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The Semantic Associative Ability in Preschoolers with Different Language Onset Time.

Di Giacomo D, Ranieri J, Donatucci E, Caputi N, Passafiume D - Front Psychol (2016)

Bottom Line: The results evidenced that the children with delayed language onset performed significantly better than the children with early language production.No difference was found between typical and delayed language groups.The time of language onset appeared to be a predictive factor in the use of semantic associative strategies; the early talkers might present a slow pattern of conceptual processing, whereas the typical and late talkers may have protective factors.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Life, Health and Environmental Sciences, University of L'Aquila L'Aquila, Italy.

ABSTRACT
Aim of the study is to verify the semantic associative abilities in children with different language onset times: early, typical, and delayed talkers. The study was conducted on the sample of 74 preschool children who performed a Perceptual Associative Task, in order to evaluate the ability to link concepts by four associative strategies (function, part/whole, contiguity, and superordinate strategies). The results evidenced that the children with delayed language onset performed significantly better than the children with early language production. No difference was found between typical and delayed language groups. Our results showed that the children with early language onset presented weakness in the flexibility of elaboration of the concepts. The typical and delayed language onset groups overlapped performance in the associative abilities. The time of language onset appeared to be a predictive factor in the use of semantic associative strategies; the early talkers might present a slow pattern of conceptual processing, whereas the typical and late talkers may have protective factors.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Representation of time execution in Naming and Matching tasks.
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Figure 6: Representation of time execution in Naming and Matching tasks.

Mentions: Finally, we have analyzed the execution time (t) of sample in Naming and Matching taskes. A 3 (EL, TL, and DL groups) × 3 (age groups) × 2 (t Naming and Matching tasks) MANOVA evidenced significant differences in language onset time groups [F(4,128) = 2.7; p < 0.03, and η2 = 0.78] and age groups [F(4,128) = 3.4; p < 0.01, and η2 = 0.09]; Tukey test showed in EL performance resulting slower than TL and DL groups in Matching task (p < 0.001); TL and DL groups performance appear similar. The post hoc on age groups performance evidenced the older children (4- and 5-year-olds) faster than younger (3-year-olds) (t Naming: p < 0.05, t Matching: p < 0.008) (Figure 6).


The Semantic Associative Ability in Preschoolers with Different Language Onset Time.

Di Giacomo D, Ranieri J, Donatucci E, Caputi N, Passafiume D - Front Psychol (2016)

Representation of time execution in Naming and Matching tasks.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4940418&req=5

Figure 6: Representation of time execution in Naming and Matching tasks.
Mentions: Finally, we have analyzed the execution time (t) of sample in Naming and Matching taskes. A 3 (EL, TL, and DL groups) × 3 (age groups) × 2 (t Naming and Matching tasks) MANOVA evidenced significant differences in language onset time groups [F(4,128) = 2.7; p < 0.03, and η2 = 0.78] and age groups [F(4,128) = 3.4; p < 0.01, and η2 = 0.09]; Tukey test showed in EL performance resulting slower than TL and DL groups in Matching task (p < 0.001); TL and DL groups performance appear similar. The post hoc on age groups performance evidenced the older children (4- and 5-year-olds) faster than younger (3-year-olds) (t Naming: p < 0.05, t Matching: p < 0.008) (Figure 6).

Bottom Line: The results evidenced that the children with delayed language onset performed significantly better than the children with early language production.No difference was found between typical and delayed language groups.The time of language onset appeared to be a predictive factor in the use of semantic associative strategies; the early talkers might present a slow pattern of conceptual processing, whereas the typical and late talkers may have protective factors.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Life, Health and Environmental Sciences, University of L'Aquila L'Aquila, Italy.

ABSTRACT
Aim of the study is to verify the semantic associative abilities in children with different language onset times: early, typical, and delayed talkers. The study was conducted on the sample of 74 preschool children who performed a Perceptual Associative Task, in order to evaluate the ability to link concepts by four associative strategies (function, part/whole, contiguity, and superordinate strategies). The results evidenced that the children with delayed language onset performed significantly better than the children with early language production. No difference was found between typical and delayed language groups. Our results showed that the children with early language onset presented weakness in the flexibility of elaboration of the concepts. The typical and delayed language onset groups overlapped performance in the associative abilities. The time of language onset appeared to be a predictive factor in the use of semantic associative strategies; the early talkers might present a slow pattern of conceptual processing, whereas the typical and late talkers may have protective factors.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus