Limits...
Perceived Threat Associated with Police Officers and Black Men Predicts Support for Policing Policy Reform.

Skinner AL, Haas IJ - Front Psychol (2016)

Bottom Line: Experimental evidence indicated that priming participants to associate Black men with threat could also reduce support for policing policy reform, and this effect was moderated by internal motivation to respond without prejudice.Priming participants to associate police officers with threat did not increase support for policing policy reform.Moreover, findings suggest that publicizing racially charged police encounters, which may conjure associations between Black men and threat, could reduce support for policing policy reform.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychology, University of Washington Seattle, WA, USA.

ABSTRACT
Racial disparities in policing and recent high-profile incidents resulting in the deaths of Black men have ignited a national debate on policing policies. Given evidence that both police officers and Black men may be associated with threat, we examined the impact of perceived threat on support for reformed policing policies. Across three studies we found correlational evidence that perceiving police officers as threatening predicts increased support for reformed policing practices (e.g., limiting the use of lethal force and matching police force demographics to those of the community). In contrast, perceiving Black men as threatening predicted reduced support for policing policy reform. Perceived threat also predicted willingness to sign a petition calling for police reform. Experimental evidence indicated that priming participants to associate Black men with threat could also reduce support for policing policy reform, and this effect was moderated by internal motivation to respond without prejudice. Priming participants to associate police officers with threat did not increase support for policing policy reform. Results indicate that resistance to policing policy reform is associated with perceiving Black men as threatening. Moreover, findings suggest that publicizing racially charged police encounters, which may conjure associations between Black men and threat, could reduce support for policing policy reform.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Probability of signing a petition in support of police reform as a function of threat condition. *Indicates significant deviation from chance (p < 0.50), error bars represent standard errors.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4940419&req=5

Figure 2: Probability of signing a petition in support of police reform as a function of threat condition. *Indicates significant deviation from chance (p < 0.50), error bars represent standard errors.

Mentions: We used logistic regression to examine the effects of condition and explicit threat ratings on willingness to sign the petition. First, we tested a logistic model including only demographic covariates (Adjusted R2 = 0.08). Next, we tested a model including only the threat manipulation and threat ratings (Adjusted R2 = 0.32). Results indicated that although the threat conditions did not significantly differ from one another (Bs < /0.29/, ps > 0.17), participants in the control condition were significantly more likely to sign the petition than chance (Probability = 0.62, SE = 0.06, p = 0.036, 95% CI [0.51, 0.72]; See Figure 2). Participants in the Black threat condition were not significantly more likely to sign the petition than chance (Probability = 0.51, SE = 0.06, p = 0.902, 95% CI [0.39, 0.62]), nor were the participants in the police threat condition (Probability = 0.59, SE = 0.06, p = 0.110, 95% CI [0.48, 0.70]). Lastly, we tested a model including the threat manipulation, and threat ratings, controlling for demographic factors (Adjusted R2 = 0.36)2.


Perceived Threat Associated with Police Officers and Black Men Predicts Support for Policing Policy Reform.

Skinner AL, Haas IJ - Front Psychol (2016)

Probability of signing a petition in support of police reform as a function of threat condition. *Indicates significant deviation from chance (p < 0.50), error bars represent standard errors.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4940419&req=5

Figure 2: Probability of signing a petition in support of police reform as a function of threat condition. *Indicates significant deviation from chance (p < 0.50), error bars represent standard errors.
Mentions: We used logistic regression to examine the effects of condition and explicit threat ratings on willingness to sign the petition. First, we tested a logistic model including only demographic covariates (Adjusted R2 = 0.08). Next, we tested a model including only the threat manipulation and threat ratings (Adjusted R2 = 0.32). Results indicated that although the threat conditions did not significantly differ from one another (Bs < /0.29/, ps > 0.17), participants in the control condition were significantly more likely to sign the petition than chance (Probability = 0.62, SE = 0.06, p = 0.036, 95% CI [0.51, 0.72]; See Figure 2). Participants in the Black threat condition were not significantly more likely to sign the petition than chance (Probability = 0.51, SE = 0.06, p = 0.902, 95% CI [0.39, 0.62]), nor were the participants in the police threat condition (Probability = 0.59, SE = 0.06, p = 0.110, 95% CI [0.48, 0.70]). Lastly, we tested a model including the threat manipulation, and threat ratings, controlling for demographic factors (Adjusted R2 = 0.36)2.

Bottom Line: Experimental evidence indicated that priming participants to associate Black men with threat could also reduce support for policing policy reform, and this effect was moderated by internal motivation to respond without prejudice.Priming participants to associate police officers with threat did not increase support for policing policy reform.Moreover, findings suggest that publicizing racially charged police encounters, which may conjure associations between Black men and threat, could reduce support for policing policy reform.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychology, University of Washington Seattle, WA, USA.

ABSTRACT
Racial disparities in policing and recent high-profile incidents resulting in the deaths of Black men have ignited a national debate on policing policies. Given evidence that both police officers and Black men may be associated with threat, we examined the impact of perceived threat on support for reformed policing policies. Across three studies we found correlational evidence that perceiving police officers as threatening predicts increased support for reformed policing practices (e.g., limiting the use of lethal force and matching police force demographics to those of the community). In contrast, perceiving Black men as threatening predicted reduced support for policing policy reform. Perceived threat also predicted willingness to sign a petition calling for police reform. Experimental evidence indicated that priming participants to associate Black men with threat could also reduce support for policing policy reform, and this effect was moderated by internal motivation to respond without prejudice. Priming participants to associate police officers with threat did not increase support for policing policy reform. Results indicate that resistance to policing policy reform is associated with perceiving Black men as threatening. Moreover, findings suggest that publicizing racially charged police encounters, which may conjure associations between Black men and threat, could reduce support for policing policy reform.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus