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The More (Social Group Memberships), the Merrier: Is This the Case for Asians?

Chang MX, Jetten J, Cruwys T, Haslam C, Praharso N - Front Psychol (2016)

Bottom Line: While previous studies have consistently shown that belonging to multiple groups enhances well-being, the current research proposes that for Asians, multiple group memberships (MGM) may confer fewer well-being benefits.Overall, MGM was associated with enhanced well-being in Westerners (Study 2), but not Asians (Studies 1-3).In Study 3, among Asians, MGM benefited the well-being of those who were least reluctant to enlist support.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: School of Psychology, The University of Queensland Brisbane, QLD, Australia.

ABSTRACT
While previous studies have consistently shown that belonging to multiple groups enhances well-being, the current research proposes that for Asians, multiple group memberships (MGM) may confer fewer well-being benefits. We suggest that this is due, in part, to Asian norms about relationships and support seeking, making Asians more reluctant to enlist social support due to concerns about burdening others. Overall, MGM was associated with enhanced well-being in Westerners (Study 2), but not Asians (Studies 1-3). Study 2 showed that social support mediated the relationship between MGM and well-being for Westerners only. In Study 3, among Asians, MGM benefited the well-being of those who were least reluctant to enlist support. Finally, reviewing the MGM evidence-base to date, relative to Westerners, MGM was less beneficial for the well-being of Asians. The evidence underscores the importance of culture in influencing how likely individuals utilize their group memberships as psychological resources.

No MeSH data available.


Happiness ratings as a function of multiple group membership and culture in Study 2; N = 137.
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Figure 2: Happiness ratings as a function of multiple group membership and culture in Study 2; N = 137.

Mentions: A moderation analysis [Hayes, 2013, model 1; significance levels were calculated using unstandardized values in Hayes PROCESS model 1, as recommended by Hayes and Preacher (2014)] was conducted to examine the influence of culture as a moderator of the relationship between multiple group membership and happiness. Multiple group membership was included as a continuous predictor, with happiness as the outcome variable. Culture (Asian vs. Western) was entered as the moderator. Results showed that culture, B = 0.29, 95% CI [0.131, 0.456], t = 3.57, p < 0.001, but not multiple group membership, B = 0.11, 95% CI [−0.019, 0.233], t = 1.67, p = 0.097, significantly predicted happiness. The interaction between culture and multiple group membership was significant, B = 0.13, 95% CI [0.006, 0.254], t = 2.07, p = 0.041. Simple slopes analysis revealed that multiple group membership was associated with higher levels of happiness for Western participants, B = 0.22, 95% CI [0.041, 0.400], t = 2.42, p = 0.017, but not for Asian participants, B = −0.04, 95% CI [−0.211, 0.132], t = −0.45, p = 0.650 (see Figure 2).


The More (Social Group Memberships), the Merrier: Is This the Case for Asians?

Chang MX, Jetten J, Cruwys T, Haslam C, Praharso N - Front Psychol (2016)

Happiness ratings as a function of multiple group membership and culture in Study 2; N = 137.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4940425&req=5

Figure 2: Happiness ratings as a function of multiple group membership and culture in Study 2; N = 137.
Mentions: A moderation analysis [Hayes, 2013, model 1; significance levels were calculated using unstandardized values in Hayes PROCESS model 1, as recommended by Hayes and Preacher (2014)] was conducted to examine the influence of culture as a moderator of the relationship between multiple group membership and happiness. Multiple group membership was included as a continuous predictor, with happiness as the outcome variable. Culture (Asian vs. Western) was entered as the moderator. Results showed that culture, B = 0.29, 95% CI [0.131, 0.456], t = 3.57, p < 0.001, but not multiple group membership, B = 0.11, 95% CI [−0.019, 0.233], t = 1.67, p = 0.097, significantly predicted happiness. The interaction between culture and multiple group membership was significant, B = 0.13, 95% CI [0.006, 0.254], t = 2.07, p = 0.041. Simple slopes analysis revealed that multiple group membership was associated with higher levels of happiness for Western participants, B = 0.22, 95% CI [0.041, 0.400], t = 2.42, p = 0.017, but not for Asian participants, B = −0.04, 95% CI [−0.211, 0.132], t = −0.45, p = 0.650 (see Figure 2).

Bottom Line: While previous studies have consistently shown that belonging to multiple groups enhances well-being, the current research proposes that for Asians, multiple group memberships (MGM) may confer fewer well-being benefits.Overall, MGM was associated with enhanced well-being in Westerners (Study 2), but not Asians (Studies 1-3).In Study 3, among Asians, MGM benefited the well-being of those who were least reluctant to enlist support.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: School of Psychology, The University of Queensland Brisbane, QLD, Australia.

ABSTRACT
While previous studies have consistently shown that belonging to multiple groups enhances well-being, the current research proposes that for Asians, multiple group memberships (MGM) may confer fewer well-being benefits. We suggest that this is due, in part, to Asian norms about relationships and support seeking, making Asians more reluctant to enlist social support due to concerns about burdening others. Overall, MGM was associated with enhanced well-being in Westerners (Study 2), but not Asians (Studies 1-3). Study 2 showed that social support mediated the relationship between MGM and well-being for Westerners only. In Study 3, among Asians, MGM benefited the well-being of those who were least reluctant to enlist support. Finally, reviewing the MGM evidence-base to date, relative to Westerners, MGM was less beneficial for the well-being of Asians. The evidence underscores the importance of culture in influencing how likely individuals utilize their group memberships as psychological resources.

No MeSH data available.