N - Front Psychol (2016)

Life satisfaction ratings as a function of multiple group membership and one's reluctance to enlist social support in Study 3; N = 105.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4940425&req=5

Figure 6: Life satisfaction ratings as a function of multiple group membership and one's reluctance to enlist social support in Study 3; N = 105.
Mentions: A moderation analysis (Hayes, 2013, model 1; significance levels were calculated using unstandardized values) was used to examine whether the degree of reluctance to enlist social support would moderate the relationship between multiple group membership and life satisfaction. Multiple group membership was included as a continuous predictor, and life satisfaction as the outcome variable. Reluctance to enlist social support was entered as a continuous moderator. There was no significant effect of multiple group membership, B = 0.13, 95% CI [−0.072, 0.332], t = 1.28, p = 0.205, or reluctance to enlist support, B = 0.02, 95% CI [−0.208, 0.252], t = 0.19, p = 0.850, on life satisfaction. Consistent with our prediction, the interaction term between belonging to multiple groups and reluctance to enlist support was significant, B = −0.18, 95% CI [−0.352, −0.010], t = −2.10, p = 0.038. Simple slopes analysis revealed that belonging to multiple groups was associated with greater levels of life satisfaction for those who were least reluctant to enlist social support, B = 0.32, 95% CI [0.034, 0.597], t = 2.22, p = 0.029, but was unrelated to life satisfaction for participants who were more reluctant to enlist social support, B = −0.06, 95% CI [−0.308, 0.197], t = −0.44, p = 0.663 (see Figure 6).

Bottom Line: While previous studies have consistently shown that belonging to multiple groups enhances well-being, the current research proposes that for Asians, multiple group memberships (MGM) may confer fewer well-being benefits.Overall, MGM was associated with enhanced well-being in Westerners (Study 2), but not Asians (Studies 1-3).In Study 3, among Asians, MGM benefited the well-being of those who were least reluctant to enlist support.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: School of Psychology, The University of Queensland Brisbane, QLD, Australia.

ABSTRACT
While previous studies have consistently shown that belonging to multiple groups enhances well-being, the current research proposes that for Asians, multiple group memberships (MGM) may confer fewer well-being benefits. We suggest that this is due, in part, to Asian norms about relationships and support seeking, making Asians more reluctant to enlist social support due to concerns about burdening others. Overall, MGM was associated with enhanced well-being in Westerners (Study 2), but not Asians (Studies 1-3). Study 2 showed that social support mediated the relationship between MGM and well-being for Westerners only. In Study 3, among Asians, MGM benefited the well-being of those who were least reluctant to enlist support. Finally, reviewing the MGM evidence-base to date, relative to Westerners, MGM was less beneficial for the well-being of Asians. The evidence underscores the importance of culture in influencing how likely individuals utilize their group memberships as psychological resources.

No MeSH data available.