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Perceived Threat Associated with Police Officers and Black Men Predicts Support for Policing Policy Reform.

Skinner AL, Haas IJ - Front Psychol (2016)

Bottom Line: Experimental evidence indicated that priming participants to associate Black men with threat could also reduce support for policing policy reform, and this effect was moderated by internal motivation to respond without prejudice.Priming participants to associate police officers with threat did not increase support for policing policy reform.Moreover, findings suggest that publicizing racially charged police encounters, which may conjure associations between Black men and threat, could reduce support for policing policy reform.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychology, University of Washington Seattle, WA, USA.

ABSTRACT
Racial disparities in policing and recent high-profile incidents resulting in the deaths of Black men have ignited a national debate on policing policies. Given evidence that both police officers and Black men may be associated with threat, we examined the impact of perceived threat on support for reformed policing policies. Across three studies we found correlational evidence that perceiving police officers as threatening predicts increased support for reformed policing practices (e.g., limiting the use of lethal force and matching police force demographics to those of the community). In contrast, perceiving Black men as threatening predicted reduced support for policing policy reform. Perceived threat also predicted willingness to sign a petition calling for police reform. Experimental evidence indicated that priming participants to associate Black men with threat could also reduce support for policing policy reform, and this effect was moderated by internal motivation to respond without prejudice. Priming participants to associate police officers with threat did not increase support for policing policy reform. Results indicate that resistance to policing policy reform is associated with perceiving Black men as threatening. Moreover, findings suggest that publicizing racially charged police encounters, which may conjure associations between Black men and threat, could reduce support for policing policy reform.

No MeSH data available.


Panels depict the significant relationships between threat associated with police officers and Black men and each of the four policy outcome measures from Study 1b.
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Figure 1: Panels depict the significant relationships between threat associated with police officers and Black men and each of the four policy outcome measures from Study 1b.

Mentions: Multivariate regression analysis results indicated that threat associated with police officers [F(4, 263) = 12.14, p < 0.001, = 0.16] and threat associated with Black men [F(4, 263) = 3.92, p = 0.004, = 0.06] significantly predicted support for policing policy reform. Moreover, inspection of the parameter estimates indicated that all associations were in the expected direction. Greater threat associations with police officers predicted increased support for policing policy reform and greater threat associations with Black men predicted decreased support for policing policy reform. Next, we repeated this analysis controlling for race, ethnicity, age, and gender. Multivariate analysis results indicated that after controlling for demographic factors, threat associated with police officers [F(4, 238) = 13.04, p < 0.001, = 0.18] and threat associated with Black men [F(4, 238) = 3.93, p = 0.004, = 0.06] still significantly predicted support for policing policy reform. Table 3 provides the full results for each dependent measure and adjusted R2 for models (a) including only demographic covariates, (b) only the threat measures, and (c) the threat measures controlling for demographic covariates. Figure 1 presents model predicted support for each policing policy reform item as a function of perceived threat ratings.


Perceived Threat Associated with Police Officers and Black Men Predicts Support for Policing Policy Reform.

Skinner AL, Haas IJ - Front Psychol (2016)

Panels depict the significant relationships between threat associated with police officers and Black men and each of the four policy outcome measures from Study 1b.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4940419&req=5

Figure 1: Panels depict the significant relationships between threat associated with police officers and Black men and each of the four policy outcome measures from Study 1b.
Mentions: Multivariate regression analysis results indicated that threat associated with police officers [F(4, 263) = 12.14, p < 0.001, = 0.16] and threat associated with Black men [F(4, 263) = 3.92, p = 0.004, = 0.06] significantly predicted support for policing policy reform. Moreover, inspection of the parameter estimates indicated that all associations were in the expected direction. Greater threat associations with police officers predicted increased support for policing policy reform and greater threat associations with Black men predicted decreased support for policing policy reform. Next, we repeated this analysis controlling for race, ethnicity, age, and gender. Multivariate analysis results indicated that after controlling for demographic factors, threat associated with police officers [F(4, 238) = 13.04, p < 0.001, = 0.18] and threat associated with Black men [F(4, 238) = 3.93, p = 0.004, = 0.06] still significantly predicted support for policing policy reform. Table 3 provides the full results for each dependent measure and adjusted R2 for models (a) including only demographic covariates, (b) only the threat measures, and (c) the threat measures controlling for demographic covariates. Figure 1 presents model predicted support for each policing policy reform item as a function of perceived threat ratings.

Bottom Line: Experimental evidence indicated that priming participants to associate Black men with threat could also reduce support for policing policy reform, and this effect was moderated by internal motivation to respond without prejudice.Priming participants to associate police officers with threat did not increase support for policing policy reform.Moreover, findings suggest that publicizing racially charged police encounters, which may conjure associations between Black men and threat, could reduce support for policing policy reform.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychology, University of Washington Seattle, WA, USA.

ABSTRACT
Racial disparities in policing and recent high-profile incidents resulting in the deaths of Black men have ignited a national debate on policing policies. Given evidence that both police officers and Black men may be associated with threat, we examined the impact of perceived threat on support for reformed policing policies. Across three studies we found correlational evidence that perceiving police officers as threatening predicts increased support for reformed policing practices (e.g., limiting the use of lethal force and matching police force demographics to those of the community). In contrast, perceiving Black men as threatening predicted reduced support for policing policy reform. Perceived threat also predicted willingness to sign a petition calling for police reform. Experimental evidence indicated that priming participants to associate Black men with threat could also reduce support for policing policy reform, and this effect was moderated by internal motivation to respond without prejudice. Priming participants to associate police officers with threat did not increase support for policing policy reform. Results indicate that resistance to policing policy reform is associated with perceiving Black men as threatening. Moreover, findings suggest that publicizing racially charged police encounters, which may conjure associations between Black men and threat, could reduce support for policing policy reform.

No MeSH data available.